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Publications (3)36.29 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Trauma induces a state of immunosuppression, which is responsible for the development of nosocomial infections. Hydrocortisone reduces the rate of pneumonia in patients with trauma. Because alterations of dendritic cells and natural killer cells play a central role in trauma-induced immunosuppression, we investigated whether hydrocortisone modulates the dendritic cell/natural killer cell cross talk in the context of posttraumatic pneumonia.
    Critical care medicine. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Context:PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9) is a secreted protease that modulates cholesterol homeostasis by decreasing low-density lipoprotein receptor expression. Low levels of plasma lipoproteins are related to severity of illness and survival in patients of intensive care units (ICU).Objective:The aim of the study was to investigate the regulation of plasma PCSK9 and its association with plasma lipid parameters and clinical markers of severity during critical illness.Design and Patients:The plasma biobank from the previously published HYPOLYTE prospective study was used to measure PCSK9 concentrations by ELISA at days 0 and 8 in 111 patients admitted to surgical ICU for severe multiple trauma. Patients were randomly assigned to hydrocortisone therapy or placebo.Results:Plasma PCSK9 levels were increased by 2-fold between days 0 and 8 (231 ± 116 vs 481 ± 227 ng/ml; P = .0001). Hydrocortisone therapy did not alter PCSK9 concentrations (451 ± 216 vs 511 ± 239 ng/ml in placebo group; P = .33). PCSK9 was positively associated with low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (Pearson coefficient, 0.26; P = .007) at day 0, but not at day 8. At day 8, an inverse correlation was found between PCSK9 and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (β = -653; P = .004). Although baseline PCSK9 concentrations were not associated to severity scores, PCSK9 values at day 8 were related to injury severity score (β = 6.17; P = .0007), length of stay in ICU (β = 6.14; P = .0001), and duration of both mechanical ventilation (β = 8.26; P = .0001) and norepinephrine infusion (β = 18.57; P = .015).Conclusions:Plasma PCSK9 appears as a late biomarker of illness severity in patients with severe multiple trauma.
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 02/2013; · 6.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of stress-dose hydrocortisone in the management of trauma patients is currently unknown. To test the efficacy of hydrocortisone therapy in trauma patients. Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled HYPOLYTE (Hydrocortisone Polytraumatise) study. From November 2006 to August 2009, 150 patients with severe trauma were included in 7 intensive care units in France. Patients were randomly assigned to a continuous intravenous infusion of either hydrocortisone (200 mg/d for 5 days, followed by 100 mg on day 6 and 50 mg on day 7) or placebo. The treatment was stopped if patients had an appropriate adrenal response. Hospital-acquired pneumonia within 28 days. Secondary outcomes included the duration of mechanical ventilation, hyponatremia, and death. One patient withdrew consent. An intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis included the 149 patients, a modified ITT analysis included 113 patients with corticosteroid insufficiency. In the ITT analysis, 26 of 73 patients (35.6%) treated with hydrocortisone and 39 of 76 patients (51.3%) receiving placebo developed hospital-acquired pneumonia by day 28 (hazard ratio [HR], 0.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.30-0.83; P = .007). In the modified ITT analysis, 20 of 56 patients (35.7%) in the hydrocortisone group and 31 of 57 patients (54.4%) in the placebo group developed hospital-acquired pneumonia by day 28 (HR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.25-0.86; P = .01). Mechanical ventilation-free days increased with hydrocortisone by 4 days (95% CI, 2-7; P = .001) in the ITT analysis and 6 days (95% CI, 2-11; P < .001) in the modified ITT analysis. Hyponatremia was observed in 7 of 76 (9.2%) in the placebo group vs none in the hydrocortisone group (absolute difference, -9%; 95% CI, -16% to -3%; P = .01). Four of 76 patients (5.3%) in the placebo group and 6 of 73 (8.2%) in the hydrocortisone group died (absolute difference, 3%; 95% CI, -5% to 11%; P = .44). In intubated trauma patients, the use of an intravenous stress-dose of hydrocortisone, compared with placebo, resulted in a decreased risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00563303.
    JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 03/2011; 305(12):1201-9. · 29.98 Impact Factor