[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accurate determination of HER2/neu status in breast carcinoma is essential. Alteration of preanalytic variables is known to affect HER2/neu results. American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the College of American Pathologists (CAP) issued guidelines to standardize fixation for increased HER2/neu accuracy. We studied the effects of changing preanalytic variables on HER2/neu immunohistochemical and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) results in a known HER2/neu+ invasive carcinoma. The clinical specimen was processed according to ASCO/CAP guidelines, with remaining tumor stored fresh without any fixatives for 4 days at 4°C and cut into core biopsy-sized pieces. Each was fixed in 10% formalin, 15% formalin, Pen-Fix (Richard-Allan Scientific, Kalamazoo, MI), Bouin solution, Sakura molecular fixative (Sakura Tissue-Tek Xpress, Torrance, CA), or zinc formalin for 0 to 168 hours. Immunohistochemical studies and FISH were performed. Compared with the clinical specimen, the samples showed no tumor degradation or marked difference by immunohistochemical studies, except the 1-hour 10% formalin and Bouin samples, or FISH, except the Bouin-fixed samples. Our study demonstrates that HER2/neu results remain accurate beyond ASCO/CAP-recommended preanalytic variables, with the exception of Bouin solution for FISH analysis.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology 11/2011; 136(5):754-61. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extracardiac rhabdomyomas are rare benign entities that usually occur in the head and neck region. Although genital rhabdomyoma is known to occur in the lower genital tract of young and middle-aged women, involvement of the anatomically adjacent urethra by rhabdomyoma is exceedingly rare. We present a case of genital rhabdomyoma arising from the urethra of an infant girl. The tumor was characterized by the submucosal presence of mature-appearing rhabdomyoblastic cells containing conspicuous cross-striations, with the cells set in a collagenous stroma. Necrosis and mitoses were absent. Skeletal muscle differentiation of the tumor cells was supported by positive immunohistochemical staining for desmin and myogenin. To our knowledge, this is the first case of urethral genital-type rhabdomyoma in a child.
Human pathology 10/2011; 43(4):597-600. · 3.03 Impact Factor