Guo-Bin Wang

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (35)23.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. Due to its intricate initiation and progression mechanisms, early detection and effective treatment of gastric cancer are difficult to achieve. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is characterized as a fundamental process that is critical for embryonic development, wound healing and fibrotic disease. Recent evidence has established that aberrant EMT activation in the human stomach is closely associated with gastric carcinogenesis and tumor progression. EMT activation endows gastric epithelial cells with increased characteristics of mesenchymal cells and reduces their epithelial features. Moreover, mesenchymal cells tend to dedifferentiate and acquire stem cell or tumorigenic phenotypes such as invasion, metastasis and apoptosis resistance as well as drug resistance during EMT progression. There are a number of molecules that indicate the stage of EMT (e.g., E-cadherin, an epithelial cell biomarker); therefore, certain transcriptional proteins, especially E-cadherin transcriptional repressors, may participate in the regulation of EMT. In addition, EMT regulation may be associated with certain epigenetic mechanisms. The aforementioned molecules can be used as early diagnostic markers for gastric cancer, and EMT regulation can provide potential targets for gastric cancer therapy. Here, we review the role of these aspects of EMT in gastric cancer initiation and development.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2014; 20(18):5403-5410. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single-incision laparoscopy has recently become a popular procedure in pediatric surgery. The current series is the largest study to evaluate the operative complications and results of single-incision laparoscopic endorectal pull-through (SILEP) for the treatment of HD through a retrospective comparison with conventional laparoscopic endorectal pull-through (CLEP). Twenty eight patients who underwent single-incision laparoscopic endorectal pull-through for HD between July 2010 and August 2011 were compared to thirty patients who underwent CLEP. Patient age, gender, transitional zone, operative time, blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative complications, as well as short-term results, were assessed. A total of 28 patients were included for SILEP, and historical reported 30 patients were completed by CLEP. The SILEP and CLEP groups were similar in regard to age, gender, transition zone, operative time, blood loss, hospital stay, and intraoperative complications. Postoperative results were not different, including equal daily defecation frequency and early postoperative complications. No patients with recurrent constipation were seen. Two patients with the transitional zone in the descending colon in the SILEP group had a 3mm trocar added in the left abdomen, and there were no conversions in the conventional laparoscopic group. We have shown that in selected HD patients, the SILEP technique was safe and technically feasible in experienced hands. It results in similar operative results compared with conventional laparoscopic endorectal pull-through. However, the operation is more difficult if the transition zone was higher than the rectosigmoid.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 09/2013; 48(9):1919-23. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic transanal coloanal anastomosis (modified Parks procedure) in sphincter-preserving surgery for low rectal carcinoma. Clinical data of 65 low rectal cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic modified Parks procedure from March 2009 to April 2012 in our department were reviewed retrospectively. Fecal continence, urination and sexual function were evaluated. All the patients were followed up from 6 to 38 months after operation. Anastomotic leakage was found in 2 cases, anastomotic stricture in 3 cases, hepatic metastasis in 1 case. No local recurrence occurred. The ratio of satisfactory defecation function was 61.5%(40/65) in six months, 84.2%(48/57) in 1 year and 88.9%(40/45) in 2 years respectively. Urinary dysfunction was found in 7 patients(10.8%). Among 36 male patients, 7(19.4%) presented erectile dysfunction and 10(27.8%) ejaculation dysfunction. Among 29 female patients, sexual life of 19(65.5%) was satisfactory. Laparoscopic modified Parks procedure in sphincter-preserving surgery for low rectal cancer can increase the ratio of sphincter-preserving, and improve the functional outcomes of defecation, sex and urination.