Histopathology 09/2013; · 2.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The developmental mechanisms of breast neuroendocrine carcinoma (B-NEC) have not been sufficiently analysed and are not well understood.
To investigate NE cells in the background tissues surrounding B-NECs.
Three cases (four breasts) having many NE cells in the background tissues of multifocal B-NECs were identified at the University of Yamanashi Hospital and St Luke's International Hospital, Japan. These patients were, respectively, 28-, 31- and 38-year-old women with no familial history of NE tumour. The totally-resected breasts were serially studied by immunohistochemistry for specific NE markers (chromogranin A/synaptophysin) and the morphologies and/or localisation of NE cells were investigated.
Immunohistochemical examination showed extensively-distributed NE cells in the background mammary ducts/lobules of the NECs in all breasts. These NE cells were classifiable into three emerging patterns: isolated/scattered, clustered and circumferential. Their distributions were intermingled and were not clearly related to B-NEC foci. NE cells were morphologically polygonal, oval or columnar with sometimes eosinophilic and/or fine-granular cytoplasm and round-to-ovoid nuclei lacking atypia. Some cells were located between epithelial and myoepithelial cells. Apical snouts were occasionally observed in NE cells forming luminal structures.
Benign-appearing NE cells in the parenchyma of a breast with NEC could be regarded as hyperplastic from their emerging patterns and distribution; this NE cell hyperplasia may be associated with the histogenesis of B-NEC as a precancerous condition. These observations might raise questions about the treatment for B-NEC.
Journal of clinical pathology 05/2012; 65(8):699-703. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bloody nipple discharge (BND) is an important clinical symptom in breast disorders, especially cancers. However, the association between this symptom and breast neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) has not been sufficiently investigated or well understood.
We clinicopathologically studied 89 cases using biopsy and/or resection in 144 patients who came to the hospital for a thorough examination of symptomatic BND.
Of these 89 cases examined histologically, 24 (27%) were neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) in which >50% of cells immuno-expressed chromogranin A and/or synaptophysin. Moreover, NECs made up 44% (24/55) of the mammary cancers found because of the BND. The frequency of diagnosing malignancy preoperatively in 24 NECs was 4% by nipple discharge cytology, 40% by fine needle aspiration cytology, 62% by core needle biopsy and 67% by mammotome biopsy. There were neither postoperative recurrences nor metastases in the NEC cases during a mean follow-up of 83.7 months. The 24 NECs were subclassified into neuroendocrine ductal carcinoma in situ (NE-DCIS) (9 cases) and microinvasive (7 cases) and invasive (8 cases) NECs with extensive NE-DCIS components. Most NECs had early-stage and low-grade pathological parameters: pTis or pT1 (96%), pN0 (96%), low nuclear grade (83%), absence of necrosis (88%), immuno-positivity of estrogen and progesterone receptors (100%) and absence of HER2 protein overexpression (100%).
NECs predominantly with NE-DCIS lesions, often under-diagnosed preoperatively, accounted for an important share of breast conditions associated with BND. It is, therefore, worth keeping this type of breast cancer in mind when performing medical examinations on patients with BND.
Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2012; 21(5):652-6. · 2.09 Impact Factor
Pathology International 10/2011; 61(10):615-7. · 1.72 Impact Factor
Journal of clinical pathology 02/2011; 64(6):549-51. · 2.43 Impact Factor
Pathology International 01/2011; 61(1):49-51. · 1.72 Impact Factor