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ABSTRACT: The number of community-onset bacteremic urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae is increasing. However, the impact of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae (ESBL-EK) on bacteremic UTI outcomes is unknown. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the impact of ESBL-EK on community-onset bacteremic UTIs.
Of the 58 patients enrolled, 12 suffered from ESBL-EK-caused community-onset bacteremic UTIs. Patients were categorized into ESBL (n=12) and non-ESBL (n=46) groups. Diagnosis was based on findings of concurrent bacteremia and bacteriuria caused by the same pathogen on admission.
The ESBL group had significantly more male patients (66.7%vs. 23.9%; p=0.005), indwelling urinary catheters (41.7%vs. 6.5%; p=0.002), patients admitted from other healthcare facilities (50.0%vs. 8.7%; p=0.001), and patients with higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores (23.3±7.1 vs. 15.9±6.3; p=0.001) and intensive care unit admissions (41.7%vs. 4.4%; p=0.003) than the non-ESBL group. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that male gender (odds ratio=9.2; 95%, confidence interval=1.7-50.6) and healthcare facility residency (odds ratio=15.5; 95% confidence interval=2.4-98.9) were independent risk factors for ESBL-producer infections among bacteremic UTIs. Although the mortality rate of both groups was similar (8.3%vs. 4.4%; p=0.403), the ESBL group had longer hospital stays (16.3±9.3 days vs. 7.9±5.2 days; p=0.010) and higher antibiotic costs (615.1±423.5 USD vs. 252.8±269.2 USD, p=0.014).
Male gender and healthcare facility residency are risk factors for ESBL-producer infections among patients with community-onset bacteremic UTIs. Patients with bacteremic UTIs caused by ESBL-EK also have prolonged hospital stays and higher antibiotic costs. Early detection of ESBLs and appropriate antibiotic coverage are likely to shorten hospital stays and reduce medical costs.
Journal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi 06/2010; 43(3):194-9. · 1.63 Impact Factor