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 08/2013; 16(8):727-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of enteral nutrition as replacement of mechanical bowel preparation on peritoneal and intraluminal disseminated tumor cells, recurrence and metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer. A total of 120 colorectal cancer patients between March 2007 and December 2011 were enrolled prospectively and randomly divided into two groups. Group A(n=60) received preoperative bowel preparation with enteral nutrition fluid( 30 ml·kg(-1)·d(-1)), without enema, taxative or antibiotics. Group B(n=60) underwent traditional intestinal preparation consecutively 3 days before operation, including fasting, oral antibiotic, and cleaning enema. All the patients received peritoneal lavage with 400 ml of normal saline at the time of laparotomy and 200 ml of the lavage fluid was collected. All the cases underwent distal colorectal lavage with 1000 ml of normal saline before anastomosis, and 500 ml of the lavage fluid was collected. Fluid samples were quickly sent for exfoliated cytological examination. The positive rates of exfoliated cancer cell in peritoneal cavity and intraluminal cavity, postoperative complication, recurrence and metastasis were compared between the two groups. In group A, exfoliated cancer cells were found in 5 of 60 cases(8.3%) in peritoneal lavage fluid and in 9 of 60 cases(15.0%) in distal colorectal lavage fluid, while in group B, cancer cells were found in 13 of 60 cases(12.5%) and 19 of 60 cases(31.7%) respectively. There were significant differences between group A and B(P=0.041, P=0.031). Fifty-five patients in group A were followed up from16 to 46 months after surgery, as well 57 patients in group B. Rates of lacal recurrence and distant metastasis in Group A and B were 5.5% vs. 7.0% and 10.9% vs. 10.5% respectively. There were no significant differences(P=0.733, P=0.984). There was no significant difference in 3-year survival rate between the two groups(80% vs. 78%, P=0.312). Enteral nutrition instead of traditional bowel preparation can decrease the positive rate of disseminated cancer cells in peritoneal cavity or colorectal lumen, while dose not affect recurrence and metastasis rates in patients with colorectal cancer.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 04/2013; 16(4):350-3.
  • Zhao Peng, Ke Wu, Qiang Tong, Guo-Bin Wang
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To identify the expression of DOG-1 in gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GIST) and to explore its potential association with clinicopathological features of GIST. METHODS: Two tissue microarrays(TMA) were used for the study. Each TMA contained 80 tissue samples of GIST from 80 different patients, with each tumor represented by one core, and paraffin-embedded sections of 40 samples from normal gastrointestinal tissue were used as control. Immunohistochemistry staining(SABC method) was performed on TMA and paraffin-embedded sections to detected the expression of c-Kit(CD117) and DOG-1. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry showed that in 80 GIST patients, 76 cases(95.0%) were DOG-1 positive and 67 cases(83.8%) were CD117 positive. The positive rate of DOG-1 was higher than that of CD117(P<0.05). In 13 GIST samples of negative CD117, the positive rate of DOG-1 was 100%. Expressions of both DOG-1 and CD117 were negative in all the 40 samples of normal gastrointestinal tissue. The positive expression of DOG-1 and CD117 was not significantly different in spindle cell type(96.0% vs. 96.0%, P>0.05) and in mixed cell type(91.7% vs. 75.0%, P>0.05). While in the epithelioid cell type, the DOG-1 expression was higher than CD117 expression(94.1% vs. 52.9%, P<0.05). The positive expression of DOG-1 and CD117 was not associated with age, gender, location and risk stratification of the tumors(all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DOG-1 expression is up-regulated in gastrointestinal stromal tumors, especially in epithelioid cell GIST, and may be used as a new marker in the diagnosis of GIST.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 03/2013; 16(3):256-259.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. To study the effects of estrogen on colon polyp formation, proliferation, and angiogenesis on a rat model of colon cancer induced by dimethylhydrazine (DMH). Methods. Thirty-six female ovariectomized (OVX) rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: (I) control group (administrated with vehicles weekly), (II) DMH group (administrated with DMH weekly), and (III) DMH + E2 group (administrated with DMH and 17β-estradiol weekly). The incidence, volumes, and multiplicity of colon polyps in each group were evaluated. The microvessel density (MVD), the expressions of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA), and the expressions of HIF-1 α and VEGF in polyps were detected in each group. Results. Estrogen reduced the multiplicity, volumes, and the PCNA expressions of DMH-induced colon polyps. The MVD in DMH + E2 group was significantly lower than that in DMH group. Estrogen treatment decreased the HIF-1 α and VEGF expressions at both mRNA and protein level. Conclusion. Estrogen replacement was protective for ovariectomized rats from DMH-induced carcinogenesis, and one of the mechanisms for this was due to estrogen's inhibitive effects on blood vessel formation by downregulating VEGF and HIF-1 α expressions.
