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ABSTRACT: To study the correlation between polymorphisms of genes with susceptibility to tuberculosis and the clinical characteristics of tuberculosis in Han population.
Four hundred and fifty-nine tuberculosis inpatients of Han population in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from Jan 2007 to Dec 2008 were recruited. The clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (gender, fever, extent of lesions, cavity formation, hemoptysis, initial treatment and retreatment) were observed. The polymorphisms of VDR gene (variants in FokI and TaqI), NRAMP1 gene (variants in INT4, D543N and 3 UTR), MBL gene (variants in HL, YX and QP) and IFNG gene (variants in 874AT) were genotyped by a variety of SNP genotyping techniques. The correlation between polymorphisms of genes with susceptibility to tuberculosis and the clinical characteristics of the disease was analyzed by ANOVAs.
The frequency of CC, CT and TT variants of FokI in VDR gene in cases with fever were 54.7% (29/53), 13.2% (7/53) and 32.1% (17/53), respectively, compared to 40.6% (52/128), 30.5% (39/128) and 28.9% (37/128) in cases without fever, the difference being significant (χ² = 6.183, P < 0.05). In patients with CT variants, 15.2% (7/46) had fever, while in patients with non-CT variants, 34.1% (46/135) had fever (χ² = 5.891, P < 0.05), suggesting that patients with CT variants were less likely to have fever. The frequencies of TT + TC and CC variants of QP in the MBL gene in initial treatment cases were 28.3% (60/212) and 71.7% (152/212), respectively, compared to 19.1% (41/215) and 80.9% (174/215) in retreatment cases, the difference being significant (χ² = 5.038, P < 0.05). No significant correlation was observed between the other variants and the clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (χ² = 0.001 - 2.732, P > 0.05).
The polymorphisms of FokI in VDR gene was associated with fever among the clinical characteristics of tuberculosis, and patients with CT variants might be protected from fever. The polymorphisms of QP in MBL gene might be associated with recurrence of tuberculosis.
Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 12/2011; 34(12):923-8.