Chae-Myeong Ha

Kyungpook National University, Daikyū, Daegu, South Korea

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Publications (3)13.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Vascular calcification which refers to ectopic mineralization in vascular cells is associated with several conditions, such as chronic kidney disease, atherosclerosis, and diabetes mellitus. Estrogen-related receptor (ERR)γ is a member of the orphan nuclear receptor superfamily, which plays diverse roles in regulating homeostatic and metabolic processes. However, the role of ERRγ in vascular calcification has not been investigated to date. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of ERRγ in vascular calcification. Approach and results: Vascular calcification was induced by treating rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells with calcification medium. ERRγ expression in vascular smooth muscle cells was induced during calcification medium-induced vascular calcification. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of ERRγ in vascular smooth muscle cells resulted in the upregulation of the expression of osteogenic genes, including runt-related transcription factor 2, osteopontin, and Msx2, and the downregulation of α-smooth muscle actin. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of ERRγ induced bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) expression, leading to increased phosphorylation of the intracellular BMP2 effector proteins SMAD1/5/8. Collectively, these data suggested that ERRγ promotes dedifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells to an osteogenic phenotype during the vascular calcification process. Inhibition of endogenous ERRγ expression or activity using a specific siRNA or the selective inverse agonist GSK5182 attenuated vascular calcification and osteogenic gene expression in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: The present results indicate that ERRγ plays a key role in vascular calcification by upregulating the BMP2 signaling pathway, suggesting that inhibition of ERRγ is a potential therapeutic strategy for the prevention of vascular calcification.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 09/2015; DOI:10.1161/ATVBAHA.115.306102 · 6.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) has several pharmacological benefits including immunomodulation and prevention of fibrosis, which are dependent on the NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant pathways. Therefore, we hypothesized that DMF could attenuate vascular calcification via Nrf2 activation. Vascular calcification induced by hyperphosphataemia was significantly inhibited by DMF in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in a dose-dependent manner. DMF-mediated Nrf2 upregulation was accompanied by the reduced expressions of genes related with osteoblast-like phenotype based on promoter activity, mRNA and protein expression, and von Kossa staining. Likewise, Nrf2 overexpression significantly decreased the formation of calcium deposit similar to the level of osteogenic staining in VSMCs, and DMF with Nrf2 knockdown failed to attenuate hyperphosphatemia induced vascular calcification. Furthermore, DMF significantly attenuated the calcification of ex vivo ring culture from both rat common carotid artery and mouse thoracic aorta as well as in vivo mouse model of Vitamin D3-induced calcification consistent with the increased Nrf2 protein levels in early stage of calcification by DMF. In conclusion, our data support that DMF stimulates Nrf2 activity to attenuate hyperphosphatamia in vitro or Vitamin D3-induced in vivo vascular calcification, which would be a beneficial effect on vascular diseases induced by oxidative stress such as vascular calcification.
    Vascular Pharmacology 08/2014; 63(1). DOI:10.1016/j.vph.2014.06.007 · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular calcification is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease and leads to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although several reports have implicated mitochondrial dysfunction in cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease, little is known about the potential role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the process of vascular calcification. This study investigated the effect of α-lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring antioxidant that improves mitochondrial function, on vascular calcification in vitro and in vivo. Calcifying vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) treated with inorganic phosphate (Pi) exhibited mitochondrial dysfunction, as demonstrated by decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP production, the disruption of mitochondrial structural integrity and concurrently increased production of reactive oxygen species. These Pi-induced functional and structural mitochondrial defects were accompanied by mitochondria-dependent apoptotic events, including release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria into the cytosol, subsequent activation of caspase-9 and -3, and chromosomal DNA fragmentation. Intriguingly, ALA blocked the Pi-induced VSMC apoptosis and calcification by recovery of mitochondrial function and intracellular redox status. Moreover, ALA inhibited Pi-induced down-regulation of cell survival signals through the binding of growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) to its cognate receptor Axl and subsequent Akt activation, resulting in increased survival and decreased apoptosis. Finally, ALA significantly ameliorated vitamin D3-induced aortic calcification and mitochondrial damage in mice. Collectively, the findings suggest ALA attenuates vascular calcification by inhibiting VSMC apoptosis through two distinct mechanisms; preservation of mitochondrial function via its antioxidant potential and restoration of the Gas6/Axl/Akt survival pathway.
    Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 01/2012; 16(2):273 - 286. DOI:10.1111/j.1582-4934.2011.01294.x · 4.01 Impact Factor