    International Journal of Endocrinology 01/2013; 2013:453898. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report early and late results of laparoscopic-assisted endorectal Soave pull-through (LAEPT) with a short and V-shaped partial resection muscular cuff for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) over a 10-year period. The clinical courses of 218 patients who underwent modified LAEPT for HD were reviewed. LAEPT was described by the Georgeson technique. The main modifications included less dissection of the bottom of the pelvis, rectal mucosa dissection with a long cuff, coloanal anastomosis with a short cuff, and a V-shaped partial resection in the posterior wall of the muscular cuff. From September 1999 to July 2009, 218 patients were operated on by the same surgeon. Ages ranged from 15 days to 12 years old. The aganglionic segment was located in the rectum or sigmoid colon in 176 patients, in the left colon in 38 children, and in the transverse colon in 4 patients. The median operating time was 176 minutes. Conversion to open surgery was required in 2 patients. Bleeding of the left iliac vein occurred in 1 patient, and a 180° twist of the neorectum occurred in 2 cases. Median first bowel movement time was 23 hours, and median postoperative hospital stay was 10.4 days. Median daily defecation frequency was 4.6 within 2 weeks and 2.3 at 3 months postoperatively. The immediate postoperative complications included intestine herniation from the trocar site in 2 patients, perianal excoriation in 32 patients, and anastomotic leakage in 3 patients. Follow-up ranging from 6 to 120 months was obtained for 182 patients. Late postoperative complications included postoperative adhesive bowel obstruction (1.1%), enterocolitis (7.7%), anasomostic stenosis (2.2%), constipation (1.6%), and soiling (3.6%). Eighty-seven percent had excellent and good bowel function. LAEPT with a short muscular cuff with a V-shaped partial resection in the posterior wall is a safe and effective procedure for HD.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 04/2012; 22(3):280-4. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transanal endorectal pull-through was described by De la Torre-Mondragon's technique. In the original transanal pull-through procedure, a long rectal muscular cuff was dissected and left for anocolic anastomosis, which would sometimes lead to postoperative obstructive symptoms and enterocolitis. While a modified short mucosal dissection may increase the risk of injury to pelvic and perirectal nerves and other structures when dissected on the outside of the rectum deep in the pelvis. We report early and late results of the modified transanal procedure for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) over 8 years. The clinical course of all children with aganglionic rectum or sigmoid colon receiving the modified transanal pull-through between May 2003 and April 2011 were reviewed. The main modifications were rectal mucosa dissection with a long cuff, coloanal anastomosis with a short cuff and a V-shaped partial resection in the posterior wall of the muscular cuff. Children with preliminary stoma or total colonic disease were excluded. Short- and long-term follow-up was obtained in 137 patients with HD operated upon by the same surgeon. The aganglionic segment was located in the rectum or sigmoid colon in all patients. The mean age at surgery was 165 ± 74 days. The mean operating time was 108 ± 38 min. Mean intra-operative blood loss was estimated to be 15 ± 10 ml. No patient required a blood transfusion. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 7 ± 2 days. Early postoperative complications included perianal excoriation in 38 patients (27.7 %), enterocolitis in two patients (1.4 %), and anastomotic leak in two patients (1.4 %). Late postoperative complications included perianal excoriation in 16 patients (11.7 %), anal stricture in two patients (1.4 %), constipation in four patients (2.8 %), enterocolitis in 10 patients (7.3 %), and soiling problems in six patients (4.4 %). Mean follow-up was 56 months (6 months-9 years). In patients older than 4 years, 85.4 % of them had excellent/good bowel function, 9.4 % had fair bowel function, and 5.2 % of patients had bad bowel function. Transanal endorectal pull-through with a long cuff dissection and a short V-shaped resected cuff anastomosis is a safe and effective procedure for HD. It reduced incidence of anastomotic stricture and constipation without an increased soiling incidence.
