[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Exposure to the underwater environment for occupational or recreational purposes is increasing. As estimated, there are around 7 million divers active worldwide and 300,000 more divers in Korea. The underwater and hyperbaric environment presents a number of risks to the diver. Injuries from these hazards include barotrauma, decompression sickness, toxic effects of hyperbaric gases, drowning, hypothermia, and dangerous marine animals. For these reasons, primary care physicians should understand diving related injuries and assessment of fitness to dive. However, most Korean physicians are unfamiliar with underwater and hyperbaric medicine (UHM) in spite of scientific and practical values.
From occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) specialist’s perspective, we believe that UHM should be a branch of OEM because OEM is an area of medicine that deals with injuries caused by physical and biological hazards, clinical toxicology, occupational diseases, and assessment of fitness to work. To extend our knowledge about UHM, this article will review and update on UHM including barotrauma, decompression illness, toxicity of diving gases and fitness for diving.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of serum ferritin have been documented to be an adverse prognostic factor in patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The purpose of this study was to estimate the correlation between elevated levels of serum ferritin and survival outcomes in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
A total of 267 patients who were newly diagnosed with NHL and who received chemotherapy between September 1999 and April 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.
In multivariate analysis, other chemotherapy regimens excluding CHOP-like chemotherapy regimens (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisolone) and RCHOP (rituximab plus CHOP), a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high risk according to the international prognostic index (IPI), and elevated levels of serum ferritin were all significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year progression-free survival rates. RCHOP and other chemotherapy regimens, a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high IPI risk, and high levels of serum ferritin were significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year overall survival rates.
Elevated levels of serum ferritin of 500 ng/mL or more as well as the use of chemotherapy regimens besides CHOP-like or RCHOP, a high-intermediate/high risk IPI, and a high level of beta2-microglobulin in NHL may be an important marker for predicting poor survival outcomes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate predictive factors for rapid engraftment after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPBSCT) in patients with acute leukemia. Two hundred sixty-two patients receiving alloPBSCT were analyzed. Subset analyses of donor stem cells were conducted using a flow cytometric method. The correlation between rapid engraftment of neutrophils, platelets, and donor stem cells doses, as well as other recipient and donor clinical factors, was analyzed. In univariate analysis, factors correlated with neutrophil engraftment (≥0.5 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy (CR1) before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and high numbers of CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, and CD3+/CD4+ T cells. Factors correlated with platelet engraftment (≥20 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of CR1 before HCT, donor and recipient sex mismatch, and high numbers of mononuclear cells, CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, CD3+/CD4+ T cells, CD3+/CD8+ T cells, and CD56+ NK cells. In multivariate analysis, independent predictive factors for rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment were CR1 before HCT (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively), high number of donor CD34+ cells (p = 0.005 and p < 0.001, respectively), and high number of CD3+ T cells (p = 0.005 and p = 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, achieving CR1 before HCT, as well as larger quantities of donor CD34+ and CD3+ T cells, may predict rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment after PBSCT.
Annals of Hematology 07/2013; 92(12). DOI:10.1007/s00277-013-1847-5 · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES:: There is no confirmed treatment strategy for primary intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). In this retrospective study, the purpose is to find an appropriate treatment strategy in patients with primary intestinal DLBL undergoing surgery followed by chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. METHODS:: Seventy-six patients were newly diagnosed with DLBL and received treatment between March 2004 and June 2011. Forty-seven patients were treated with surgical resection followed by rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP), and 29 patients were treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy alone. RESULTS:: The characteristics of the patients were as follows: the median age was 56.5 years (range, 15 to 85 y) with a female to male ratio of 1.00:1.45. There was no significant difference in patient characteristics between the 2 groups. The estimated 3-year progression-free survival rates (PFS) and overall survival rates (OS) of surgery followed by R-CHOP (surgery/R-CHOP) and R-CHOP alone (R-CHOP) groups were 92.2% and 74.8% (P=0.009) and 94.2% and 80.7% (P=0.049), respectively. In univariate analysis, significant differences were seen in estimated PFS and OS rates when comparing Lugano stages I and II1 with II2 and IIE (P=0.006 and 0.036), low and low-intermediate risk with high-intermediate risk (P=0.004 and 0.000), and surgery/R-CHOP group with R-CHOP group (P=0.009 and 0.049), respectively. In multivariate analysis, there were no independent predictive factors for survival. CONCLUSIONS:: Patients treated with surgery followed by R-CHOP seemed to have a higher survival rate than those treated with R-CHOP alone. There were no significant prognostic factors for survival, but there were possible prognostic factors such as Lugano stage, International Prognostic Index risk, and treatment modality for PFS and OS.
