Hana Hoyt

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States

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Publications (2)8.03 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The reported complication rate of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) varies. Our goal was to assess temporal trends and the effect of both institutional and individual operators' experience on the incidence of complications. All patients undergoing AF ablation at Johns Hopkins Hospital between February 2001 and December 2010 were prospectively enrolled in a database. Major complications were defined as those that were life-threatening, resulted in permanent harm, required intervention, or significantly prolonged hospitalization. Fifty-six major complications occurred in 1190 procedures (4.7%). The majority of complications were vascular (18; 1.5%), followed by pericardial tamponade (13; 1.1%) and cerebrovascular accident (12; 1.1%). No cases of death or atrioesophageal fistula occurred. The overall complication rate decreased from 11.1% in 2002 to 1.6% in 2010 (P <.05). On univariate analysis, demographic and clinical factors associated with the increased risk of complications were CHADS(2) score of ≥2 (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-4.4; P = .002), female gender (HR = 2.0; 95% CI = 1.2-3.5; P = .014), and age (HR = 1.03; 95% CI = 1.0-1.1; P = .042). Gender and CHADS(2) score of ≥2 remained independent predictors of complication on multivariable analysis. The complication rate of catheter ablation of AF decreased with increased institutional experience. Female gender and CHADS(2) score of ≥2 are significant independent risk factors for complications and should be considered when referring patients for AF ablation.
    Heart rhythm: the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society 07/2011; 8(12):1869-74. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Catheter ablation is a widely accepted treatment for drug refractory atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of our study was to examine secular trends in the demographic profile of patients undergoing AF ablation. Data for 792 patients who underwent catheter ablation for AF at Johns Hopkins Hospital between years 2001 and 2009 were systematically reviewed. There has been a steady increase in total number of procedures and repeat procedures. The majority of patients undergoing AF ablation at our institution are men (76.6%). Females accounted for 36.0% of patients in 2001 versus 19.6% in 2009. A total of 93.3% of patients undergoing AF ablation were Caucasian. The mean age of patients has increased over time (52 years in 2001 to 60 years in 2009, P = 0.015) and the number of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) used prior to first ablation has decreased (2.3 to 1.2, P = 0.009). In addition, the mean duration of AF prior to first referral has decreased (7.8 years in 2001 vs 4.2 years in 2009). There is a significant gender and racial disparity in patients undergoing AF ablation favoring Caucasian men that warrants further investigation. We also observed a significant increase in age of patients, decrease in number of AADs, and increase in number of repeat procedures. These results are important when interpreting outcomes of AF ablation and designing future trials. 
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 03/2011; 22(9):994-8. · 3.48 Impact Factor