[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myotubularin related protein 2 (MTMR2) is a member of the myotubularin family of phosphoinositide lipid phosphatases. Although MTMR2 dephosphorylates the phosphoinositides PI(3)P and PI(3,5)P2, the phosphoinositide binding proteins that are regulated by MTMR2 are poorly characterized. In this study, phosphoinositide affinity chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry identified receptor mediated endocytosis 8 (RME-8) as a novel PI(3)P binding protein. RME-8 co-localized with the PI(3)P marker DsRed-FYVE, while the N-terminal region of RME-8 is required for PI(3)P and PI(3,5)P(2) binding in vitro. Depletion of PI(3)P by MTMR2 S58A or wortmannin treatment attenuated RME-8 endosomal localization and co-localization with EGFR on early endosomes. Our results suggest a model in which the localization of RME-8 to endosomal compartments is spatially mediated by PI(3)P binding and temporally regulated by MTMR2 activity.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MTMR2 is a member of the myotubularin family of inositol lipid phosphatases, a large protein-tyrosine phosphatase subgroup that is conserved from yeast to humans. Furthermore, the peripheral neuromuscular disease Charcot-Marie Tooth disease type 4B has been attributed to mutations in the mtmr2 gene. Because the molecular mechanisms regulating MTMR2 have been poorly defined, we investigated whether reversible phosphorylation might regulate MTMR2 function. We used mass spectrometry-based methods to identify a high stoichiometry phosphorylation site on serine 58 of MTMR2. Phosphorylation at Ser(58), or a phosphomimetic S58E mutation, markedly decreased MTMR2 localization to endocytic vesicular structures. In contrast, a phosphorylation-deficient MTMR2 mutant (S58A) displayed constitutive localization to early endocytic structures. This localization pattern was accompanied by displacement of a PI(3)P-specific sensor protein and an increase in signal transduction pathways. Thus, MTMR2 phosphorylation is likely to be a critical mechanism by which MTMR2 access to its lipid substrate(s) is temporally and spatially regulated, thereby contributing to the control of downstream endosome maturation events.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2011; 286(18):15841-53. · 4.65 Impact Factor