    Pediatric Surgery International 03/2012; 28(5):515-21. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognostic factors of gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST). Clinicopathological data of 217 GIST patients from January 2005 to September 2010 in Wuhan Union Hospital were analyzed retrospectively and the prognostic factors were evaluated. There were 103 males and 114 females with a median age of 55 years old. Two hundred and thirteen patients underwent R0 resection and 4 R1 resection due to extensive invasion. Thirty-five patients underwent laparoscopic resection. Forty-eight patients received imatinib mesylate therapy after surgery. A total of 178 patients(82.0%) were followed up for 3 to 74 months. Sixteen patients(9.0%) developed recurrence or metastasis. Logistic regression analysis showed that tumor location (OR=2.547, 95% CI:1.466-4.424) and mitotic count(OR=6.556, 95% CI:2.974-14.449) were independent factors for post-operative recurrence or metastasis. Five patients survived with tumor, and 11 patients(6.2%) died of GIST including intestineal GIST(n=7) and extraintestinal GIST(n=4). Cox regression analysis showed that the mitotic count (RR=2.654, 95% CI:1.094-6.438) and post-operative recurrence or metastasis (RR=32.988, 95% CI:3.879-280.529) were independent prognostic factors. Tumor location and mitotic count are independent risk factors for post-operaive recurrence or metastasis in GIST. Mitotic count and post-operative recurrence or metastasis are independent indicators of poor prognosis. Surgical radical resection combined with targeted therapy can acheive satisfactory outcomes in patients with GIST.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 03/2012; 15(3):251-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity has been reported to increase the risk of colorectal cancer, which may due to aberrant lipid metabolism. And recently findings of monoacylglycerol lipase provide a novel evidence in the correlation of obesity and cancer. So in this study, we investigated the effect of MAGL in regulation of tumor growth in colorectal cancer. MAGL expression in tumor tissues was estimated, and then JZL184 and siRNA were used to knockdown the expression of MAGL in colorectal cancer cells. Cell viability and invasion were detected to estimate the influence of MAGL knocked down in vitro and vivo. Then cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle transition and screening of candidate genes were performed for further exploring of the effect mediated by MAGL knocked down. It was noted that the expression of MAGL was highly elevated in tumor tissues, however, it was found only significantly correlated with the BMI index. Tumor cells' growth and invasion was significantly inhibited in vitro and in vivo induced by pharmacological and siRNA mediated MAGL knocked down. Cell proliferation was reduced and apoptosis was increased. And two target genes Cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 seemed to be repressed by MAGL knocked down. This study demonstrated colorectal cancer cells growth can be inhibited via knockdown of MAGL, which manipulate tumor cells proliferation and apoptosis by downregulation of Cyclin D1 and Bcl-2. It provides a novel therapeutic target in treatment of colorectal cancer and a further support for the correlation of obesity and colorectal cancer.
