Chang Wan Oh

Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (88)198.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Carotid endarterectomy and stenting are used to treat carotid stenosis, with the volume of carotid artery procedures increasing over the past decade. We investigated the 10-year trend of periprocedural complications with an increasing procedure volume of carotid stenting at a single tertiary hospital.
    Cardiovascular and interventional radiology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the risk factors of prospective symptomatic haemorrhage in a large series of adult patients with cerebral cavernous malformation (CM). Three hundred twenty-six patients >18 years of age with 410 CMs were evaluated retrospectively. Symptomatic haemorrhage was defined as new clinical symptoms with radiographic features of haemorrhage. Clinical data and the characteristics of CM were analysed. MR appearance was divided into three groups according to Zabramski's classification. The overall haemorrhage rate of CM was 4.46% per lesion-year. The overall annual haemorrhage rate according to MR appearance was as follows: type I, 9.47%; type II, 4.74%; and type III, 1.43%. A multivariate analysis revealed that prior symptomatic haemorrhage (p<0.001) and MR appearance (p<0.001) were statistically significant. After multiple comparisons, type I (p<0.001) and type II (p=0.016) showed higher haemorrhage risk than type III. However, no significant difference in haemorrhage rate was observed between type I and type II (p=0.105). Other variables including female gender, age, location, multiplicity, hypertension, size and associated venous angioma were not significant. The haemorrhage rates based on risk factors were estimated at 3 years as follows: 33.77% in patients with prior haemorrhage versus 7.54% in patients without prior haemorrhage (p<0.001); type I, 27.62% vs type II, 15.44% vs type III, 5.38% (p<0.001). Prior symptomatic haemorrhage and MR appearance could be related to prospective symptomatic CM haemorrhage in adults. A prospective multicentre observational study is necessary to confirm our results.
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 03/2014; · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endovascular internal carotid artery (ICA) trapping was performed to treat ruptured blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the procedural risks and long-term follow-up results. The records of 11 consecutive patients with BBAs who underwent endovascular ICA trapping between 2005 and 2010 were reviewed. Clinical outcomes were assessed with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores. Endovascular ICA trapping was performed in 11 patients as either the primary treatment (7 patients) or the secondary treatment (4 patients) after the patient underwent other treatments. Three patients underwent superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass when balloon test occlusion (BTO) revealed inadequate collateral circulation. In the primary ICA trapping group (seven patients), six patients had good outcomes (mRS 0 in five, mRS 1 in one), and one patient had a poor outcome (mRS 6: dead). In the secondary ICA trapping group (four patients), two patients had good outcomes (mRS 0), and two patients had poor outcomes (mRS 4, 5). All ten of the surviving patients were clinically stable during the follow-up period (mean 39 months). A radiological follow-up of nine patients (mean 22 months) demonstrated stable occlusion, with the exception of one reopening of the ICA because of coil migration. Perfusion studies of nine patients (mean: 23 months) demonstrated no perfusion decrease. Endovascular ICA trapping is an effective and durable treatment for BBAs.
    Neuroradiology 01/2014; · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background We aimed to assess the impact of symptomatic steno-occlusion (SYSO) of cerebral arteries and its characteristics on subsequent ischemic event (SIE) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods Using a prospective stroke registry database, we identified consecutive patients with ischemic stroke who were hospitalized within 48 hours of symptom onset. SYSO denoted significant stenosis or occlusion of major cerebral arteries with ischemic lesions at the corresponding arterial territories and was characterized by its location and severity. Primary outcome was SIE that was defined as ischemic progression or recurrence within 1 year. Results In total, 1546 patients (age, 67.4 ± 13.0 years; median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, 4) were enrolled in this study. The cumulative risk of SIE was 14.5% at 7 days, 14.9% at 14 days, 15.5% at 90 days, and 16.9% at 1 year. Patients with SYSO had significantly higher SIE rates compared with those without SYSO (23.0% versus 11.6%). Of the characteristics of SYSO, the location, not the severity, was significantly associated with SIE (P < .001 and P = .186, respectively). Multiple (adjusted hazard ratio, 5.85; 95% confidence interval, 1.81-18.85), intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) (3.54; 1.21-8.21), and extracranial ICA SYSO (2.88; 1.01-8.21) raised the risk of SIE. Conclusions Subsequent cerebral ischemic events (progression or recurrence) after an acute ischemic stroke occur mostly within several days of stroke onset and is associated with the location, but not the severity, of symptomatic steno-occlusion of cerebral arteries.
    Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The association between the location and the mechanism of a stroke lesion remains unclear. A diffusion-weighted imaging study may help resolve this lack of clarity.
    Journal of the American Heart Association. 01/2014; 3(4).
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    ABSTRACT: The elevation of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein-I (CRABP-I) has been suggested as a candidate in the pathogenesis of paediatric moyamoya disease (MMD). However, few studies have addressed CRABP-I in adult onset MMD. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of CRABP-I in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of adult onset MMD, and to evaluate its association with clinical presentation and postoperative haemodynamic change. This study examined the CSF from 103 patients: bilateral MMD, n=58 (56.3%); unilateral MMD, n=19 (18.4%); atherosclerotic cerebrovascular disease (ACVD), n=21 (20.4%); and control group, n=5 (4.9%). The intensity of CRABP-I was confirmed by western blotting and expressed as the median (25th-75th percentile). The differences in CRABP-I expression according to disease entity (unilateral MMD vs bilateral MMD vs ACVD), initial presenting symptoms (haemorrhage vs ischaemia) and postoperative haemodynamic change (vascular reserve in single photon emission CT and basal collateral vessels in digital subtraction angiography) were analysed. CRABP-I intensities in bilateral MMD (1.45(0.86-2.52)) were significantly higher than in unilateral MMD (0.91(0.78-1.20)) (p=0.044) or ACVD (0.85(0.66-1.11)) (p=0.004). No significant differences were noted based on the initial presenting symptoms (p=0.687). CRABP-I was not associated with improvement in vascular reserve (p=0.327), but with decrease in basal collateral vessels (p=0.023) postoperatively. Higher CRABP-I in the CSF can be associated with typical bilateral MMD pathogenesis in adults. Additionally, postoperative basal collateral change may be related to the degree of CRABP-I expression.
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 11/2013; · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the angle changes of the parent arteries after stent-assisted coil embolization of wide-necked intracranial bifurcation aneurysms. The adjacent parent arterial angles before and after stent-assisted coil embolization were measured in 38 patients with aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery (ACoAA) and 41 patients with bifurcation aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery (MCABA). Variables were analysed in relation to the angle changes. Vascular angles of the parent arteries significantly increased by 27.8° (±18.5°) immediately after stent-assisted coil embolization in 79 cases (p < 0.001), with 25.7° (±14.8°) in ACoAA and 29.7° (±21.4°) in MCABA, respectively. In 51 (64.6%) cases with follow-up angiography (mean interval 13.5 ± 4.1 months), vascular angles increased by 27.2° (±17.1°) immediately after treatment and further increased by 20.7° (±14.3°) at the last follow-up (all p < 0.001). More acute pre-stent angles of the parent arteries correlated with greater post-stent angle changes (p = 0.006). Younger age tended to be inversely related to post-stent angle changes (p = 0.091). Stent placement during coil embolization induced significant changes in the aneurysm-parent artery relationship. Further study is needed to elicit the association between angle change of the parent arteries and aneurysmal stability after coil embolization.
    Clinical radiology 11/2013; · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The fate of the contralateral unaffected side of the surgically treated unilateral moyamoya disease (MMD) in adults has not been well described due to the limited number of cases and the heterogeneous ages and treatment methods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contralateral angiographic progression rate and its risk factors in homogeneous adult MMD patients who underwent surgical revascularization, with a review of pertinent literature. Forty-one surgically treated unilateral MMD patients were retrospectively evaluated. We reviewed medical and radiological records including data on gender, age, hypertension (HTN), smoking, familial MMD, presenting symptom, surgical method, Suzuki stage, and contralateral progression. Then, we conducted univariate and multivariate analyses to determine risk factors. Six of the 41 cases (14.6 %) exhibited contralateral progression during the mean follow-up of 34 months. Four of those six patients (66.7 %) were asymptomatic. Additional revascularization surgery was performed in the two symptomatic patients. The presence of a contralateral angiographic abnormality on initial angiography was a statistically significant risk factor for progression (OR, 49.00; p = 0.04). Younger age at diagnosis (32.7 ± 7.8 years in progression group vs. 42.5 ± 10.3 years in non-progression group, p = 0.046) was statistically significant in the univariate analysis, but age was not a significant factor in the multivariate analysis (p = 0.82). Other variables, such as gender (p = 0.13), HTN (p = 0.24), smoking (p = 0.47), and familial MMD (p = 0.20), did not show statistical significance. The presence of a contralateral angiographic abnormality on initial angiography was a significant risk factor for progression in surgically treated unilateral adult MMD. Consequently, patients with contralateral abnormalities should be monitored closely.