Commercial serological tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) show poor sensitivity and specificity, and a new approach to antigen screening is required to improve the accuracy of serodiagnosis.
Using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we evaluated the responses of IgG and IgM antibodies to the recombinant PstS1-LEP protein expressed in Escherichia coli, a polyprotein of PstS1 and line multi-epitopes polypeptide (LEP).
The mixture of anti-human IgG and IgM added to a well [Ig(G + M)], which was different from the combination of IgG and IgM (IgG + IgM), had a stronger immunoreactivity to PstS1-LEP than the single antibody. IgG and Ig(G + M), but not IgM against the PstS1-LEP protein effectively distinguished TB patients from patients with nontuberculous pulmonary disease (NTBPD) and healthy controls (HCs). Compared with IgG, the sensitivities of Ig(G + M) and IgG + IgM varied from 71.4% to 77.6% and 72.7% in pulmonary TB (PTB) patients and from 42.1% to 64.0% and 55.8% in extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) patients, respectively. The specificity of Ig(G + M) did not decrease, and was higher than that provided by IgG + IgM in HCs with positive tuberculin skin test.
These findings suggest that PstS1-LEP can act as a candidate for detecting Ig(G + M) in serum from PTB and EPTB patients.
To observe the ratio of Tim-1(+)CD19(+) B cell in the peripheral blood of kidney transplantation recipients and elucidate its functions.
From December 2009 to June 2010, a total of 35 pairs of kidney transplant recipients were selected and divided into 3 groups: healthy donors as control (n = 35), pre-transplantation (n = 35) and post-transplantation (n = 35). The profiles of Tim-1(+)CD19(+) B cell in kidney transplantation donors and recipients were analyzed and sorted by flow cytometry (FCM). Mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) was carried out between kidney transplantation donors and recipients. After the additions of Tim-1(+)CD19(+) and Tim-1(-)CD19(+) B cells, there were 3 groups: Tim-1(+), Tim-1(-) and blank. Lymphocyte proliferation and inhibition status were evaluated by propidium iodide uptake and Annexin V binding. And the cytokine levels were detected by FCM.
The absolute values of peripheral CD19(+)B cells were (170 ± 90), (202 ± 99), (155 ± 71) cells/µl in the pre-transplantation, post-transplantation and control groups respectively, post-transplantation group were higher than control group (P = 0.0300). The Tim-1(+)CD19(+) cell ratios were (2.20 ± 0.98)%, (35.46 ± 10.66)% and (1.95 ± 0.95)% in three groups. And the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.01). Tim-1(+)CD19(+) B and Tim-1(-)CD19(+) B cells were added into MLC respectively. The early apoptotic cells of the Tim-1(+) group were higher than those in the Tim-1(-) group [(45.31 ± 12.37)% vs (10.92 ± 2.14)%, P < 0.05] and significantly higher than the blank group [(1.93 ± 0.26)%, P < 0.01]. Late apoptotic and dead cells of the Tim-1(+) group were higher than those in the Tim-1(-) group [(21.32 ± 5.67)% vs (2.32 ± 0.31)%, P < 0.01] and the blank group [(1.27 ± 0.19)%, P < 0.05]. The interleukin 10 levels in MLC supernatant of the Tim-1(+) group were significantly higher than those in the Tim-1(-) group [(5.32 ± 0.37) pg/ml vs (2.46 ± 0.25) pg/ml, P = 0.0001]. However, the interferon-γ levels were lower than those in the Tim-1(-) group [(1.51 ± 0.22) pg/ml vs (4.69 ± 0.32) pg/ml, P = 0.0015].
Present in the peripheral blood of kidney transplantation recipients, Tim-1(+)CD19(+) B cell has the capacity of promoting lymphocytic apoptosis. As a new regulatory subset of B cells, it plays important roles in the immune responses of transplantation.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2011; 91(48):3388-92.
To establish ELISA method for quantitate the concentration of cystatin C (cys C) and to monitor the renal function of patients before and after renal transplantation.
Hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against human cys C were produced and sandwich ELISA kit for quantitatively detecting cys C was established. Then the concentrations of serum cystatin C (Scys C) and urine cystatin C (Ucys C) from normal controls and 23 patients undergoing renal transplantation were detected and their relationship with serum creatinine (SCR) was analyzed.
Seven hybridomas secreting anti-cys C mAbs were obtained. The sensitivity of the established ELISA kit reached 0.1 μg/L. The concentrations of Scys C and Ucys C of normal healthy controls were in accordance with other report. High correlations between Scys C or Ucys C and the level of SCR were observed (P<0.01). Rapid decline of Scys C and Ucys C concentrations was consistent with the decrease of SCR in the patients with normal course (NC) recovery after renal transplantation. However, Ucys C kept higher level within two weeks after the operation in patients with AR until the day 21. In patients with DGF, higher levels of Scys C, Ucys C and SCR were sustained within four weeks after renal transplantation.
The sensitive ELISA kit for detection of cys C has been established. Importantly, there are the persistently high levels of Scys C and Ucys C in patients with AR or DGF, which can be used as a novel indicator for monitoring renal function after renal transplantation.
Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 11/2010; 26(11):1140-2.