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Publications (7)14.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Overexposure to methylmercury (MeHg) has been known to induce neurotoxicity. The objective of this study is to explore mechanisms that contribute to MeHg-induced nerve cell apoptosis focusing on the alteration of intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis and expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) subunits in rat cerebral cortex and whether MK801, a non-competitive NMDAR antagonist, could attenuate MeHg-induced neurotoxicity. Fifty rats were randomly divided into five groups of 10 animals in each group: control group, MK801 control group, MeHg-treated group (4 and 12 μmol/kg) and MK801 pre-treated group. Administration of MeHg at a dose of 12 μmol/kg for 4 weeks significantly increased in intracellular [Ca(2+)](i) and total Hg levels and that enhanced neurocyte apoptosis rate in cerebral cortex. In addition, the inhibitory effect of MeHg on Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and Ca(2+)-ATPases might be one of the reasons that cause a significant increase of [Ca(2+)](i) in neurocyte. Over activated by increased cytosolic Ca(2+) loading, calpains degraded NMDAR subunits leading ultimately to nerve cell damage. However, pretreatment with MK801 at a dose of 0.3 μmol/kg could prevent Ca(2+) homeostasis dysregulation and alleviate the neurocyte apoptosis. In conclusion, the neuroprotective effects of MK801 appeared to be mediated not only via its NMDA receptor binding properties but also by maintaining intracellular calcium homeostasis.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 12/2012; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methylmercury (MeHg) is a highly neurotoxic environmental pollutant that has a high appetency to the central nervous system. The underlying mechanisms of MeHg-induced neurotoxicity have not been elucidated clearly until now. Therefore, to explore the mechanisms contribute to MeHg-induced neurotoxicity, rats were exposed to different dosage of methylmercury chloride (CH(3) ClHg) (0, 4, and 12 μmol kg(-1) ) for 4 weeks to evaluate the neurotoxic effects of MeHg. In addition, considering the antioxidative properties of tea polyphenols (TP), 1 mmol kg(-1) TP was pretreated to observe the possible protective effects on MeHg-induced neurotoxicity. Then Hg, glutamate (Glu) and glutamine (Gln) levels, glutamine synthetase (GS), phosphate-activated glutaminase (PAG), Na(+) -K(+) -ATPase, and Ca(2+) -ATPase activities, intracellular Ca(2+) level were examined, glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), protein sulfhydryl, carbonyl, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) mRNA and protein expressions, apoptosis level and morphological changes in the cerebral cortex were also investigated. Study results showed that compared with those in control, exposure to CH(3) ClHg resulted in excitotoxicity in a concentration-dependent manner, which was shown by the Glu-Gln cycle disruption and intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis disturbance. On the other hand, CH(3) ClHg exposure resulted in oxidative damages of brain, which were supported by the significant changes on GSH, MDA, sulfhydryl, carbonyl, 8-OHdG, and ROS levels. Moreover, apoptosis rate increased obviously and many morphological changes were found after CH(3) ClHg exposure. Furthermore, this research indicated that TP pretreatment significantly mitigated the toxic effects of MeHg. In conclusion, findings from this study indicated that exposure to MeHg could induce excitotoxicity and oxidative damage in cerebral cortex while TP might antagonize the MeHg-induced neurotoxicity. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 21:, 2011.
    Environmental Toxicology 01/2012; · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Occupational or environmental exposure to excessive Mn would cause manganism, which is resembled Parkinson disease. However, the mechanism underlying manganism is still unknown. It had been documented that astrocytes play important roles in physiological function in brain. Therefore, in the present study, the cultured astrocytes were exposed to 0, 125, 250, and 500 μM MnCl(2), and cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, morphological change, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis were determined. In addition, 100 μM riluzole (a glutamatergic modulator) was pretreated for 6 h before no MnCl(2) exposure or 500 μM MnCl(2) exposure. The results showed that cell viability inhibited, LDH leakage elevated, morphology injured, G(0)/G(1) phase cell cycle arrested, and apoptosis rate increased in a concentration-dependent manner. Further investigation indicated that riluzole pretreatment reversed cytotoxicity, cell cycle aberration, and apoptosis on astrocytes caused by MnCl(2). These results suggested that MnCl(2) could cause cytotoxicity, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis concentration-dependently; riluzole might antagonize Mn toxicity on astrocytes.
