Arzu Kalayci

Istanbul Medical University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (27)31.76 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although a treadmill exercise stress testing (EST) is often the first-line screening procedure for subjects with an intermediate probability of coronary artery disease (CAD), one limitation of this test is the high rate of inconclusive tests that result from borderline exercise-induced ST changes. The carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) correlates well with atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of performing CIMT measurements in patients with an inconclusive EST. Symptomatic patients without history of vascular disease and with inconclusive EST result were included. Inconclusive results were defined as the presence of horizontal or downsloping ST-segment depression between 0.5 and 0.9mm or 1.0 and 1.4mm upsloping ST-segment depression. After inconclusive EST regarding electrocardiographic changes, the measurements of the CIMT and myocardial perfusion imaging study (MPS) were performed in all patients. The CIMT was measured at the posterior wall of the common carotid artery. The diagnosis of CAD was based on the presence of reversible perfusion defects on exercise MPS. A total of 87 patients (57 men) with a mean age of 58.9±7.2 years were enrolled. The MPS was positive in 18 patients. The CIMT in patients with positive MPS was significantly greater than in patients with negative MPS. The CIMT was 0.82±0.33mm in patients with positive MPS and 0.63±0.21mm in patients with negative MPS (p=0.004). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses revealed that the greatest specificity was obtained when the cut-off value of CIMT was set at 0.66mm (sensitivity 39%; specificity 72.5%; positive predictive value 27%; negative predictive value 82%). In patients with inconclusive electrocardiographic changes during EST, CIMT was a useful measurement to prevent alternative more expensive and invasive tests. Additionally, mean CIMT is useful for screening patients with an inconclusive EST result to exclude CAD.
    Journal of Cardiology 12/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Varenicline (Champix, Chantix) has been available for use in smoking cessation since 2006. This drug has been associated with adverse cardiovascular events. Potential mechanisms for this association include modulation of parasymphathetic output from the brainstem to the heart, release of catecholamines and prothrombotic effect. We report the case of a 30-year-old man with no known cardiac disease, who developed thrombotic occlusion of left anterior descending artery and presented with acute coronary syndrome secondary to treatment with varenicline. The Naranjo probability scale indicates that varenicline was the probable cause of the myocardial infarction.
    Annals of Pharmacotherapy 11/2013; · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a disease spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We aimed to evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic function using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in patients with NAFLD and to investigate whether any changes exist among the subgroups of NAFLD. We included 55 NAFLD patients and 21 healthy controls. The diagnosis of NAFLD was made on the basis of liver biopsy. After the patients were categorized into groups according to their histopathological analysis (simple steatosis, borderline NASH, and definitive NASH), all patients underwent echocardiography. In the 2D-STE analysis of the LV global longitudinal strain (G-LS), strain rate in systole (G-SRsys), strain rate in early diastole (G-SRearly), and strain rate in late diastole (G-SRlate) values were obtained. G-LS and G-SRsys values were lower in the NAFLD group. Although there was a significant difference in the G-LS between controls and simple steatosis, borderline NASH, and definitive NASH, no significant differences were found between NAFLD groups. To investigate whether impaired LV systolic dysfunction, determined using 2D-STE, is the consequence of NAFLD components, we included a subgroup. A total of 11 patients with NAFLD who were normotensive, nondiabetic, nonobese, and had a normal lipid profile and low homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values were included. Echocardiographic abnormalities in systolic function were not different between this subgroup of NAFLD and healthy individuals. Patients with NAFLD and its subgroups have evidence of subclinical myocardial dysfunction in relation to the presence of insulin resistance. 2D-STE could not be used for differentiation of the NAFLD subgroups.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 10/2013; · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
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    ABSTRACT: YouTube has become a useful resource for knowledge and is widely used by medical students as an e-learning source. The purpose of this study was to assess the videos relating electrocardiogram (ECG) on YouTube. YouTube was searched on May 28, 2013 for the search terms "AF ecg" for atrial fibrillation, "AVNRT" for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, "AVRT" for atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia, "AV block or heart block" for atrioventricular block, "LBBB, RBBB" for bundle branch block, "left anterior fascicular block or left posterior fascicular block" for fascicular blocks, "VT ecg" for ventricular tachycardia, "long QT" and "Brugada ecg". Non-English language, unrelated and non-educational videos were excluded. Remaining videos were assessed for usefulness, source and characteristics. Usefulness was assessed with using a checklist developed by the authors. One hundred nineteen videos were included in the analysis. Sources of the videos were as follows: individuals n=70, 58.8%, universities/hospitals n=10, 8.4% and medical organizations n=3, 2.5%, health ads n=10 8.4%, health websites n=26, 21.8%. Fifty-six (47.1%) videos were classified as very useful and 16 (13.4%) videos were misleading. 90% of the videos uploaded by universities/hospitals were grouped as very useful videos, the same ratio was 45% for the individual uploads. There were statistically significant differences in ECG diagnosis among the groups (for very useful, useful and misleading, p<0.001, 0.02 and 0.008, respectively). The ratio of the misleading information in ventricular tachycardia videos was found to be 42.9%. YouTube has a substantial amount of videos on ECG with a wide diversity from useful to misleading content. The lack of quality content relating to ECG on YouTube necessitates that videos should be selected with utmost care.
