Publications (3)9.28 Total impact
Article: Proteomic changes at 8 weeks after infection are associated with chronic liver pathology in experimental schistosomiasis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chronic Schistosoma mansoni infection can present as a moderate or severe disease, termed intestinal or hepatosplenic schistosomiasis, respectively. Similarly, either moderate splenomegaly or hypersplenomegaly syndrome develops in CBA/J mice by 20weeks of infection and is similar to intestinal or hepatosplenic schistosomiasis respectively. Using this mouse model and two-dimensional differential in gel electrophoresis, the liver proteomic signatures of uninfected mice and mice infected for 6, 8, 12, or 20weeks were compared, and significant protein spots identified using mass spectrometry. We found the greatest number of changes at 12weeks suggesting that this period represents the peak time of change. Pathway analysis identified specific proteins and pathways that correlated to the pathological changes indicative of severe disease, and these pathways were involved as early as 8weeks after infection. These findings provide insight into the development of severe liver pathology in schistosomiasis and may aid in developing biomarkers for hepatosplenic schistosomiasis.Journal of proteomics 03/2012; 75(6):1838-48. · 5.07 Impact Factor
Article: Identification of cytokeratin 18 as a biomarker of mouse and human hepatosplenic schistosomiasis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Previously, we demonstrated unique protein expression patterns in 20-week-Schistosoma mansoni-infected CBA/J mice with moderate splenomegaly syndrome (MSS) or hypersplemomegaly syndrome (HSS). To better understand the development of severe pathology, we compared the two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) proteomic signatures of livers from uninfected mice and mice infected for 6, 8, 12, or 20 weeks and found significant changes in collagen isoforms, interleukin-2 (IL-2), cytokeratin 18, hydroxyproline, S. mansoni phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, major urinary protein isoforms, and peroxiredoxin 6. Cytokeratin 18, hydroxyproline, and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) were chosen for analysis in mouse and human sera using targeted biochemical assays. Consistent with the liver analysis, cytokeratin 18, CTGF, and hydroxyproline were significantly elevated in sera from mice with HSS compared to those from uninfected mice or mice with MSS. Moreover, cytokeratin 18 and CTGF were found to be markers for subjects with hepatosplenic and intestinal schistosomiasis, respectively, while serum hydroxyproline was a strong indicator of fibrosis for severe HS. These findings indicate that schistosome-associated changes to the liver can be detected in the serum and reveal the potential for cytokeratin 18 to be used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis.Infection and immunity 02/2011; 79(5):2051-8. · 4.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chronic schistosomiasis presents with either a moderate or a severe form, termed intestinal (INT) or hepatosplenic (HS) schistosomiasis, respectively. The Schistosoma mansoni-associated hepatomegaly is estimated in 8.5 million people and ultimately results from liver granulomas induced by trapped parasitic eggs. The CBA/J mouse model replicates these two human disease forms and was used to understand the progressive pathology that leads to HS and to identify potential biomarkers. In this model 20% of infected mice spontaneously develop hypersplenomegaly syndrome (HSS) by 20 weeks of infection while the remaining 80% develop moderate splenomegaly syndrome (MSS). Using this model, we compared the liver protein patterns of control mice and mice infected for 6, 8, 12, or 20 (MSS and HSS) weeks. Two-dimensional differential in gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) was used to identify protein pattern variations and protein spots were identified using matrix adsorption laser desorption ionisation-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. In the first experiment, we found 124 protein spot unique changes for MSS and HSS compared to control mice of which 80 were identified and 35 changes were specific for HSS. In the second experiment, comparison between various time points with control mice revealed 76 significant protein spot changes of which 44 were identified using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Importantly, we found that the abundance of liver keratin D, transferrin isoforms, collagen isoforms, hydroxyproline and Schistosoma mansoni-phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase increased while epoxide hydrolase isoforms, peroxiredoxin 6 and major urinary protein (MUP) isoforms decreased significantly with infection. To verify the changes in the liver 2D-DIGE analysis, candidate liver protein markers were measured in mouse serum using targeted biochemical assays. The mouse serum analysis showed MUP levels were decreased, while transferrin, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), keratin D, hydroxyproline were increased in HSS mice compared to control mice or MSS mice supporting the liver 2D-DIGE analysis. Using targeted assays, serum samples from INT and HS patients were tested for the candidate liver protein markers: keratin D, CTGF, hydroxyproline and transferrin. The human serum analysis showed keratin D levels increased for HS compared to INT and normal sera. The CTGF levels were high in INT compared to HS and normal sera, while transferrin remained unchanged in INT and HS similar to normal sera. Additionally, in severe HS disease, serum hydroxyproline emerged as a strong indicator of fibrosis. We believe that these findings will have direct value in the development of diagnostic tools for early detection of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in humans.