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 11/2013; · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 43-year-old woman was diagnosed with moyamoya disease (MMD) and underwent right-side bypass surgery. After surgery, previous symptoms disappeared. One month later, transient right hemiparetic attacks and motor dysphasia developed. Angiography revealed progressive severe stenosis of left supraclinoid segment of internal carotid artery. Angioplasty using a drug-eluting stent (DES) was performed. For 18 months, she presented no ischemic symptom and no instent stenosis was observed in follow-up angiography. This is the first case report about effect of DES use for MMD. Considering that intimal hyperplasia is a pathophysiology of stenosis, DES may have a role in reducing progression of stenosis in selected moyamoya patients.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 10/2013; · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of an idiopathic pseudoaneurysm causing intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). A 28-year-old man presented with sudden onset of severe headache. He underwent external ventricular drainage for an isolated IVH in the right lateral ventricle. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) revealed that the aneurysm (7.5×4.5 mm) arose from the distal part of the medial lenticulostriate artery. Following removal of the external ventricular drainage catheter, the aneurysm decreased in size (4.0×2.3 mm). However, follow-up DSA revealed a slightly enlarged aneurysm (4.2×3.2 mm) with morphologic change. The aneurysm was clipped via the interhemispheric transcallosal approach, but postoperative DSA revealed a residual aneurysm sac beside the clips. Given the risk of rebleeding, a second operation was planned for complete resection of the aneurysm. After revised craniotomy and careful dissection of the caudate nucleus, the aneurysm sac was completely resected. Histopathological examination revealed th
    J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 09/2013; 15(3):246-250.
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most dangerous complications after neurological surgery and is related to additional postoperative hospital days and an increased risk of death. One method for the early detection of SSI, the wound-drain-tip culture (WDC), has been widely used. However, no investigations on the relation between SSIs and wound drains after neurological surgery have been conducted. We performed this study to identify the risk factors for SSIs and to assess the relationship between SSIs and the results of WDC after elective supratentorial craniotomy. A total of 535 patients underwent elective primary supratentorial craniotomy, and the results of their WDC were analyzed. The mean follow-up period was 14.1 ± 12.2 months. In 347 (64.9 %) patients, the wound drain was removed within 2 days after operation. Until follow-up, 14 (2.62 %) patients suffered from SSIs. Among the 21 patients with positive WDCs, 8 (38.1 %) patients experienced SSIs. The organisms cultured from the SSIs were matched with the WDC results in 7 (87.5 %) patients. In the multivariate analysis, underweight group (OR = 15.41, p = 0.002), maintenance wound drain over 3 days (OR = 4.202, p = 0.043), and positive WDC (OR = 36.67, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with postoperative SSIs. In 6 (85.7 %) of 7 patients with a positive WDC for Serratia marcescens, SSIs ultimately developed. The prognostic value of the positive WDC still falls short of our expectations in the field of neurological surgery. And, the positive WDC results should be cautiously interpreted, considering the virulence of the cultured micro-organisms.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 08/2013; · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We performed this study to investigate whether the use of closed-suction drainage following microvascular decompression (MVD) causes cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Between 2004 and 2011, a total of 157 patients with neurovascular compression were treated with MVD. MVD was performed for hemifacial spasm in 150 (95.5%) cases and for trigeminal neuralgia in 7 (4.5%) cases. The mean age of the patients was 49.8±9.6 years (range, 20-69). Dural substitutes were used in 44 (28.0%) patients. Ninety-two patients (58.6%) were underwent a 4-5 cm craniotomy using drainage (drainage group), and 65 (41.4%) did a small 2-2.5 cm retromastoid craniectomy without closed-suction drainage (no-drainage group). Eleven (7.0%) patients experienced CSF leakage following MVD based on the criteria of this study; all of these patients were in the drainage group. In the unadjusted analyses, the incidence of CSF leakage was significantly related with the use of closed-suction drainage following MVD (12.0% in the drainage group vs. 0% in the no-drainage group, respectively; p=0.003; Fisher's exact test). Those who received dural substitutes and the elderly (cut-off value=60 years) exhibited a tendency to develop CSF leakage (p=0.075 and p=0.090, respectively; Fisher's exact test). In the multivariate analysis, only the use of closed-suction drainage was significantly and independently associated with the development of CSF leakage following MVD (odds ratio=9.900; 95% confidence interval, 1.418 to infinity; p=0.017). The use of closed-suction drainage following MVD appears to be related to the development of CSF leakage.
    Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 08/2013; 54(2):112-7. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of stent-assisted coil embolization for wide-necked unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) based on the results observed in consecutive patients in a single center. This study included 116 patients (29 men, 87 women; mean age, 55.4years) with 121 UIA which were treated by stent-assisted coil embolization from November 2008 to December 2010. A single stent type (Enterprise; Codman & Shurtleff, Raynham, MA, USA) was used. The clinical and radiological results were evaluated. Embolization was successful without complications in 94% of patients. Six patients had procedure-related thromboembolic events, resulting in neurologic symptoms in four patients, and transient angiographically-visible asymptomatic thromboembolism in two patients. Angiographic aneurysm occlusion was complete in 30.5% of patients, with a small neck remnant in 49.5%, and residual contrast filling in 19.8%. Dual antiplatelet agents were given for at least for 6months. Thromboembolic stroke developed in three patients during follow-up; all occurred after discontinuation of clopidogrel and/or aspirin. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) follow-up was performed for at least 6months. The mean follow-up was 13.4months (range, 6-34months). Eight patients (6.6%) demonstrated recanalization on MRA. Recoiling was performed in one patient (0.8%). The other seven patients with minor recanalization were conservatively followed. Enterprise stent-assisted coil embolization for the treatment of UIA appears to be effective and safe. Future studies including controlled prospective trials and careful follow-up are required to assess its indications and efficacy on a long term basis.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 07/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The optimal consensus concerning treatment of incidental small paraclinoid unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to reveal the natural history of small paraclinoid UIAs with the goal of informing the treatment plan. METHODS: 524 patients harbouring 568 paraclinoid UIAs (≤5 mm) were retrospectively evaluated during the mean follow-up of 35.4 months. The aneurysms were divided into two groups with respect to arterial branch: related (ophthalmic and superior hypophyseal artery), and non-related. Medical records were reviewed concerning multiple variables, such as sex, age, hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus, smoking and aneurysmal factors (size, arterial relationship, multiplicity and the occurrence of rupture and growth). The cumulative risk and the risk factors of aneurysmal rupture and growth were analysed. RESULTS: Two aneurysmal (0.35%) ruptures and 17 growths (3.0%) were observed during the follow-up of 1675.5 aneurysm-years with an annual rupture of 0.12% and an annual growth of 1.01%. The cumulative survival without aneurysmal growth reached a significant difference in aneurysms ≥4 mm (p=0.001), HTN (p=0.002), and arterial branch-related location (p=0.001). Multivariate analysis disclosed that aneurysm ≥4 mm (HR, 4.41; p=0.003), HTN (HR, 5.74; p=0.003), arterial branch-related location (HR, 6.04; p=0.002), and multiplicity (HR, 0.27; p=0.042) were significant predictive factors for aneurysm growth. CONCLUSIONS: Although incidental small paraclinoid UIAs have a relatively lower rupture and growth risk, patients with high-risk factors, including aneurysm ≥4 mm, HTN, arterial branch-related aneurysms, and multiple aneurysms must be monitored closely. The limitation of the retrospective nature of this study should be taken into consideration.
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 06/2013; · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Gamma Knife radiosurgery, the occurrence of reapplying the stereotactic frame leads to re-examination and re-planning. To avoid undergoing invasive second angiography examination for the treatment of vascular lesions, and reduce re-planning time, a mathematical coordinate transformation method using the anatomical information has been developed. The MR or CT images of a human brain before and after frame reapplication were correlated with each other using the Affine transformation. The transformation parameters which minimize the RMS error of the original and transformed coordinates between the images were determined using a genetic algorithm. Three CT image studies of skull phantom and five MR image studies of patients were used for the evaluation. The RMS error in the coordinate transformation of skull phantom and clinical images was 0.3 ± 0.1 mm and 0.6 ± 0.1 mm, respectively. The original treatment plans of patients were converted to new plans using the transformation matrix. For total 9 treatment lesions of 0.2-14.1 cc, 3% and 11% RMS error in the irradiation time and target coverage were found respectively. The deeply-located lesions showed a better RMS error of 3% in the conformity index and similar dose distribution than superficial lesions close to the skull.