    Journal of electrocardiology 10/2013; · 1.08 Impact Factor
  • Perfusion 09/2013; · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although very high gradient levels were measured during the evaluation of ventricular septal defect (VSD) in daily practice, these measurements are generally interpreted as erroneous and thus neglected. Our aim was to assess the features of VSD's having erroneous interventricular pressure gradients by echocardiography. A 46 patients were enrolled in the study. The patients with higher Doppler-derived interventricular gradient than brachial systolic blood pressure were compared with patients with lower gradient (group 1, n = 26; group 2, n = 20, respectively) in terms of echocardiographic characteristics of VSD. No significant relations were observed in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and interventricular synchronicity between two groups (117.1 ± 6.7 vs 110.2 ± 6.3 mmHg, p = 0.145; 74.7 ± 4.3 vs 73.2 ± 4.9 mmHg, p = 0.32; 31.2 ± 5.5 vs 33.2 ± 4.9 msn, p = 0.29, respectively). Left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters were greater in group 2 (46.6 ± 3.5 vs 49.5 ± 4.5, p = 0.022; 30.3 ± 2.5 vs 32.9 ± 3.2, p = 0.004, respectively). Doppler-derived interventricular pressure gradients were significantly higher in group 1 (144.4 ± 13.6 vs 75.7 ± 5.1 mmHg, p < 0.001, respectively). Defect width was significantly lower (3.20 ± 0.40 vs 4.8 ± 1.8 mm, respectively, p < 0.05), and length was greater in group 1 patients (5.75 ± 0.90 vs 2.80 ± 0.80 mm, p < 0.05, respectively). There was a significant positive correlation between pressure gradient and defect length (r = 0.84, p < 0.001), and a negative correlation between pressure gradient and defect width (r = -0.66, p < 0.001). Defect length/width was significantly greater in group 1. With the cut-off value of 1.2, defect length/width was able to predict tunnel-type VSD with sensitivity of 88.5 % and specificity of 72.7 %. Continuous-wave Doppler method may overestimate interventricular pressure gradients in patients with tunnel-type ventricular septal defect.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 09/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stent thrombosis is an example of device-induced, platelet-mediated arterial thrombosis with a potentially fatal adverse event that often leads to myocardial infarction and/or death. The optimal treatment of patients with drug-eluting stent thrombosis in whom mechanical thrombectomy has failed is not established. This case demonstrates the usefulness of intracoronary thrombolysis after failed mechanical thrombectomy in patients with stent thrombosis. To our knowledge, this is the first report on using intracoronary thrombolysis in this specific situation.
