Carolyn G. Goldberg

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States

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Publications (5)10.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) who are surgical candidates have as many as three options: open surgery, endovascular surgery, or no surgery. As with all treatment decisions, informed patient preferences are critical. Decision support tools have the potential to better inform patients about the risks and benefits associated with each treatment option and to empower patients to participate meaningfully in the decision-making process. The objective of this study was to develop and pilot test a decision support tool for patients with AAAs. We developed a personalized, interactive, computer-based decision support tool reflecting the most current outcomes data and input from surgeons and patients. We piloted the tool with AAA repair candidates who used the tool prior to meeting with their surgeon. Patients were recruited from a university-based vascular surgery clinic and affiliated VA hospital clinic. To determine feasibility and acceptability, the following outcomes were measured: (1) percent of patients who agreed to participate, (2) length of time required to use the tool, (3) the amount of assistance required to use the tool, and (4) patients' opinions on the acceptability of the tool. To assess effectiveness of the tool, we measured change in knowledge and decisional conflict pre- and post-tool using the paired t-test. One hundred percent of patients who were approached (n = 12) agreed to participate in the study. The tool was administered in a median time of 35 minutes (range, 25-45 minutes), and all patients were able to navigate the program with minor technical assistance. Mean knowledge scores increased from 56% to 90% (P = .005), and decisional conflict scores decreased from 29% to 8% (P = .04). Overall, patients reported that the program content was balanced across treatment options, presented information clearly and concisely, helped them to organize their thoughts about the decision, and prepared them to talk to their surgeon about what mattered most to them. Preliminary evidence suggests that use of an evidence-based AAA decision support tool is feasible and acceptable to patients, increases knowledge, and decreases decisional conflict. Widespread use of such a tool might improve the content and quality of informed consent for this difficult treatment decision.
    Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 11/2010; 53(2):285-92.e1. DOI:10.1016/j.jvs.2010.08.075 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    Carolyn G Goldberg · Loren Berman · Richard J Gusberg
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Patients with AAA face a complex decision, and knowledge of the risks and benefits of each treatment option is essential to informed decision-making. Here we assess the current information on the internet accessible to patients regarding the management of AAA. Study Design. We performed a search on Google using the keywords “abdominal aortic aneurysm” and reviewed the top 50 web sites. We focused on information related to treatment options and alternatives to treatment and the risks of each option. Results. Twenty-seven websites were included in the study. Nearly 30% of websites discussed the risk of mortality and myocardial infarction after open surgery, compared to only 7.4% for both risks after EVAR. Other complications were listed by fewer websites. Fifty-five percent of websites reported that patients had a faster recovery following EVAR, but only 18.5% mentioned the risk of reintervention after EVAR or the need for long-term surveillance with CT scans. Conclusions. While most websites included descriptive information on AAA and mentioned the potential treatment options available to patients, the discussion of the risks of open surgery and EVAR was inadequate. These results suggest that websites frequently accessed by patients lack important information regarding surgical risk.
    International journal of vascular medicine 01/2010; 2010:789198. DOI:10.1155/2010/789198
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    Carolyn G. Goldberg · Loren Berman · Richard J. Gusberg
    Journal of Vascular Surgery 05/2009; 49(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jvs.2009.02.082 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gap junctions (GJs) are membrane-spanning channels that facilitate intercellular communication by allowing small signaling molecules (e.g. calcium ions, inositol phosphates, and cyclic nucleotides) to pass from cell to cell. Over the past two decades, many studies have described a role for GJ intercellular communication (GJIC) in the proliferation and differentiation of many cells, including bone cells. Recently, we reported that megakaryocytes (MKs) enhance osteoblast (OB) proliferation by a juxtacrine signaling mechanism. Here we determine whether this response is facilitated by GJIC. First we demonstrate that MKs express connexin 43 (Cx43), the predominant GJ protein expressed by bone cells, including OBs. Next, we provide data showing that MKs can communicate with OBs via GJIC, and that the addition of two distinct GJ uncouplers, 18alpha-glycyrrhetinic acid (alphaGA) or oleamide, inhibits this communication. We then demonstrate that inhibiting MK-mediated GJIC further enhances the ability of MKs to stimulate OB proliferation. Finally, we show that while culturing MKs with OBs reduces gene expression of several differentiation markers/matrix proteins (type I collagen, osteocalcin, and alkaline phosphatase), reduces alkaline phosphatase enzymatic activity, and decreases mineralization in OBs, blocking GJIC does not result in MK-induced reductions in OB gene expression, enzymatic levels, or mineralized nodule formation. Overall, these data provide evidence that GJIC between MKs and OBs is functional, and that inhibiting GJIC in MK-OB cultures enhances OB proliferation without apparently altering differentiation when compared to similarly treated OB cultures. Thus, these observations regarding MK-OB GJIC inhibition may provide insight regarding potential novel targets for anabolic bone formation.
    Bone 10/2008; 44(1):80-6. DOI:10.1016/j.bone.2008.08.117 · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paint chip analysis in hit-and-run accidents may provide critical evidence for determining the responsible party. Light microscopy, one of the most accessible means of evaluating and identifying paint chips from a collision, requires careful preparation and sectioning of the sample. Embedding the sample in an appropriate medium is critical to obtain high-quality sections that preserve the integrity of the layers of paint in a paint chip specimen. Because of our experience sectioning hard tissue such as bone or bone with metal implants, we applied methods from analysis of bone tissue and identified two potential metal paint chip embedding materials, methylmethacrylate and a low-viscosity epoxy resin. Of these embedding procedures, methylmethacrylate was found to be superior for the purposes of embedding paint chips, the application of which in forensics may provide an affordable and accessible means of identifying vehicles involved in collisions. (The J Histotechnol 31:25, 2008)Submitted May 17, 2007; accepted with revisions September 19, 2007
    Journal of histotechnology 03/2008; 31(1):25-27. DOI:10.1179/his.2008.31.1.25 · 0.31 Impact Factor