    Physica Medica 06/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) given within 4.5 h of symptom onset is accepted as the standard treatment of ischemic stroke. Persistent occlusion of cerebral arteries despite intravenous thrombolysis and unremitting neurologic deficits lead us to consider additional intra-arterial approaches. The aim of this study was to elucidate the potential of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI performed during or immediately after intravenous thrombolysis for predicting clinical outcomes of subsequent intra-arterial thrombolysis. Methods: With a prospective stroke registry database of patients hospitalized in our institution from January 2004 to February 2010, we identified ischemic stroke patients with the following conditions: (1) presentation within 2.5 h of onset, (2) treated with intravenous tPA based on brain CT, (3) persistent occlusion on subsequent MRI/MR angiography, including a FLAIR sequence, and (4) eventually treated with intra-arterial thrombolysis. Demographic, clinical and laboratory findings including initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), follow-up NIHSS at the 7th day or discharge, modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at 3 months, and symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation were captured. FLAIR images were reviewed by 2 investigators blinded to clinical information independently and dichotomized into the absence and presence of FLAIR change within the diffusion-restriction lesions. Results: Of the 57 patients who met these conditions, FLAIR-hyperintense lesions (FHL) were observed in 32 (56.1%). The FHL-negative group was 69.1 ± 12.1 years old on average and the FHL-positive group 67.3 ± 11.0 years old. In both groups, hypertension was the most common vascular risk factor, cardioembolic stroke was the most common subtype, and distal middle cerebral artery was the most common site of occlusion. The incidence of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation was 4.0% in the FHL-negative group and 9.4% in the FHL-positive group (p = 0.62). NIHSS scores of 0-1 on the 7th day of hospitalization or at discharge were observed in 36% of the FHL-negative group and in 9.4% of the FHL-positive group; mRS scores of 0-1 at 3 months was 32% in the FHL-negative group and 21% in the FHL-positive group. An ordinal logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of FHL was associated with higher 7-day NIHSS scores (adjusted for relevant covariates) but not with higher 3-month mRS scores. Conclusions: This study suggests that the FHL might be used as imaging biomarker to predict outcomes for additional intra-arterial thrombolysis in patients treated with intravenous tPA.
    Cerebrovascular Diseases 05/2013; 35(5):461-468. · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the current Part II of Stroke Statistics in Korea is to summarize nationally representative data on public awareness, pre-hospital delay, thrombolysis, and quality of acute stroke care in a single document. The public's knowledge of stroke definition, risk factors, warning signs, and act on stroke generally remains low. According to studies using open-ended questions, the correct definition of stroke was recognized in less than 50%, hypertension as a stroke risk factor in less than 50%, and other well-defined risk factors in less than 20%. Among stroke warning signs, sudden paresis or numbness was best appreciated, with recognition rates ranging in 36.9-73.7%, but other warning signs including speech disturbance were underappreciated. In addition, less than one third of subjects in a representative population survey were aware of thrombolysis and had knowledge of the appropriate act on stroke, calling emergency medical services (EMS). Despite EMS being an essential element in the stroke chain of survival and outcome improvement, EMS protocols for field stroke diagnosis and prehospital notification for potential stroke patients are not well established. According to the Assessment for Quality of Acute Stroke Care, the median onset-to-door time for patients arriving at the emergency room was 4 hours (mean, 17.3 hours) in 2010, which was not reduced compared to 2005. In contrast, the median door-to-needle time for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-TPA) treatment was 55.5 minutes (mean, 79.5 minutes) in 2010, shorter than the median time of 60.0 minutes (mean, 102.8 minutes) in 2008. Of patients with acute ischemic stroke, 7.9% were treated with IV-TPA in 2010, an increase from the 4.6% in 2005. Particularly, IV-TPA use for eligible patients substantially increased, from 21.7% in 2005 to 74.0% in 2010. The proportion of hospitals equipped with a stroke unit has increased from 1.1% in 2005 to 19.4% in 2010. Performance, as measured by quality indicators, has steadily improved since 2005, and the performance rates for most indicators were greater than 90% in 2010 except for early rehabilitation consideration (89.4%) and IV-TPA use for eligible patients (74.0%). In summary, the current report indicates a substantial improvement in in-hospital acute stroke care, but also emphasizes the need for enhancing public awareness and integrating the prehospital EMS system into acute stroke management. This report would be a valuable resource for understanding the current status and implementing initiatives to further improve public awareness of stroke and acute stroke care in Korea.
