B Dupuis

University of Lille Nord de France, Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France

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Publications (72)272.21 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Amiodarone is a potent antiarrhythmic agent with complex chronic effects, notably on repolarization and conduction, that are not fully understood. Its low arrhythmogenic potential has been related to a lack of increase in repolarizution dispersion. Since its effects are not documented in pigs we conducted a mapping study of activation and repolarization in isolated perfused porcine hearts. Amio20 female pigs (n = 7) received amiodarone 20 mg/kg per day over 4 weeks while Amio 5O female pigs (n = 7) received 50 mg/kg per day over 4 weeks. Concentrations of the drug encompassed values found in clinical studies. Then, activation patterns and activation-to-recovery intervals (ARI) were mapped epicardially from 128 unipolar electrograms in isolated perfused hearts in corroboration of epicardial action potential recordings. Mean ARI was longer in Amio20 experiments compared to the seven control hearts (325 ±11 ms vs 288 ± 5 m.s at 1,000 ms), whereas ARI dispersion was not different, being comprised between 7 and 11 ms and generating smooth gradients. In Amio5O experiments, mean ARI was further prolonged (390 ±10 ms at 1,500 ms) with an exaggerated reverse rate dependence concomitant with a depressant effect on the plateau of the action potential. Again, ARI dispersion did not differ from controls. Finally, the drug depressed the maximal rate of depolarization (Vmax) and slowed conduction in a rate dependent and concentration dependent fashion. In conclusion, chronic amiodarone induces Class I and Class HI antiarrhythmic effects in ventricular porcine epicardium that are concentration dependent but does not affect dispersion of repolarization. This may partly explain its low arrhythmogenic potential.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 06/2006; 23(7):1133 - 1143. · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 12/2003; 20(5 Pt 1):791-4. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The hospitalised patients in a cardiological hospital (Lille, France) over an 18-month period were subjected to a prospective high-intensity adverse drug reaction (ADR) monitoring in order to assess the additional financial resource utilisation associated with ADRs and analyse the distribution of excess of cost according to ADR nature and therapeutic classes. Over 18 months, among the 16,916 hospitalised patients, 371 verified ADRs detected by self-report stimulated by a special unit of nurses and pharmacologists occurred in 336 patients with an overall ADR rate of 2.2%. This rate increased with age. The most common reactions were cutaneous events (24%), cardiovascular events (21%), metabolic disorders (12%), coagulation disorders (10%) and nervous system impairment (10%). The most common drug classes involved were cardiovascular agents (36%), contrast media (20%), drugs affecting blood clotting (13%) and anti-infectives (14%). Increased ADR-induced costs result especially from prolongation of length of stay and cost increase was evaluated at Euro 4150 per ADR. Among the 371 ADRs, 134 ADRs, which were significantly more severe, induced a prolongation of length of stay. Renal insufficiency and cardiovascular events were significantly over-represented in this sub-group. The most common ADR-inducing drugs associated with a prolongation of length of stay are cardiovascular agents and drugs affecting blood clotting. In contrast, cutaneous ADRs were significantly over-represented in the group of ADRs without prolongation of length of stay. The severity and substantial costs of ADRs in hospital justify investments to prevent these events. Nevertheless, only a portion of ADRs induces cost increases, suggesting that prevention efforts should focus on this limited category of ADRs.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 04/2001; 56(12):935-41. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A low dose (0.5 mg/kg) of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), administered 72 hours before 60-minute middle cerebral artery occlusion, induced a delayed neuroprotection proven by the significant decrease (-35%) of brain infarct volume in comparison with control, whereas infarct volumes remained unchanged in rats treated 12, 24, or 168 hours before ischemia. This delayed neuroprotective effect of LPS was induced only with low doses (0.25 to 1 mg/kg), whereas this effect disappeared with a higher dose (2 mg/kg). The delayed neuroprotection of LPS was induced in the cortical part of the infarcted zone, not in the subcortical part. The beneficial effect of LPS on consequences of middle cerebral artery occlusion was suppressed by dexamethasone (3 mg/kg) and indomethacin (3 mg/ kg) administered 1 hour before LPS, whereas both drugs had no direct effect on infarct volume by themselves, suggesting that activation of inflammatory pathway is involved in the development of LPS-induced brain ischemic tolerance. Preadministration of cycloheximide, an inhibitor of protein synthesis, also blocked LPS-induced brain ischemic tolerance suggesting that a protein synthesis is also necessary as a mediating mechanism. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) could be one of the synthesized proteins because lipopolysaccharide increased SOD brain activity 72 hours, but not 12 hours, after its administration, which paralleled the development of brain ischemic tolerance. In contrast, catalase brain activity remained unchanged after LPS administration. The LPS-induced delayed increase in SOD brain content was suppressed by a previous administration of indomethacin. These data suggest that the delayed neuroprotective effect of low doses of LPS is mediated by an increased synthesis of brain SOD that could be triggered by activation of inflammatory pathway.
    Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism 09/2000; 20(8):1190-6. · 5.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Amiodarone is a potent antiarrhythmic agent with complex chronic effects, notably on repolarization and conduction, that are not fully understood. Its low arrhythmogenic potential has been related to a lack of increase in repolarization dispersion. Since its effects are not documented in pigs we conducted a mapping study of activation and repolarization in isolated perfused porcine hearts. Amio20 female pigs (n = 7) received amiodarone 20 mg/kg per day over 4 weeks while Amio50 female pigs (n = 7) received 50 mg/kg per day over 4 weeks. Concentrations of the drug encompassed values found in clinical studies. Then, activation patterns and activation-to-recovery intervals (ARI) were mapped epicardially from 128 unipolar electrograms in isolated perfused hearts in corroboration of epicardial action potential recordings. Mean ARI was longer in Amio20 experiments compared to the seven control hearts (325 +/- 11 ms vs 288 +/- 5 ms at 1,000 ms), whereas ARI dispersion was not different, being comprised between 7 and 11 ms and generating smooth gradients. In Amio50 experiments, mean ARI was further prolonged (390 +/- 10 ms at 1,500 ms) with an exaggerated reverse rate dependence concomitant with a depressant effect on the plateau of the action potential. Again, ARI dispersion did not differ from controls. Finally, the drug depressed the maximal rate of depolarization (Vmax) and slowed conduction in a rate dependent and concentration dependent fashion. In conclusion, chronic amiodarone induces Class I and Class III antiarrhythmic effects in ventricular porcine epicardium that are concentration dependent but does not affect dispersion of repolarization. This may partly explain its low arrhythmogenic potential.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 08/2000; 23(7):1133-43. · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • Annales de medecine interne 01/2000; 151(5):353-368.
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    ABSTRACT: Functional alterations of barium-sensitive potassium inward rectifier (KIR) current, which is involved in the vasodilation of middle cerebral arteries (MCA) in rat brain, have been described during brain ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). The authors investigate the effects of I/R on KIR current recorded in isolated myocytes from MCA of control rats and from contralateral and ipsilateral MCA of ischemic rats by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, and the relationship between its alteration and the severity of brain injury. The vascular smooth muscle cells exhibited similar morphologic features in all conditions, and the KIR was present in the three groups of myocytes, exhibiting a characteristic inward rectification and a normal external potassium dependence. The KIR density was significantly reduced in cell of MCA ipsilateral to occlusion with a maximum at -135 mV, whereas there was no difference between control and contralateral cells. This alteration in KIR density in occluded MCA was significantly correlated with severity of brain injury and brain edema. These results suggest that the alteration of KIR density in MCA myocytes after I/R and the consecutive impaired dilation of MCA may contribute to aggravation of the brain injury.
    Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism 01/2000; 19(12):1309-15. · 5.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growth regulatory properties of nitric oxide (NO) in cultured endothelial cells is controversial. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of L-arginine, the endogenous NO precursor, and L-NAME, an inhibitor of NO synthase on the reendothelialization process after angioplasty. Fifty-five New Zealand White rabbits underwent denudation of the left iliac artery. After injury the rabbits were randomized in three groups: L-arginine 2.25% (L-arginine, n = 19); NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester 15 mg/kg/day (L-NAME, n = 19); and placebo (controls, n = 17). Treatment was solubilized in drinking water. Reendothelialization was evaluated at 4 weeks by macroscopic evaluation of Evans blue staining and endothelial-specific immunostaining (CD-31) on cross sections. Intimal hyperplasia was evaluated by morphometric analysis. Despite a significant increase in plasma arginine (P = 0.001) and a reduction in intimal hyperplasia (P = 0.003) with L-arginine, neither agent had a significant effect on reendothelialization at 4 weeks (controls = 36 +/- 4%, L-arginine = 43 +/- 3%, L-NAME = 33 +/- 4%; NS). These results suggest that, in spite of previously demonstrated effects on neointimal hyperplasia, the NO pathway does not influence the regrowth of macrovascular endothelial cells in vivo.
    Cardiovascular Research 09/1999; 43(3):731-8. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether inhaled nitric oxide (NO) may alter pulmonary vascular permeability and respiratory function in an in vivo model. Prospective, randomized, controlled, experimental study. University experimental pharmacology laboratory. Mechanically ventilated newborn piglets, 1 to 2 days old, exposed to 100% oxygen for 76 hrs. The piglets were randomly assigned either to a treatment group receiving 20 ppm inhaled NO from the onset of ventilation (n = 5) or to a control group (n = 6) receiving no treatment. The main variables studied were gas exchange (PaO2/F(IO2) ratio, lung diffusing capacity), respiratory mechanics (static compliance of the respiratory system, stat, quasi-static hysteresis area, functional residual capacity), and pulmonary vascular permeability assessed by simultaneous intravenous administration of iodine-125-labeled albumin and chromium-51-labeled red blood cells. Extravascular albumin space of the lung and dry lung weight were significantly higher in the NO group vs. the control group (albumin space, 1.08+/-0.16 vs. 0.70+/-0.26 [SD] mL/kg body weight [p < .05]; dry lung weight, 3.20+/-0.34 vs. 2.66+/-0.14 g/kg body weight [p < .05]). Moreover, the hysteresis area was higher from 24 hrs of NO exposure. Conversely, NO inhalation altered neither the extravascular lung water content (12.98+/-2.79 mL/kg body weight in the NO group vs. 12.18+/-2.26 mL/kg body weight in the control group [not significant]) nor the main respiratory mechanical variables (static compliance, functional residual capacity) and gas exchange (lung diffusing capacity, PaO2/F(IO2) ratio). These results do not support the hypothesis that NO inhalation combined with hyperoxia can alter the main lung-function variables in neonates. However, it may induce an increase in lung vascular protein leakage. The pathophysiologic consequences of this finding remain to be elucidated.
    Critical Care Medicine 06/1999; 27(6):1168-74. · 6.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-uniform drug-induced prolongation of repolarization predominating in the midmyocardial (M) cell layers has been shown to be responsible for perpetuation of reentry, giving rise to torsade de pointes. However, the absence of M cells in immature animals, especially the pig, suggests other possible underlying mechanisms. We sought to examine, in this species, the effects of predisposing factors to torsade de pointes on the dispersion of epicardial repolarization and their contribution to arrhythmogenesis. Computerized mapping of repolarization and activation was conducted on the epicardial surface in 29 Langendorff-perfused hearts of eight-week-old pigs. Activation-recovery intervals were measured simultaneously from 128 unipolar electrograms. Baseline iso-interval maps were dipolar (41%) or multipolar (59%). Dispersion of repolarization was reverse frequency-dependent but was unaffected by lowering [K+]o. DL-Sotalol (0.1 mmol/l) reinforced local gradients and thus increased epicardial dispersion, whereas intramural recordings did not demonstrate any predominant effect in midmyocardial layers. Phenylephrine (1 mumol/l) notably augmented DL-sotalol effects. After [Mg++]o lowering, although dispersion was not significantly increased, DL-sotalol was associated with the spontaneous occurrence of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in seven out of nine experiments. When maps of repolarization of escape beats were compared with activation maps of first arrhythmic beats, an arc of functional dissociation was observed in the vicinity of a steep gradient of repolarization in two out of nine tachycardias. Epicardial dispersion of repolarization is increased by slow rates, DL-sotalol and phenylephrine but is not the only requirement for initiation of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. In combination with other factors, it helps continuation of the arrhythmia in this model.
