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ABSTRACT: 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) an important regulator of bone homeostasis, mediates its actions by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR), a nuclear transcription factor. Mutations in the VDR cause the rare genetic disease hereditary vitamin D resistant rickets (HVDRR). In this study, we examined two unrelated young female patients who exhibited severe early onset rickets, hypocalcemia, and hypophosphatemia. Both patients had partial alopecia but with different unusual patterns of scant hair. Sequencing of the VDR gene showed that both patients harbored the same unique nonsense mutation that resulted in a premature stop codon (R50X). Skin fibroblasts from patient #1 were devoid of VDR protein and 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment of these cells failed to induce CYP24A1 gene expression, a marker of 1,25(OH)2D3 action. In conclusion, we identified a novel nonsense mutation in the VDR gene in two patients with HVDRR and alopecia. The mutation truncates the VDR protein and causes 1,25(OH)2D3 resistance.
Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 08/2010; 23(8):843-50. · 0.75 Impact Factor