    Biological trace element research 12/2011; 144(1-3):832-42. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As a highly toxic environmental pollutant, methylmercury (MeHg) can cause neurotoxicity in animals and humans. Considering the antioxidant property of grape seed proanthocyanidin extracts (GSPE), this study was aimed to evaluate the effect of GSPE on MeHg-induced neurotoxicity in rats. Rats were exposed to MeHg by intraperitoneal injection (4, 12 μmol/kg, respectively) and GSPE was administered by gavage (250 mg/kg) 2 h later. After a 4-week treatment, phosphate-activated glutaminase, glutamine synthetase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities, glutamate, glutamine, malondialdehyde and glutathione contents in cerebral cortex were measured. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis were also estimated in cells. The results showed that the MeHg-induced neurotoxicity was significantly attenuated. GSPE significantly decreased the production of ROS, counteracted oxidative damage and increased the antioxidants and antioxidant enzymes activities in rats prior to MeHg exposure. Moreover, the effects on the rate of apoptotic cells and the disturbance of glutamate homeostasis were correspondingly modulated. These observations highlighted the potential of GSPE in offering protection against MeHg-induced neurotoxicity.
    Biological trace element research 11/2011; 147(1-3):156-64. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the protective potential of lycopene (Lyc) and proanthocyanidins (PCs) against mercuric chloride (HgCl(2))-induced hepatotoxicity, the study focused on the mechanism of oxidative stress. Firstly, the rats were subcutaneously (s.c.) injected with 0, 2.2, 4.4, and 8.8 μmol/kg HgCl(2). Additionally, 40 mg/kg Lyc and 450 mg/kg PCs were given to the rats intragastrically (i.g.) before exposure to 8.8 μmol/kg HgCl(2). Then, body weight, liver weight coefficient, mercury (Hg) contents, histological feature, ultrastructure, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the liver were measured. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alanine transaminase (ALT) in serum were determined. After exposure to different concentrations of HgCl(2), it was found that Hg contents, pathological and ultrastructure injury, activities of LDH and ALT, apoptosis, and levels of ROS, GSH, and MDA increased and the activities of SOD and GSH-Px decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. Further investigation found that pretreatment with Lyc and PCs inhibited ROS production, protected antioxidant enzymes, and reversed hepatotoxicity. We concluded that Lyc and PCs had hepatoprotective effects on HgCl(2)-induced toxicity by antagonizing oxidative stress in rat liver.
    Biological trace element research 11/2011; 146(2):213-23. · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • HaiBo Yang, ZhaoFa Xu, Wei Liu, Yu Deng, Bin Xu
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate the protection of procyanidins and lycopene from the renal damage induced by mercuric chloride. Rats were treated with either procyanidins or lycopene 2h before HgCl(2) subcutaneously injection, once daily treatment for 2 successive days. In comparison with HgCl(2) group, markers of renal function such as blood urea nitrogen in serum and urinary protein were decreased to (18.45±11.63) mmol/L and (15.93±9.36) mmol/L, (4.54±0.78) g/(g·Cr) and (4.40±1.12) g/(g·Cr). N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase in urine were depressed to (125.49±11.68) U/(g·Cr), (103.73±21.79) U/(g·Cr), (101.99±12.28) U/(g·Cr), and (113.19±23.74) U/(g·Cr), (71.14±21.80) U/(g·Cr), (73.64±21.51) U/(g·Cr) in procyanidins and lycopene groups. Indicators of oxidative stress, for example, Glutathion was reduced to (45.58±9.89) μmol/(g·pro) and (45.33±5.90) μmol/(g·pro), and antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione-peroxidase were enhanced to (43.07±10.97) U/(mg·pro) and (39.94±6.04) U/(mg·pro), (83.85±18.48) U/(mg·pro), and (85.62±12.68) U/(mg·pro). Malondialdehyde was lowered to (0.95±0.12) (μmol/g·pro) and (1.03±0.12) μmol/(g·pro) in procyanidins and lycopene groups. ROS generation was decreased by 27.63% and 16.40% and apoptosis was also decreased in procyanidins and lycopene groups respectively. Pathological changes were much better as well. Procyanidins and Lycopene play some protective role against mercury kidney damage.
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 10/2011; 24(5):550-9. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mercury (Hg) is an occupational and environmental contaminant that is a well-recognized health hazard. To approach the concrete mechanisms of mercury nephrotoxicity and find out a new way to prevent it, the rats were subcutaneously injected with different dosages of mercuric chloride (HgCl(2))--0, 2.2, 4.4, and 8.8 μmol/kg. The levels of Hg, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine protein, glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were investigated, and the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis and the pathological changes were also observed. In addition, the effects of 1 mmol/kg tea polyphenols (TP) and 0.04 mmol/kg schisandrin B (Sch B) were studied at 8.8 μmol/kg HgCl(2). It was observed that the levels of Hg, BUN, urine protein, GSH, and MDA and activities of NAG, ALP, and LDH increased significantly; the activities of SOD and GSH-Px decreased significantly; the levels of ROS and apoptosis increased obviously; and many pathological changes occurred dose-dependently in the HgCl(2) injection groups. Further investigation indicated that pretreatment with TP and Sch B significantly reversed the toxic effects of HgCl(2). These results suggested that TP and Sch B might antagonize the nephrotoxicity caused by HgCl(2) exposure.
    Biological trace element research 03/2011; 143(3):1651-65. · 1.92 Impact Factor