    Cardiovascular Research 04/1999; 41(3):563-74. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of L-arginine and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) on neointimal hyperplasia and vascular remodeling after balloon angioplasty in the hypercholesterolemic rabbit. Restenosis after balloon angioplasty is a consequence of both neointimal hyperplasia and vessel remodeling. Nitric oxide inhibits neointimal hyperplasia, but its effect on vessel remodeling is unknown. Six weeks after induction of bilateral iliac atherosclerosis, 48 rabbits underwent successful angioplasty in 75 vessels. Eight rabbits (acute group) were sacrificed immediately after angioplasty. The remaining animals received either placebo (chronic control group), or a diet supplemented with either L-arginine (1.5 g/kg/day), or L-NAME (15 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks after angioplasty. The intimal area was significantly greater in the chronic control group compared to the acute group (2.60+/-1.03 mm2 vs. 1.35+/-0.62 mm2). This increase in intimal area was lower in the L-arginine group (1.79+/-0.61 mm2), and greater in the L-NAME group (3.23+/-0.92 mm2). The area circumscribed by the internal elastic lamina (IEL) increased significantly in the control group compared to the acute group (from 2.52+/-0.66 to 3.33+/-0.85 mm2); a more marked increase occurred in the L-NAME group (3.90+/-0.85 mm2). By contrast, IEL area was unchanged in the L-arginine group (2.41+/-0.62 mm2). As a result, there was no significant difference in lumen area after 4 weeks in the chronic groups (control: 0.74+/-0.38 mm2; L-arginine: 0.50+/-0.43 mm2; L-NAME: 0.48+/-0.42 mm2). Our results demonstrate that L-arginine inhibits whereas L-NAME stimulates neointimal hyperplasia after experimental balloon angioplasty in the hypercholesterolemic rabbit. However, the lack of vessel enlargement in the L-arginine group resulted in a similar final lumen size in the L-NAME and L-arginine groups.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 04/1999; 33(3):876-82. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serious undesirable cardiac side effects have been reported with treatment with diphemanil methylsulfate (Prantal) in premature babies or neonates. To understand the origin of this problem, the authors undertook an electrophysiological study of the effects of this product in vitro on rabbit Purkinje fibres. In three separate series (N = 5 to N = 8), the effects of increasing concentrations (0.1 microM-30 microM) of diphemanil methylsulfate, different frequencies of stimulation (0.2 Hz, 1 Hz, 2 Hz) and duration of exposition (60 min followed by 120 min washout) were observed on the properties of the action potential. The results show a clearcut antiarrhythmic Class III type action characterised by a concentration-dependent prolongation of the action potential duration with an inverse frequency dependency without significant changes of the other parameters. During stimulation at 0.2 Hz, early post-depolarizations and induced activity were observed in 3/8 of the fibres exposed to 10 microM and 8/8 fibres exposed to 30 microM. The effect did not attain a steady state after 60 min of exposition. It was not reversed by 120 min of washout of the preparation. These results were compatible with the reported cardiac arrhythmic effects of prolongation of the QT interval and torsades de pointe.
    Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 01/1999; 91(12):1487-94. · 0.40 Impact Factor
  • R Bordet, P Thomas, B Dupuis
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pindolol to accelerate the onset of action of paroxetine in patients suffering from major depression. Patients who met DSM-IV criteria for a nonpsychotic disorder, who had no previously treated episode of major depression episode, and who had a score of at least 18 on the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale were randomly assigned, for the first 21 days, to treatment with paroxetine (20 mg/day) and either pindolol (5 mg t.i.d.) or placebo. Patients were evaluated with the Hamilton depression scale, the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, and Global Clinical Impression (CGI) on days 0 (baseline), 5, 10, 15, 21, 25, 31, 60, 120, and 180. Intermediate analysis of the first month's results for the first 100 patients (pindolol, N=50; placebo, N=50) was performed. At day 10 there were more improved patients (defined as patients with a maximum score of 10 on the Hamilton depression scale) in the pindolol plus paroxetine group (N=24; 48%) than in the placebo plus paroxetine group (N=13; 26%). At day 5 there was no statistically significant difference, and at day 15 and thereafter, the differences between the two groups disappeared. Hamilton depression scale scores were significantly lower on days 5 and 10 for the pindolol plus paroxetine group (mean=15.7, SD=5.3, and mean=11.7, SD=6.4, respectively) than for the placebo plus paroxetine group (mean=19, SD=5.9, and mean=14.7, SD=6.8); this was also true for Montgomery-Asberg depression scale and CGI scores. The addition of pindolol to paroxetine treatment significantly accelerates the onset of therapeutic response in patients suffering from major depression. Nevertheless, the mechanism (pharmacodynamic or pharmacokinetic) of this beneficial effect remains unclear.
