ABSTRACT: Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) producing macroadenomas and pituitary apoplexy are unusual in Cushing' s disease. A 20-year-old man who had been diagnosed Cushing' s disease 2 months ago, presented with sudden headache, nausea, and vomiting. His serum cortisol level was 0.4 μg/dl and ACTH level was 23.9 pg/ml. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary gland disclosed a hemorrhage in the pituitary macroadenoma (22×19 mm). He was treated with IV methylprednisolone immediately and then the symptoms were relieved within the first day of the treatment. The hemorrhagic lesion was resected by transsphenoidal surgery successfully. Impaired secretion of pituitary hormones may be seen after the pituitary apoplexy. We communicate a case with pituitary apoplexy of an ACTH secreting pituitary macroadenoma, causing acute glucocorticoid insufficiency.
Endocrine 10/2010; 38(2):143-6. · 1.42 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We aimed to detect the frequency of restricted diffusion in intracerebral metastases and to find whether there is correlation between the primary tumor pathology and diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) findings of these metastases.
87 patients with intracerebral metastases were examined with routine MR imaging and DWI. 11 hemorrhagic metastatic lesions were excluded. The routine MR imaging included three plans before and after contrast enhancement. The DWI was performed with spin-echo EPI sequence with three b values (0, 500 and 1000), and ADC maps were calculated. 76 patients with metastases were grouped according to primary tumor histology and the ratios of restricted diffusion were calculated according to these groups. ADCmin values were measured within the solid components of the tumors and the ratio of metastases with restricted diffusion to that which do not show restricted diffusion were calculated. Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney U tests were used for the statistical analysis.
Restricted diffusion was observed in a total of 15 metastatic lesions (19, 7%). Primary malignancy was lung carcinoma in 10 of these cases (66, 6%) (5 small cell carcinoma, 5 non-small cell carcinoma), and breast carcinoma in three cases (20%). Colon carcinoma and testicular teratocarcinoma were the other two primary tumors in which restricted diffusion in metastasis was detected. There was no statistical significant difference between the primary pathology groups which showed restricted diffusion (p>0.05). ADCmin values of solid components of the metastasis with restricted diffusion and other metastasis without restricted diffusion also showed no significant statistical difference (0.72+/-0.16x10(-3)mm(2)/s and 0.78+/-21x10(-3)mm(2)/s respectively) (p=0.325).
Detection of restricted diffusion on DWI in intracerebral metastasis is not rare, particularly if the primary tumor is lung or breast cancer. However we found that there is no correlation between the metastasis showing restricted diffusion and primary pathology. Prospective studies with larger groups and more information are necessary regarding the correlation between the primary tumor histopathology and the ADC values of metastasis with restricted diffusion.
European journal of radiology 05/2009; 74(1):117-20. · 2.65 Impact Factor
Cytopathology 01/2008; 18(6):384-7. · 1.59 Impact Factor