[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chromosome biorientation and congression during mitosis require precise control of microtubule dynamics [1-4]. The dynamics of kinetochore microtubules (K-MTs) are regulated by a variety of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) [4-9]. Recently, a MAP known as HURP (hepatoma upregulated protein) was identified [10-12]. During mitosis, Ran-guanosine 5'-triphosphate (RanGTP) releases HURP from the importin β inhibitory complex and allows it to localize to the kinetochore fiber (k-fiber) [12, 13]. HURP stabilizes k-fibers and promotes chromosome congression [12, 14, 15]. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the role of HURP in regulating chromosome congression remains elusive. Here, we show that overexpression of the N-terminal microtubule binding domain (1-278 aa, HURP(278)) of HURP induces a series of mitotic defects that mimic the effects of Kif18A depletion. In addition, coimmunoprecipitation and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays identify Kif18A as a novel interaction partner of HURP. Furthermore, quantitative results from live-cell imaging analyses illustrate that HURP regulates Kif18A localization and dynamics at the plus end of K-MTs. Lastly, misaligned chromosomes in HURP(278)-overexpressing cells can be partially rescued by the overexpression of Kif18A. Our results demonstrate in part the regulatory mechanism for Kif18A during chromosome congression and provide new insights into the mechanism of chromosome movement at the metaphase plate.
Current biology: CB 09/2011; 21(18):1584-91. · 10.99 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: DNA damage stabilizes and activates p53, which selectively induces downstream targets to modulate the cellular response. As a homeostatic regulator of cell cycle checkpoint, the p53 target Wip1 plays essential roles in releasing cells from DNA damage-induced checkpoints after appropriate repair of the damaged-DNA. It is unknown how Wip1 performs when the DNA damage is beyond repair. Here we address that Wip1 displays dose-dependent responses to UVC irradiation. A low dose of UVC, which stimulates intra-S phase cell cycle arrest, transiently induces the Wip1 protein levels in a p53-dependent manner. In contrast, a high dose of UVC, which induces apoptosis, suppresses the Wip1 protein levels in a p53-independent manner. The UVC dose-dependent response of Wip1 correlates not only with the cellular response but also with the activity of p53. Wip1 dephosphorylates p53 on its Ser15 residue. However, the mutual regulation between Wip1 and p53 is only triggered by a low dose of UVC. In response to a high dose of UVC, the sustained activation of p53 fails to induce the downstream targets, including Wip1, Mdm2, p21 and GADD45α. Nonetheless, the reduced Wip1 level contributes to the sustained accumulation of phospho-p53 (Ser15) in response to a high dose of UVC. Our results suggest that Wip1 is regulated by UVC in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the mutual regulation between Wip1 and p53 is highly dose-dependent upon UVC irradiation, and this contributes to the different outcomes of the cellular response to UVC.
The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 12/2010; 43(4):535-44. · 4.89 Impact Factor