    American Journal of Psychiatry 11/1998; 155(10):1346-51. · 14.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether inhaled nitric oxide (NO) may alter oxidative stress parameters and induce lung inflammation in moderate hyaline membrane disease (HMD). Eighteen moderately premature lambs (130 days gestation, term = 147 days) were randomly assigned to treatment with 20 ppm inhaled NO (n = 8) from the onset of ventilation or used as control (n = 10). Except inhaled NO, treatments were intentionally similar to those applied in clinical situations. The main studied parameters were oxidative stress index measurements on lung parenchyma and in circulating blood, lung parenchyma microscopic examination and bronchoalveolar lavage cell count. We found that 20 ppm of inhaled NO for 5 h did not change significantly either malondialdehyde and total antioxidant status levels in circulating blood, or malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase in lung parenchyma. Amino-imino-propene bond generation, which are lipoperoxidation markers, was similar in both groups. Furthermore, no significant changes in the number of inflammatory cells in lung lavage products and in lung parenchyma microscopic examination could be found. Therefore, these data do not support the hypothesis that short-term NO inhalation increases oxidative stress and lung inflammation in an experimental model of moderate HMD.
    Biology of the Neonate 01/1998; 73(3):172-81. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelium-derived relaxing factor (nitric oxide: NO) may provide an endogenous defence against atherosclerosis which impairs endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation. Atherosclerosis development is inhibited in cholesterol fed human apo A-I transgenic rabbits (Duverger, N., Circulation, 1996, 94, 713-717). We investigated if endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation is modified in human apo A-I transgenic rabbits by testing in vitro endothelium-dependent receptor-dependent vascular relaxation to acetylcholine and endothelium-dependent receptor-independent vascular relaxation to A23187 of abdominal aorta, precontracted with phenylephrine, in human apo A-I transgenic rabbits (n=4) versus non transgenic littermates (n=4). Endothelium-independent vascular relaxation was investigated with sodium nitroprusside. Vascular precontraction to phenylephrine was significantly increased in human apo A-I transgenic rabbits (p<0.05) while endothelium-independent vascular relaxation to nitroprusside was similar between human apo A-I transgenic rabbits and control rabbits. Endothelium-dependent receptor-dependent and receptor-independent vascular relaxations were reduced in human apo A-I transgenic rabbits (p<0.05). Maximum endothelium-dependent receptor-dependent vascular relaxation was negatively correlated with HDL-cholesterol and total apo A-I (rabbit+ human) plasma levels (r=0.87 and 0.86, p=0.01, respectively) but not with atherogenic plasma lipid (VLDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, VLDL+LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B) levels. These results suggest that the transgenesis of human apo A-I in rabbits impairs signal transduction of endothelial NO synthesis.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/1997; 241(1):205-11. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, ramipril, on heart rate variability in patients with heart failure simultaneously treated with digitalis. This study was a multicentric, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study including 50 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). All patients were in NYHA functional class II and III. The etiology of CHF was mainly idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic heart disease. After a 4-week placebo run-in period with digoxin and diuretics, patients were randomized to receive additional ramipril or placebo. To assess heart rate variability (HRV) and arrhythmias, 24-hour ECGs were recorded at the end of the placebo run-in period, 8 and 24 weeks after randomization. Spectral analysis of HRV was performed during one diurnal and one nocturnal 5-minute time period. No statistically significant differences in HRV within low-, high-, and total-frequency bands were induced by ramipril in either the diurnal or nocturnal periods, both at 8 and 24 weeks after randomization. Ramipril produced a significant decrease in nonsustained ventricular tachycardia at 24 weeks of treatment (p = 0.01). These results run against previous observations showing an increase in parasympathetic tone with ACE inhibitors in heart failure. The present study thus suggests that the effects of ACE inhibitors in CHF are variable and depend on the patient and concomitant treatment that might influence HRV such as digoxin treatment.
    Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 10/1997; 11(4):531-6. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although linsidomine shares common properties with nitrovasodilators, it releases nitric oxide directly without catalytic involvement by thiols. We conducted a prospective, randomized, multicentre, parallel group, single-blind study to compare the efficacy of intravenous administration of linsidomine with that of isosorbide dinitrate in unstable angina. Between November 1990 and July 1992, 568 patients with suspected unstable angina (class IIIB of the Braunwald classification) received a continuous infusion of either linsidomine (1 mg.h-1 on average) or isosorbide dinitrate (2.5 mg.h-1 on average) for 72 h. All patients received concomitant aspirin and intravenous heparin, 81% beta-blockers and 38% calcium antagonists. Holter monitoring was performed in all patients and analysed blindly. Only 25% of the patients had at least one episode of chest pain during the study (24.6% vs 25.8% in the linsidomine and isosorbide dinitrate groups, P = 0.74), of which 12% were associated with ECG changes. Holter criteria yielded similar results in both groups: 33% of patients presented episodes of myocardial ischaemia (32.6% vs 33.9% in the linsidomine and isosorbide dinitrate groups, P = 0.74), while 45% showed episodes of ventricular arrhythmia (43.5% vs 46.5% in the linsidomine and isosorbide dinitrate groups, P = 0.48). The incidence of serious clinical events at 72 h (death, myocardial infarction or myocardial revascularization) was 6.5% (5% vs 8% in the linsidomine and isosorbide dinitrate groups, P = 0.17). Intravenous linsidomine is at least as efficacious as isosorbide dinitrate in the stabilization of patients with severe unstable angina.
    European Heart Journal 09/1997; 18(8):1300-6. · 14.10 Impact Factor
  • European Neuropsychopharmacology 08/1997; 7:173-173. · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • R Bordet, P Thomas, B Dupuis
    The Lancet 08/1997; 350(9073):289. · 39.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test the hypothesis that saline solution plus dobutamine increases gastrointestinal mucosal perfusion better than saline solution alone in a model of endotoxic shock. Prospective, randomized, unblinded study. Animal research laboratory affiliated with a university teaching hospital. Twelve female pigs, weighing 30 to 32 kg. Animals were anesthetized, and their lungs were mechanically ventilated. Catheters were inserted into the right atrium, pulmonary artery, and carotid artery for blood sampling and blood pressure and cardiac output measurements. A tonometer and a laser Doppler probe were placed in the lumen of the stomach and the ileum for determination of mucosal acid-base status and measurement of mucosal blood flow. Group 1 animals (n = 6) received an infusion (T = 0 min) of 150 mcirog/kg Escherichia coli endotoxin and normal saline solution (0.3 mL/kg/min). Group 2 animals (n = 6) received an infusion of endotoxin and were resuscitated with the same method as used in group 1, but an infusion of dobutamine (5 microg/kg/min) was begun at T = 60 mins, and continued for the duration of the experiment. Both experimental regimens produced shock, with decreased mean arterial pressure and systemic vascular resistance, without change in cardiac output and oxygen delivery. Endotoxin plus saline infusion decreased gastrointestinal mucosal blood flow to <60% of baseline and decreased gastrointestinal pH. In contrast, gastrointestinal mucosal blood flow returned to baseline values, and intramucosal pH tended to normalize by the end of the saline solution plus dobutamine resuscitative protocol. Compared with saline solution alone, saline solution plus dobutamine increased blood flow to the gastrointestinal mucosa, and may have partially improved oxygenation.
    Critical Care Medicine 08/1997; 25(8):1371-7. · 6.12 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

693 Citations
272.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1990–2006
    • University of Lille Nord de France
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 1988–2000
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 1997
    • Institut Pasteur
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1991
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      • Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IPMC)
      Paris, Ile-de-France, France