    Cancer letters 08/2011; 307(1):6-17. · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical value of laparoscopy-assisted modified Soave procedure for Hirschsprung disease in adults. Twenty-eight patients with a preoperative diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease underwent laparoscopy-assisted modified Soave procedure between March 2005 and December 2009. Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. There were no conversions to open surgery. The mean operative time was (165±12) minutes (range: 135-185 minutes). Estimated blood loss ranged from 50 to 250 ml, and no patients required intraoperative blood transfusion. Postoperative pathologic examination showed Hirschsprung diseases in 19 patients and Hirschsprung allied diseases in 9. Only two patients developed rectal cuff infection and three mild seepage. Other patients had no postoperative complications. The mean hospital stay was (17.5±1.0) days. No fecal incontinence or recurrent constipation occurred during follow-up. Laparoscopy- assisted modified Soave procedure is safe and effective for Hirschsprung disease.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 11/2010; 13(11):839-41.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of IL-1beta on the expression of CDX2 in human gastric epithelial cell line GES-1 and its role in the intestinal metaplasia. GES-1 cells were treated with IL-1beta in different concentrations and the expressions of CDX2 mRNA and protein were detected by real-time PCR, immunocytochemistry and Western blot at different time points. GES-1 cells were then pre-treated with NF-KappaB pathway inhibitor PDTC, and the expression of CDX2 mRNA and protein induced by IL-1beta were detected. The cell ultra-structure of GES-1 cells was observed by electronic microscope after GES-1 being treated with IL-1beta for 25 days. Levels of CDX2 mRNA and protein were 0.0749 + or - 0.0021 and 0.56 + or - 0.04 in the cells treated with 1 microg/L IL-1beta(P<0.05). After pre-treatment with PDTC, levels of CDX2 mRNA and protein were 0.0006 + or - 0.0002 and 0.40 + or - 0.06(P<0.05). Some changes in the cell ultra-structure of GES-1 were found by electronic microscope when GES-1 was treated with IL-1beta for 25 days. IL-1beta can stimulate CDX2 mRNA and protein expression in GES-1 cells through the NF-KappaB signal pathway, indicating that IL-1beta plays an important role in the intestinal metaplasia.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 07/2010; 13(7):524-7.
  • Yan Liu, Kai-xiong Tao, Guo-bin Wang
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of perioperative total parenteral nutrition on cyclin D1, recurrence and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells. A total of 120 patients with colorectal carcinoma were randomly divided into two groups, namely group A(total parenteral nutrition, TPN,60 cases) and group B(non total parenteral nutrition, NTPN, 60 cases). In group A, the patients were given with TPN(including glucose, intralipid, amino acid, and vitamins, etc.) for 10 days perioperation (7 days preoperatively and 3 days postoperatively). In group B, the patients did not receive any nutrition support perioperative nutrition support. The samples were obtained by colonoscopy preoperatively or during operation. Apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) technique,expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) by immunohistochemical staining, and the expression of cyclin D1 by in situ hybridization. The apoptotic index (AI), the proliferating index (PI), and the expression of cyclin D1 were calculated perioperatively and postoperatively. After perioperative nutrition support, the expression rates of cyclin D1, PI and AI in group A and group B were (35.23+/-5.12)% and (37.53+/-5.31)%, (7.21+/-2.56)% and (8.75+/-3.84)%, (53.45+/-7.74)% and (56.74+/-8.02)% respectively. There were no significant difference of PI, AI and the expression of cyclin D1(all P>0.05) between two groups. The 3-year recurrent rates in two groups were 16.7% and 15.0%( P>0.05). Perioperative TPN can not promote proliferation and apoptosis of carcinoma cells, and has no significant impact on the expression of cyclin D1, recurrence or metastasis of colorectal cancer.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 06/2010; 13(6):433-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Open colectomy has been preferred for intestinal neuronal dysplasia type B (IND) due to its low morbidity rate and good functional results. