[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The combination of pomalidomide and dexamethasone can be safely administered to Multiple Myeloma (MM) and has significant efficacy although the optimal regimen remains to be determined. MM who progressed after multiple lines of therapy have limited treatment options. We designed a multicenter phase 2 randomized study assessing 2 different dose regimens of pomalidomide and dexamethasone in advanced MM. Treatment response was assessed centrally. Pomalidomide (4 mg) was given orally on days 1 to 21 (arm 21/28) or continuously (arm 28/28) over a 28-day cycle, plus Dexamethasone given weekly. Eighty four patients (43 arm 21/28 and 41 arm 28/28) were randomized. The median number of prior lines was 5. ORR was 35% (arm 21/28) and 34% (arm 28/28), independent of the number of prior lines and level of refractoriness. Median DOR, TTP and PFS was 7.3, 5.4 and 4.6 months, similar across cohorts. At 23 months follow up, median OS was 14.9 months, with 44% of the patients alive at 18 months. Toxicity consisted primarily of myelosuppression, which was manageable. The efficacy and safety data presented here, along with data from other phase 2 trials, suggest that pomalidomide 4 mg/day on days 21/28 with dexamethasone should be investigated in future trials. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (No. NCT01053949).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In multiple myeloma, many prognostic parameters have been proposed. However, all of these predict shorter survival. To identify patients with a longer life expectancy, we updated the data of patients treated in the IFM (Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome) 99-02 and 99-04 trials.
A series of 520 patients was analyzed. Median follow-up was 90.5 months. To perform a comprehensive analysis of the major prognostic factors, we reanalyzed all patients for 1q gains [in addition to updating del(13), t(4;14), and del(17p) analyses].
It was possible to identify a subgroup of patients (representing 20% of total patients) with an 8-year survival of 75%. These patients were defined by the absence of t(4;14), del(17p), and 1q gain and β(2)-microglobulin less than 5.5 mg/L.
We propose that all patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma be evaluated for these three chromosomal changes, not only to define high-risk patients but also to identify those with a longer life expectancy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome conducted a randomized trial to compare bortezomib-dexamethasone (VD) as induction before high-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) to a combination consisting of reduced doses of bortezomib and thalidomide plus dexamethasone (vtD) in patients with multiple myeloma. Overall, a total of 199 patients were centrally randomly assigned to receive VD or vtD. After 4 cycles, the complete response (CR) rate was the same in both groups (13% in the vtD arm, 12% in the VD arm, P = .74). However, the CR plus very good partial response (VGPR) rate was significantly higher in the vtD arm (49% vs 36%, P = .05). After ASCT, the CR plus VGPR rate was significantly higher in the vtD arm (74% vs 58%, P = .02). The reduced doses of bortezomib and thalidomide translated into a reduced incidence of peripheral neuropathy (PN): grade ≥ 2 PN were reported in 34% in the VD arm versus 14% in the vtD arm (P = .001). vtD, including reduced doses of bortezomib and thalidomide, yields higher VGPR rates compared with VD and can be considered a new effective triplet combination before HDT/ASCT.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leukemia is one of the leading journals in hematology and oncology. It is published monthly and covers all aspects of the research and treatment of leukemia and allied diseases. Studies of normal hemopoiesis are covered because of their comparative relevance.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Deletion of the 17p13 chromosomal region [del(17p)] is associated with a poor outcome in multiple myeloma. Most of the studies have targeted the TP53 gene for deletion analyses, although no study showed that this gene is the deletion target. In order to address this issue, we sequenced the TP53 gene in 92 patients with multiple myeloma at diagnosis, 54 with a del(17p) and 38 lacking del(17p). At least one mutation was found in 20 patients, all of them presenting a del(17p). The analysis of the mutation location showed that virtually all of them occurred in highly conserved domains involved in the DNA-protein interactions. In conclusion, we showed that 37% of the myeloma patients with del(17p) present a TP53 mutation versus 0% in patients lacking the del(17p). The prognostic significance of these mutations remains to be evaluated.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One hundred de novo multiple myeloma patients with t(4;14) treated with double intensive therapy according to IFM99 protocols were retrospectively analyzed. The median overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 41.4 and 21 months, respectively, as compared to 65 and 37 for patients included in the IFM99 trials without t(4;14) (P<10(-7)). We identified a subgroup of patients presenting at diagnosis with both low beta(2)-microglobulin <4 mg/l and high hemoglobin (Hb) >/=10 g/l (46% of the cases) with a median OS of 54.6 months and a median EFS of 26 months, respectively, which benefits from high-dose therapy (HDT); conversely patients with one or both adverse prognostic factor (high beta(2)-microglobulin and/or low Hb) had a poor outcome. The achievement of either complete response or very good partial response after HDT was also a powerful independent prognostic factor for both OS and EFS.