[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutations in the TNFRSF13B gene, encoding TACI, have been found in common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and selective IgA deficient (IgAD) patients, but only the association with CVID seems to be significant. In this study, Czech CVID, IgAD and primary hypo/dysgammaglobulinemic (HG/DG) patients were screened for all TNFRSF13B sequence variants. The TNFRSF13B gene was mutated in 4/70 CVID patients (5.7%), 9/161 IgAD patients (5.6%), 1/17 HG/DG patient (5.9%) and none of 195 controls. Eight different mutations were detected, including the most frequent p.C104R and p.A181E mutations as well as 1 novel missense mutation, p.R189K. A significant association of TNFRSF13B gene mutations was observed in both CVID (p=0.01) and IgAD (p=0.002) Czech patients. However, when combined with all published data, only the association with CVID remained significant compared with the controls (9.9% vs. 3.2%, p<10(-6)), while statistical significance disappeared for IgAD (5.7% vs. 3.2%, p=0.145). The silent mutation p.P97P was shown to be associated significantly with CVID compared with the controls in both Czech patients (allele frequency 4.3% vs. 0.2%, p=0.01) and in connection with the published data (5.1% vs. 1.8%, p=0.003). The relevance of some TNFRSF13B gene variants remains unclear and needs to be elucidated in future studies.
Human immunology 08/2012; 73(11):1147-54. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), a major risk for coronary heart disease, is predominantly associated with mutations in the genes encoding the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and its ligand apolipoprotein B (APOB).
In this study, we characterize the spectrum of mutations causing FH in 2239 Czech probands suspected to have FH. In this set, we found 265 patients (11.8%) with the APOB mutation p.(Arg3527Gln) and 535 patients (23.9%) with a LDLR mutation. In 535 probands carrying the LDLR mutation, 127 unique allelic variants were detected: 70.1% of these variants were DNA substitutions, 16.5% small DNA rearrangements, and 13.4% large DNA rearrangements. Fifty five variants were novel, not described in other FH populations. For lipid profile analyses, FH probands were divided into groups [patients with the LDLR mutation (LDLR+), with the APOB mutation (APOB+), and without a detected mutation (LDLR-/APOB-)], and each group into subgroups according to gender. The statistical analysis of lipid profiles was performed in 1722 probands adjusted for age in which biochemical data were obtained without FH treatment (480 LDLR+ patients, 222 APOB+ patients, and 1020 LDLR-/APOB- patients). Significant gradients in i) total cholesterol (LDLR+ patients > APOB+ patients = LDLR-/APOB- patients) ii) LDL cholesterol (LDLR+ patients > APOB+ patients = LDLR-/APOB- patients in men and LDLR+patients > APOB+ patients >LDLR-/APOB- patients in women), iii) triglycerides (LDLR-/APOB- patients > LDLR+ patients > APOB+ patients), and iv) HDL cholesterol (APOB+ patients > LDLR-/APOB- patients = LDLR+ patients) were shown.
Our study presents a large set of Czech patients with FH diagnosis in which DNA diagnostics was performed and which allowed statistical analysis of clinical and biochemical data.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP=log[triglycerides/HDL-cholesterol]) differs in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) patients with and without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
A total of 555 FH patients with known mutations in the LDL receptor or the apolipoprotein B gene, of whom 53 had a history of CVD (CVD+ group), were retrospectively analyzed.
Compared to patients without CVD (CVD- group), CVD+ patients showed significantly higher fasting LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and AIP as well as lower HDL-cholesterol. After both adjustment for age and diabetes and using analysis based on age and sex matched groups, only the increase in triglycerides and AIP in the CVD+ vs. the CVD- group remained significant.
The results of the present study indicate that AIP, which reflects the presence of atherogenic small LDL and small HDL particles, may be connected to the risk of CVD in FH patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hereditary angiooedema (HAE) is a life-threatening disease with poor clinical phenotype correlation with its causal mutation in the C1 inhibitor (SERPING1) gene. It is characterized by substantial symptom variability even in affected members of the same family. Therefore, it is likely that genetic factors outside the SERPING1 gene have an influence on disease manifestation. In this study, functional polymorphisms in genes with a possible disease-modifying effect, B1 and B2 bradykinin receptors (BDKR1, BDKR2), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and mannose-binding lectin (MBL2), were analysed in 36 unrelated HAE patients. The same analysis was carried out in 69 HAE patients regardless of their familial relationship. No significant influence of the studied polymorphisms in the BDKR1, BDKR2, ACE and MBL2 genes on overall disease severity, localization and severity of particular attacks, frequency of oedema episodes or age of disease onset was detected in either group of patients. Other genetic and/or environmental factors should be considered to be responsible for HAE clinical variability in Caucasians.
Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 03/2011; 74(1):100-6. · 2.20 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inborn disorder of lipid metabolism characterised by elevated plasma concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol. This imbalance results in accelerated atherosclerosis and premature coronary heart disease. The early identification and treatment of FH patients is extremely important because it leads to significant reduction of both coronary morbidity and mortality. FH is transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner and associated predominantly with mutations in the genes encoding the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and its ligand apolipoprotein B (APOB). To date, more than 1000 sequence variants have been described in the LDLR gene. In marked contrast to LDLR, only one APOB mutation is prevalent in Europe.
The aim of this study was, on the basis of data obtained by the molecular genetic analysis of 1945 Czech FH probands, to propose, generate, and validate a new diagnostic tool, an APEX (Arrayed Primer EXtension)-based genotyping DNA microarray called the FH chip. The FH chip contains the APOB mutation p.Arg3527Gln, all 89 LDLR point mutations and small DNA rearrangements detected in Czech FH patients, and 78 mutations frequent in other European and Asian FH populations. The validation phase revealed the sensitivity and specificity of this platform, 100% and 99.1%, respectively.
This FH chip is a rapid, reproducible, specific, and cost-effective tool for genotyping, and in combination with MLPA (multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification) represents a reliable molecular genetic protocol for the large-scale screening of FH mutations in the Czech population.