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and results of laparoscopic colectomy with transanal Soave pull-through for the treatment of IND in children. Seventeen infants and children suffering from IND were treated by laparoscopic extensive colectomy with transanal Soave pull-through. The diagnosis of IND was made via anorectal manometry, X-ray contrast enema, suction biopsies, and laparoscopic full-thickness biopsies with hematoxylin-eosin staining. The technique used four or five abdominal ports. The sigmoid, transverse, and right colon up to the last ileal cove were mobilized laparoscopically in the extended form of IND. A modified Soave's anastomosis was performed. The patients' data, surgical procedures, operative data, postoperative complications and clinical outcomes were analyzed. Five patients underwent laparoscopic left colectomy with modified transanal Soave procedures, and the other 12 were treated by laparoscopic subtotal colectomy and required a Deloyers' maneuver for the Soave pull-through. The proximal margin of barium stagnation in patients with left colectomy was restricted to the distal end of the descending colon, sigmoid colon, and that in patients with subtotal colectomy was restricted to the proximal end of the descending colon, transverse colon, hepatic flexure, and ascending colon. Postoperative complications included anastomotic leakage, severe perianal erosions, postoperative enterocolitis, and soiling. During a mean follow-up of 4 years, bowel frequency was 4-10 times per day in 3 months postoperatively in patients with subtotal colectomy. The clinical results were good, with no stool incontinence or constipation. Laparoscopic procedure for left colectomy and subtotal colectomy with transanal Soave pull-through in infants and children with IND is safe, feasible, and effective. The location of barium stagnation in proximal margin may be used as a method to predict initially the proximal margin of the resected bowel segment.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 02/2010; 6(1):50-4. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antibody-targeted superantigen has been developed into a new strategy to treat many malignant tumors. In this study, for specific targeting to gastric cancer cell, superantigen SEB (Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B) was genetically fused to the single-chain variable fragment of gastric carcinoma-associated antibody MG7(MG7-scFv) that recognizes the MG7 antigen frequently expressed in gastric cancer cell. The recombinant MG7-scFv/SEB fusion proteins are expressed in E. coli as inclusion bodies, and the purified MG7-scFv/SEB retains high binding affinity with gastric cancer cell SGC-7901 (positive MG7 antigen expression). When incubated with effector cell-peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), MG7-scFv/SEB could effectively inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of SGC-7901. After being treated with MG7-scFv/SEB, PBMCs remarkably increased the production of Th1 cytokines (IFN-gamma, IL-2), and slightly increased the production of Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-10) in vitro. It was observed that gastric-tumor-bearing rats administrated with MG7-scFv/SEB showed more inflammatory cell infiltration, more significant tumor inhibition, and longer survival time than those of rats treated with SEB or NS (Normal Saline). The data indicated that MG7-scFv/SEB fusion protein could specifically target gastric cancer cell, enhance the activity of T cells and induce tumor cell apoptosis to exert the antitumor effect on gastric cancer.
    BioMed Research International 01/2010; 2010:121094. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    Ren-Hu Sun, Guo-Bin Wang, Jiang Li, Jing Cui
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    ABSTRACT: Chemokine receptor CCR7 is up-regulated in gastrointestinal carcinomas and is significantly associated with lymphatic invasion and lymph node metastasis. This study was to investigate the role and mechanism of CCL21/CCR7 in invasion of colorectal carcinoma cell line SW480. The invasive capacity of SW480 cells was examined using Wound healing assay and Transwell assay. Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was measured by Western blot. SW480 cells were pre-incubated with CCL21 for 2 h before exposure to VP-16 (20 ng/mL). Cell proliferation was measured using MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry and Hoechst33258 staining. Compared to the control group, more cells in the CCL21 treatment group migrated into the gap at same time points; the count of SW480 cells penetrating through the membrane after the treatment of 100ng/mL CCL21 increased significantly [(113+/-7) vs. (48+/-4)] (P<0.05); and the relative expression of MMP-9 in the CCL21 treatment group was enhanced evidently [(0.83+/-0.02) vs. (0.38+/-0.01)] (P<0.05). Although CCL21 alone did not promote proliferation of SW480 cells, pre-incubation of cells with 100ng/mL CCL21 attenuated the inhibitory effect of VP-16 on proliferation of SW480 from 68.3% to 47.4%, and reduced the apoptotic rate from (65.2+/-5.2)% to (48.7+/-3.1)%. CCL21 enhances the invasive ability of SW480 cells, induces MMP-9 expression, and promotes the survival of SW480 cells under the suboptimal circumstance in vitro.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 08/2009; 28(7):708-13.