American journal of clinical oncology 12/2012; 37(2). DOI:10.1097/COC.0b013e318271b125 · 2.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is classified as a Philadelphia chromosome-negative classic myeloproliferative neoplasm. ET is a clonal stem cell disorder that is often associated with JAK2 mutations and shares phenotypic and pathogenetic similarities with other myeloproliferative neoplasms. Hemorrhagic complications and arterial and venous thrombosis are common in patients with ET. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to assess the cumulative incidence rate and risk factors for thrombohemorrhagic events in patients with ET based on a multicenter study in Korea.
A total of 239 patients with ET, from February 1995 to April 2011, were retrospectively analyzed from 4 Korean academic institutions. Data were collected through the review of medical records, and vascular events were confirmed by diagnostic procedures for establishing thrombosis and hemorrhagic complications.
Of the patients (median age, 61 years; median follow-up, 51.8 months), 32 (13.4%) experienced thrombohemorrhagic complications. The 10-year cumulative incidence rate showed a 20.6% incidence of thrombohemorrhagic events. In univariate analysis, the presence of JAK2 mutations, high-risk group, previous thrombohemorrhagic events, and >60 years old were shown to have higher incidences of vascular events than any other factors. In multivariate analysis, previous thrombotic events and JAK2 mutations were independent risk factors for vascular events (hazard ratio, 2.907 [95% CI, 1.142-7.406], P =.025; and 4.146 [95% CI 1.227-14.018], P = 0.022).
Previous thrombotic history and the JAK2 V617F mutation were associated with a higher 10-year cumulative incidence rate of thrombohemorrhagic events.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The herpesviridae family includes, among others, herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus. Herpesviridae viral infections (HVIs) can lead to serious complications in lymphoma patients undergoing chemotherapy. There is no consensus on the dose and duration of antiviral prophylaxis in these patients. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence and risk factors for HVI in lymphoma patients undergoing chemotherapy.
We reviewed the records of 266 patients who were newly diagnosed with lymphoma and received chemotherapy without acyclovir prophylaxis between June 1996 and August 2009.
The cumulative incidence rate of HVI was 20.16% for 5 years from the start of chemotherapy. Independent predictive factors for HVI in lymphoma patients were: female sex [hazard ratio (HR) 2.394; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.245-4.607; P=0.009], cumulative dose of steroids per body surface area of at least 2500 mg/m(2) (HR 7.717; 95% CI: 3.814-18.703; P<0.001), and history of neutropenic fever (HR 0.297; 95% CI: 0.150-0.588; P<0.001).
Female sex, high dose of steroids per body surface area, and neutropenic fever were risk factors for HVI in patients with lymphoma undergoing chemotherapy without acyclovir prophylaxis.
American journal of clinical oncology 02/2011; 35(2):146-50. DOI:10.1097/COC.0b013e318209aa41 · 2.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Herpesviridae viral infections (HVIs) are particularly common in patients with hematologic malignancies after undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or receiving chemotherapy. However, there have been few reports on the incidence and risk factors of HVIs in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL) patients treated with rituximab combined chemotherapy.
We analyzed 270 patients who were newly diagnosed with DLBL. All of the patients had received rituximab combined chemotherapy between June 2004 and April 2010.
Twenty-nine patients (10.7%) developed HVI a median of 5.57 months (range 0.37-30.03) after initial chemotherapy. The estimated cumulative incidence rates of HVIs were 8.3 and 12.8% at 1 and 3 years, respectively, in all patients. Independent risk factors for HVIs were a high international prognostic index risk [p = 0.017, hazard ratio (HR) 2.633, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.185-5.850], neutropenic fever (p = 0.023, HR 2.476, 95% CI 1.134-5.406) and a high cumulative dose of steroids (p = 0.023, HR 2.921, 95% CI 1.162-7.346).
A high international prognostic index risk, neutropenic fever and a high cumulative dose of steroids appear to be risk factors for HVI in DLBL patients who are undergoing rituximab combined chemotherapy.