Publications (2)0 Total impact
International Journal of Tryptophan Research. 01/2010;
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ABSTRACT: Emergent seizures are common in Alzheimer's disease (AD), although the mechanisms mediating this are unknown. It is proposed that stress induced interleukin-18 (IL-18), via interferon-gamma (IFNy) and independently, increases indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and subsequent quinolinic acid (QA) in microglia. QA increases seizures and concurrently contributes to neuronal loss via excitotoxicity. The ApoE4 allele interacts with IL-18 polymorphisms to increase the risk of AD, and seems likely to potentiate the emergence of seizures. Concurrent changes in IDO and the kynurenine pathways at the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) have implications for treatment, including in the efficacy of different anti-hypertensives. Melatonin is proposed to inhibit these overlapping excitotoxic and neurodegenerative processes, and would be a useful adjunctive treatment.International Journal of Tryptophan Research 01/2010; 3:169-73.