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of siRNA targeting Livin and Survivin gene simultaneously on the proliferation and apoptosis of human colon cancer cells. SiRNA recombinant expression vectors targeting Livin and Survivin gene simultaneously were constructed and transfected into human colon cancer cell line Lovo. The effects of siRNA recombinant expression vector on Lovo cells were detected by RT-PCR, Western blot, MTT reduction assay and flow cytometry. It was confirmed by restriction endonuclease and sequence analysis that siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting Livin and Survivin gene simultaneously was constructed successfully. The suppressive rates of siRNA targeting Livin and Survivin gene simultaneously on Livin mRNA and protein expression were 27.9% and 22.3% respectively, and those on Survivin mRNA and protein expression were 32.2% and 40.9% respectively. The survival rate of cancer cells was decreased whereas the apoptotic rate was increased, but the coordinate repression was weaker than Livin and Survivin RNA interference alone. siRNA targeting Livin and Survivin gene simultaneously can decrease the expression of Livin and Survivin gene, suppress cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis in human colon cancer. The coordinate repression was weaker than Livin and Survivin RNA interference alone.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 08/2009; 12(4):399-403.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to maximize the efficiency and versatility of the vector-based siRNA approach, we have developed a novel siRNA expression vector containing multiple tandem siRNA cassettes to investigate the synergistic inhibitory effect of it on human colon cancer cells proliferation. Multiple siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting simultaneously Livin and Survivin genes was constructed and transfected into human colon cancer cell. The effect of multiple siRNA recombinant expression vector was detected by RT-PCR, Western blotting and flow cytometry. It was confirmed by restriction endonuclease and sequence analysis that multiple siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting simultaneously Livin and Survivin genes was constructed successfully. Livin and Survivin genes inhibition ratio of Livin and Survivin siRNA at mRNA levels were 27.90% and 32.24%, at protein levels were 22.28% and 40.86%, the apoptotic ratio was (11.69 +/- 1.37) %, but the synergistic effect was weaker than Livin and Survivin RNA interference, respectively. The multiple siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting simultaneously Livin and Survivin genes has been constructed successfully. It can inhibit the expression of Livin and Survivin genes in human colon cancer cells, but the synergistic effect was weaker than Livin and Survivin RNA interferences, respectively.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 07/2009; 44(7):741-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA) recombinant expression vector targeting survivin gene on chemotherapy sensitivity of human colon cancer cells to 5-fluorouracil. siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting survivin gene was constructed and transfected into human colon cancer cell lines LOVO. After 48 hours of transfection, cells were harvested for analysis of survivin mRNA and protein expressions using RT-PCR and Western blot. In addition, after human colon cancer cell lines were treated with Survivin siRNA and/or 5-fluorouracil, MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to analyze cell proliferation and apoptosis. Restriction endonuclease analysis confirmed that siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting survivin gene was successfully constructed. Inhibitory ratios of survivin mRNA and protein expressions by Survivin siRNA were 36.33% and 44.65%, respectively. Survivin siRNA combined with 5-fluorouracil significantly increased the cell proliferation inhibitory ratio and apoptosis ratio compared with 5-fluorouracil treating alone (P<0.05). The siRNA recombinant expression vector targeting survivin gene can inhibit the expression of survivin gene, and enhance chemotherapy sensitivity of human colon cancer cells to 5-fluorouracil.
    Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 07/2009; 24(2):97-101.
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    ABSTRACT: The magnetic responsibility and antitumor effect of magnetic gemcitabine stealth nano-liposomes (MGSL) on breast cancer cell line MCF-7 in vitro and in vivo was evaluated. The magnetic response and targeting effect of MGSL in vivo were investigated. Morphological feature and ultrastructure changes of apoptosis of MCF-7 cells were observed. The effect of MGSL on proliferation inhibitory rate of MCF-7 cells was measured with MTT method. The FCM analysis was carried out to examine the cell cycle distribution and cell apoptotic rate. The antitumor effect on human breast cancer xenografts in nude mice was also studied. MGSL was able to converge at the targeting tissue under tridimensional magnetic field and the gemcitabine concentration around it increased, while the amount of gemcitabine in other organs decreased, such as in kidneys and heart. MCF-7 cell line was sensitive to MGSL and the cytotoxity was correlated with the loaded drug dose. The effect of MGSL on apoptosis of MCF-7 was obvious and the rate of apoptosis was 51.62%. The growth speed of tumor in the group of MGSL (+) significantly slowed down than that of other groups. MGSL prepared by reverse-phase evaporation method met with the demand of targeted delivery system, and it might be an effective antitumor agent.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 03/2009; 44(2):181-7.