[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hemophilia A patients have a lower cardiovascular mortality rate than the general population. Whether this protection is caused by hypocoagulability or decreased atherogenesis is unclear.
To evaluate atherosclerosis and endothelial function in hemophilia A patients with and without obesity as well as in matched, unaffected controls.
Fifty-one obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg m(-2)) and 47 non-obese (BMI ≤ 25 kg m(-2)) hemophilia A patients, and 42 obese and 50 matched non-obese male controls were included. Carotid and femoral intima–media thickness [IMT] and brachial flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) were measured as markers of atherogenesis and endothelial function.
The overall population age was 50 ± 13 years. Carotid IMT was increased in obese subjects (0.77 ± 0.22 mm) as compared with non-obese subjects (0.69 ± 0.16 mm) [mean difference 0.07 mm (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.02–0.13, P = 0.008)]. No differences in mean carotid and femoral IMT between obese hemophilic patients and obese controls were found (mean difference of 0.02 mm [95% CI ) 0.07–0.11, P = 0.67], and mean difference of 0.06 mm [95% CI ) 0.13–0.25, P = 0.55], respectively). Thirty-five per cent of the obese hemophilic patients and 29% of the obese controls had an atherosclerotic plaque (P = 0.49), irrespective of the severity of hemophilia. Brachial FMD was comparable between obese hemophilic patients and obese controls (4.84% ± 3.24% and 5.32% ± 2.37%, P = 0.45).
Hemophilia A patients with obesity develop atherosclerosis to a similar extent as the general male population. Detection and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors in hemophilic patients is equally necessary.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 10/2011; 10(1):30-7. · 6.08 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Obesity is a major health concern not only in the general population but also in patients with haemophilia. Little is known about the consequences of obesity for haemophilia patients. As obesity is an important risk factor for osteoarthritis, these effects may be even more pronounced in haemophilia patients who are prone to joint damage. The association between obesity and limitations in daily activities as well as the frequency of bleeds and use of factor VIII (FVIII) concentrate in obese and normal weight haemophilia patients was assessed. Fifteen obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg m(-2)) and fifteen normal weight (BMI ≤ 25 kg m(-2)) haemophilia A patients matched for severity and age were analysed. The Hemophilia Activities List (HAL) was used to assess the impairment in daily activities. Compared with the normal weight haemophilia patients, obese haemophiliacs had a significantly lower sum score (88/100 and 98/100, respectively, P = 0.02), which was mainly caused by an impaired lower limb function. All other components of the HAL also showed lower scores in the obese patients, but did not reach statistical significance. A higher frequency of bleeds requiring treatment with FVIII concentrate occurred in the obese haemophiliacs (17 bleeds in eight individuals) compared with the controls (three bleeds in three individuals) (P = 0.045). Compared with non-obese haemophilia patients, obese haemophiliacs had more joint bleeds and a lower overall HAL score, which was driven by a lower limb function score. Prevention of overweight and weight reduction requires special attention from physicians treating haemophilia patients.