    Journal of stroke. 05/2013; 15(2):67-77.
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare cerebrovascular lesion, and the literature is sparse. Most authors insist that simple disconnection of arteriovenous shunting is enough to treat intracral single-channel pial AVF in most cases, either by microsurgery or endovascular embolization without resection of entire vascular malformation. DISCUSSION: We report an insidious onset of peri-lesional edema formation after abrupt disconnection of AVF shunting with surgical arterial ligation. Treatment entailed anti-platelet and anti-coagulation agent to slow down thrombus formation in intracranial dual-channel pial AVF. We suggest that slowing down thrombus formation in the large varix with anti-platelet and/or anti-coagulation agents seems to be necessary in case of abrupt disconnection of shunting in intracranial single- or dual-channel pial AVF to prevent postoperative cerebral edema or infarction.
    Child s Nervous System 02/2013; · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of patients diagnosed with glioblastoma remains dismal in spite of the current concomitant chemoradiotherapy with temozolomide. In particular, the resistance to temozolomide appears to be the greatest obstacle to the treatment of glioblastoma. In the present study, we evaluated in vitro and in vivo the anti-tumor effects of combination therapy of cilengitide with belotecan, a camptothecin derivate, to treat experimental glioblastoma. The therapeutic effects of the drugs on the U87MG and U251MG human glioblastoma cell lines were assessed using in vitro cell viability and apoptosis assays. The combination treatment group with cilengitide and belotecan enhanced the cytotoxic effects to the glioblastoma cell lines and increased the apoptosis of the tumor cells compared with monotherapy with either drug alone in vitro. Nude mice with established U87MG glioblastoma were assigned to the following 4 groups: control, cilengitide, belotecan, and combination treatment. The volume of tumors and length of survival were also measured. Animals in the combination therapy group demonstrated a significant reduction of tumor volume and an increase in survival (p < 0.05). Immunohistochemistry revealed a decrease in angiogenesis by cilengitide and an increase in apoptosis by cilengitide and belotecan in vivo. The combination therapy of cilengitide with belotecan presented more cytotoxic effects compared to the monotherapy of either drug in vitro and in vivo. This combination protocol may serve as an alternative treatment option for glioblastoma.
    International Journal of Cancer 01/2013; · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) of the transverse and sigmoid sinuses (TSS) are rare in Asian populations. This study sought to evaluate the treatment outcomes of intracranial TSS DAVFs at a single Asian institute. Between 1989 and 2007, 122 patients presented to the Seoul National University Hospital with intracranial DAVFs; we performed a retrospective analysis of the 38 patients (31.1%) with TSS DAVFs. The common clinical presentations were headache (44.7%), tinnitus (39.5%), and intracranial hemorrhage (26.3%), and 71.1% had Borden type II or III lesions. Two patients were conservatively managed, two underwent surgery, and 34 were treated endovascularly with transarterial embolization (TAE), transvenous embolization (TVE), or both. The complete occlusion rate immediately after treatment was 50%. Of the 31 patients (81.6%) who underwent follow-up angiography, initial complete occlusion was achieved in 51.6%, and, at the last follow-up, the complete occlusion rate was 64.5%, with the surgery and TVE groups achieving 100% occlusion. The clinical cure rate was 34.2%, and 86.8% of patients had a favorable clinical outcome. However, all patients in both the surgery and TVE groups achieved a favorable clinical outcome. Four (26.7%) of 15 lesions with initially partial embolization showed delayed occlusion. Five patients (13.2%) exhibited clinical or angiographic signs of recurrence, and five patients had permanent complications. TSS DAVFs were less common than cavernous sinus DAVFs, unlike in Western countries, but the angiographic and clinical characteristics of TSS DAVFs were similar to those in Western countries. TSS DAVFs were successfully managed with different modalities, but both surgery and TVE were superior to conservative management or TAE.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 01/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

559 Citations
198.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013
    • Inje University Paik Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011–2013
    • Ewha Womans University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Bundang Jesaeng Hospital
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2006–2013
    • Kangwon National University Hospital
      Shunsen, Gangwon, South Korea
  • 2010–2012
    • Jeju National University
      Tse-tsiu, Jeju, South Korea
    • Kyung Hee University Medical Center
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002–2011
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • • Department of Neurology
      • • Department of Neurosurgery
      • • Department of Radiology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009
    • National Cancer Center Korea
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Dongguk University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Konkuk University Medical Center
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 1998
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea