[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In an earlier study in rodents, we showed that the aromatase that converts androgens to estrogens in the preoptic area and bed nucleus of stria terminalis was significantly increased in concentration after exposure to anabolic-androgenic steroids. To confirm whether this occurs in primates, we conducted a positron emission tomographic study using macaque monkeys. Male rhesus monkeys were treated with nandrolone decanoate for 3 weeks. To measure aromatase concentrations, we performed positron emission tomographic imaging using a 11C-labeled specific aromatase inhibitor, [11C]vorozole. After treatment with nandrolone, significant increase in [11C]vorozole binding was observed in the hypothalamus but not other areas including the amygdala, which is also aromatase enriched. These findings in monkeys are consistent with those we obtained earlier in rats. These findings strongly suggest that aromatase in the hypothalamus may play a crucial role in the emotional instability of anabolic-androgenic steroids abusers.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A practical method to prepare precursor of [N-methyl-(11)C]vorozole ([(11)C]vorozole), an efficient positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for imaging aromatase in the living body, was established. Sufficient amount of the racemate including norvorozole, a demethylated vorozole derivative used as a precursor of [(11)C]vorozole, became available by means of high-yield eight-step synthesis. The enantiomers were separated by preparative HPLC using a chiral stationary phase column to give optically pure norvorozole and its enantiomer. From the latter, ent-[(11)C]vorozole, an enantiomer of [(11)C]vorozole, was prepared and used in the PET study for the first time, which was shown to bind very weakly to aromatase in rhesus monkey brain supporting the previous pharmacological results. The stable supply of norvorozole will facilitate further researches on aromatase in the living body including brain by the PET technique.