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Publications (5)9.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Balancing reduction accuracy with soft-tissue preservation is a challenge in orthopaedics. Computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery (CAOS) can improve accuracy and reduce radiation exposure. However, previous reports have not summarized the fracture patterns to which CAOS has been applied. We used a CAOS system and a stereolithography model to define a new fracture classification. Twenty reduction tests were performed to evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative trajectory planning. Twenty tests ran automatically and smoothly. Only three slight scratches occurred. Seventy-six path points represented displacement deviations of < 2 mm (average < 1 mm) and angulation deviation of < 1.5°. Because of the strength of muscles, mechanical sensors are used to prevent iatrogenic soft-tissue injury. Secondary fractures are prevented mainly through preoperative trajectory planning. Based on our data, a 1 mm gap between the edges of fractures spikes is sufficient to avoid emergency braking from spike interference. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery 02/2014; · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autophagy is an intracellular catabolic mechanism that maintains the balance of proteins, lipids and aging organelles. 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is a selective inhibitor of autophagy, whereas rapamycin, an antifungal agent, is a specific inducer of autophagy, inhibiting the protein mammalian target of rapamycin. In the present study, we examined the role of autophagy, inhibited by 3-MA and enhanced by rapamycin, in a model of acute spinal cord injury in rats. We found that rapamycin could significantly increase the expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin1 at the injury site. At the same time, the number of neurons and astrocytes with LC3 positive in the spinal cord was upregulated with time. In addition, administration of rapamycin produced an increase in the Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan scores of injured rats, indicating high recovery of locomotor function. Furthermore, expression of the proteins Bcl-2 and Bax was upregulated and downregulated, respectively. By contrast, the results for rats treated with 3-MA, which inhibits autophagy, were the opposite of those seen with the rapamycin-treated rats. These results show that induction of autophagy can produce neuroprotective effects in acute spinal cord injury in rats via inhibition of apoptosis.
    Molecular Neurobiology 08/2013; · 5.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze retrospectively the sonographic characteristics of the peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs) resulted from Wunchuan earthquake. The sonographic images of 38 patients with surgically proved PNIs were reviewed and compared with the surgical findings. A total of 78 nerves in 38 patients were found injured in surgery, which included 16 median nerves in the forearm (20.5%), 6 ulnar nerves in the forearm or arm (7.7%), 8 radial nerves in upper limb (10.0%), 8 sciatic nerves (10.3%) in gluteal region, 17 tibial nerves in the leg (21.8%), and 23 peroneal nerves (29.5%). The most common injured nerve in the lower extremity was the peroneal nerve (29.5%) and in upper extremity was the median nerve (20.5%). Sonography correctly diagnosed 72 earthquake-related nerve injuries (92.3%), which included 5 complete disruption (6.4%), 4 partial disruption (5.1%), 63 nerve entrapment (88.5%, included 1 entrapment by bone calus, 38 entrapments by the scar tissue, 13 entrapments by the thickened muscle or tendinous arch, and 11 entrapment in the narrowed osteofibrous tunnels). Nerve entrapment injury was the common sonographic finding in earthquake-related PNI.
    Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 11/2011; 40(1):7-13. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Blood perfusion of peripheral nerves plays an important role in regeneration after nerve injury. Functional recovery after a peripheral nerve injury depends not only on the survival of the affected neurons but also on the recovered blood perfusion. Previous studies have shown that it is possible to quantitatively assess blood perfusion of tissue using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of CEUS for the quantitative evaluation of blood perfusion of the sciatic nerves with crush injury. Crush injuries were created in the left sciatic nerve of 30 New Zealand white rabbits. CEUS of the bilateral sciatic nerves was performed in six experimental rabbits at 3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks after injury. Pulse-inversion harmonic imaging was used for real-time CEUS. The other six rabbits were used as a control group. Serial laser Doppler measurements of blood flow and quantitative histologic evaluation were performed parallel to CEUS on all animals. Quantitative analysis of CEUS showed that the perfusion index of the crushed sciatic nerves was increased at 3 days after injury, with a peak at 1 week after injury (P = .000). The area under the curve for the crushed sites was increased at 3 days after injury, with a peak at 2 weeks after injury (P = .000). The mean transit time and maximum intensity of the crushed site of the left sciatic nerves were not significantly changed during the 2 months after injury (P = .335 and P = .157 respectively). The perfusion indices measured by CEUS correlated well with those measured by laser Doppler (r = 0.791, P = .000). Marked Wallerian degeneration was found at the crushed site of sciatic nerves at 3 days after injury. The percentage of degenerated myelinated axons was increased during the first 2 weeks after injury and then decreased during the following period. Regenerated axons with small diameter and thin myelin sheaths were found at 2 weeks after injury and during the following period. CEUS may provide a new imaging method to quantitatively analyze blood perfusion of injured peripheral nerves.
    Academic radiology 07/2011; 18(10):1285-91. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the surgical treatment effectiveness of acetabular transverse and posterior wall fractures by Kocher-Langenbeck approach. Between January 2002 and February 2009, 17 patients with acetabular transverse and posterior wall fractures were treated with Kocher-Langenbeck approach and fracture reduction and fixation. There were 12 males and 5 females with an average age of 33.4 years (range, 20-65 years). The disease causes were traffic accident in 16 cases and falling from height in 1 case. The disease duration was 6 hours to 11 days. According to Letournel classification, all fractures were rated as acetabular transverse and posterior wall fractures. Concomitant injuries included posterior hip dislocation in 3 cases, fracture of extremities in 8 cases, injury of sciatic nerve in 3 cases, craniocerebral injury in 1 case, and lienal rupture in 1 case. The incisions healed primarily and no complication of infection and deep venous thrombosis occurred after operation. All patients were followed up 12 to 36 months with an average of 19 months. The X-ray films showed that fracture healed 3 to 5 months after operation. After operation, anatomic reduction was found in 9 cases, satisfactory reduction in 5 cases, and unsatisfactory reduction in 3 cases according to Matta et al criterion. According to modified grading system of Merle D'Aubigne and Postel, the results were excellent in 4 cases, good in 9, fair in 3, and poor in 1 at last follow-up with an excellent and good rate of 76.5%. The nerve function was recovered in patients with sciatic nerve injury at 12 months after symptomatic treatment. Traumatic arthritis occurred in 5 cases, avascular necrosis of the femoral head in 1, and heterotopic ossification in 5 between 9 weeks and 12 months after operation. For acetabular transverse and posterior wall fractures, it is important to make adequate preoperative preparation, to get the imaging data, and to perform open reduction and internal fixation with Kocher-Langenbeck approach as early as possible.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 12/2010; 24(12):1428-31.