    Herz 07/2013; · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Contrast-induced neurotoxicity (CIN) is a very rare complication of coronary angiography. Clinical presentations include encephalopathy, seizures, cortical blindness, and focal neurological deficits. An inherent difficulty in understanding the natural history of the condition as well as its risk factors and prognosis is the rarity of its occurrence. To date, there are only case reports published on this complication. This was a retrospective analysis of 9 patients with CIN (8 men, 1 woman; mean age, 64.6 ± 7.8 years; range, 47-72 years) and coronary artery disease who were administered iopromide contrast agent. In the last 3 years, we diagnosed 9 patients with CIN. Of these, 8 patients (89 %) had hypertension. The clinical presentations of the patients were different on admission: 6 patients had acute coronary syndrome and 3 patients had stable angina pectoris. One patient had history of previous contrast agent exposure. All patients underwent coronary angiography with a low-osmolar nonionic monomer contrast agent (iopromide; Ultravist®-300, Bayer Healthcare). The mean volume of contrast injected was 177 ± 58 ml. The mean time between contrast agent administration and clinical symptoms was 100 ± 71 min (range, 30-240 min). While in 5 of the patients (56 %) the clinical sign of CIN was confusion, 2 had ophthalmoplegia, 1 had cerebellar dysfunction, and 1 had monoplegia. In 8 of 9 patients (89 %), neurological symptoms resolved after giving supportive medication and hydration. Only 1 female patient, who had bilateral ophthalmoplegia, did not recover. Neurological recovery occurred at a mean time of 14.2 ± 6.7 h (range, 8-30 h). CIN is a very rare condition. Advanced age, male gender, and hypertension are the greatest risk factors for CIN. Although the prognosis of CIN is benign, it can potentially cause permanent neurological deficits or death. We found that patients with ophthalmic involvement had a higher propensity for persistent deficit. On the basis of the current data, we propose 170 ml as the maximal recommended dose for coronary procedures.
    Herz 07/2013; · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The association between oral contraceptives (OC) and myocardial infarction remains controversial. The new generation contraceptive Yasmin (30 µg ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg drospirenone) has a lower estrogen and newer progestin component. To date, there are no data available for the myocardial infarction risk and outcome for drospirenone. We aimed to investigate the effect of Yasmin use on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary angioplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 1851 patients who underwent primary angioplasty for acute STEMI. Of them, 440 female patients (23.8%) composed the study population and 12 female (2.7%) were taking the oral contraceptive-Yasmin at the time of infarction. Patients were divided into two groups based on their age (<50 (n=339) and <50 years old). Patients under 50 years-old (n=101) were separated into two groups according to use of OC therapy (OC (+) group n=12; OC (-) group n=89). RESULTS: Patients who were older than 50 years-old were more likely to have comorbid conditions like diabetes mellitus and hypertension than other groups. Current smoking status was significantly higher in OC (+) group than OC (-) group (p=0.007). There was a significant difference in favour of OC (+) group when compared to OC (-) group for the increased angiographic thrombus burden according to both TIMI and Yip classification (p=0.045 and p=0.029, respectively). The incidence of final TIMI 3 flow and post-procedural complete ST resolution were significantly lower in OC (+) group (p=0.019, p=0.002, respectively). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, use of OC was found to be an independent predictor of high grade thrombus burden (OR 5.13, 95% CI 1.07-24.60, p=0.04) CONCLUSION: This is the first study to evaluate the myocardial infarction risk and its subsequent clinical sequelae in women having a STEMI while taking the OC-Yasmin. Women on the oral contraception Yasmin, who underwent coronary revascularization had a lower post-procedural complete ST resolution and worse left ventricular function. Furthermore, OC use with Yasmin is an independent predictor of a high-grade thrombus burden. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 01/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate left atrial deformations using speckle tracking echocardiography for predicting left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus in patients with suspected cardioembolic stroke who were in normal sinus rhythm. A total of 153 ischemic stroke patients (89 males, 64 females) in sinus rhythm who were suspected of having cardioembolism were included in the study. The patients underwent conventional two-dimensional (2D) echocardiogram and 2D speckle tracking echocardiogram of the left atrium. Left atrial peak strain (LA-4C-RES) and left atrial precontraction strain (LA-4C-PUMP) were measured. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of thrombus in the LAA in transesophageal echocardiography. Both LA-4C-RES and LA-4C-PUMP values were found to be significantly lower in patients with LAA thrombus (11.8 ± 1.4% vs. 33 ± 12%, P < 0.001 and 5.8 ± 1.3% vs. 14.2 ± 5.3%, P < 0.001, respectively). A good inverse correlation was present between LA-4C-RES values and LAA morphologic parameters (with LAA area: r = -0.70, P < 0.001, with LAA length: r = -0.60, P < 0.001), and a good positive correlation was present with LAA emptying velocity with pulse Doppler (r = 0.74, P < 0.001). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of the LA-4C-RES was 0.94 (0.90-0.98, P < 0.001), for the LA-4C-PUMP, the area was 0.92 (0.87-0.96, P < 0.001) to predict LAA thrombus. Left atrial deformation parameters measured by 2D speckle tracking method was found to predict impaired LAA functions and the presence of LAA thrombus in ischemic stroke patients with suspected cardioembolism, but who are in sinus rhythm.
    Echocardiography 01/2013; · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • Kardiologia polska 01/2013; 71(6):659. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital coronary anomalies are usually incidental, uncommon and asymptomatic. We present a case of a successful septal ablation of the first septal perforator artery arising from the circumflex artery in a patient with symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
    Perfusion 09/2012; · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital hypoplasia or agenesis of mitral valves is a very rare condition. It is sometimes seen together with other congenital anomalies. We present a demonstrative case of posterior mitral leaflet hypoplasia seen together with congenital lungs anomaly.
    Echocardiography 07/2012; 29(9):E247-9. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative ventricular septal defect (post-op VSD) after septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is a rare and unexpected complication. We report a case of successful percutaneous closure of VSD following septal myectomy and mitral valve replacement in a patient with intrinsic mitral valve disease and severe mitral valve regurgitation together with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
    Perfusion 05/2012; 27(3):253-5. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) itself has been accepted as an atherosclerotic risk factor and related to increased cardiovascular disease risk. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of epicardial fat thickness (EFT), a parameter associated with atherosclerosis in recent years, with carotid artery intima-media thickness (C-IMT), another parameter of subclinical atherosclerosis. We investigated 57 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD and 30 age-matched and sex-matched controls. EFT was obtained by transthoracic echocardiography and C-IMT was evaluated by an ultrasonographic measurement using a linear type B-mode probe. EFT and C-IMT were significantly higher in NAFLD patients compared with the controls (EFT: 0.58 ± 0.18 vs. 0.36 ± 0.17 cm, P<0.001 and C-IMT: 0.64 ± 0.1 vs. 0.52 ± 0.1 mm, P<0.001, respectively). We found a statistically significant correlation between EFT and BMI, C-IMT, waist circumference, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis scores in both groups. Stepwise regression analysis showed that C-IMT (β=0.36, t=2.86, P=0.006) and waist circumference (β=0.3, t=2.44, P=0.018), in the order they entered into the model, were independent predictors of EFT in patients with NAFLD. Our findings indicate that EFT and C-IMT were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD compared with the controls and waist circumference and C-IMT are independent predictors for EFT in patients with NAFLD.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 04/2012; 24(6):613-8. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. SCAD has been observed in three groups of patients; those with coronary atherosclerosis, women in the peripartum period, and those with an idiopathic cause. SCAD may also be associated with other conditions. Herein, we present a 44-year-old man who developed SCAD concomitant with Leriche syndrome.
    Cardiovascular journal of Africa. 04/2012; 23(3):e3-5.
  • Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 03/2012; 12(3):272-3. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a common cyanotic congenital heart disease. The most important late complications observed after repair of TOF are atrio-ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. We present a rare case of fatal embolism and sudden cardiac death in a 36-year-old patient, 30 years after the operation for TOF.
    Cardiovascular journal of Africa 01/2012; 23(1):e11-2. · 0.85 Impact Factor
  • Echocardiography 11/2011; 29(2):E52-3. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular hypersensitivity is a rare and well-documented side-effect of 5-FU (5-fluorouracil). Besides the common complications such as angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, it can also cause cardiogenic shock, and supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. Studies have reported that FU-induced angina most commonly occurred due to vasospasm. In our case, 9 hours after stopping the infusion of 5-FU, the patients developed symptoms and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings consistent with acute myocardial infarction. We intend to share this rare case and discuss whether this late complication after 5-FU infusion is an FU-induced vasospasm or rather an allergic reaction leading to Kounis syndrome.
    Perfusion 05/2011; 26(6):542-5. · 0.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

9 Citations
31.76 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Istanbul Medical University
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    • University of Padova
      • Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences
      Padova, Veneto, Italy
  • 2010–2013
    • Koşuyolu Kalp ve Araştırma Hastanesi
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey