Antonio Moscariello

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States

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Publications (7)23.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of iterative reconstruction in image space (IRIS) on image noise, image quality (IQ), and postprocessing at coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) compared to traditional filtered back-projection (FBP). The cCTA results of 50 patients (26 men; 58 ± 15 years, body mass index 31.5 ± 6.7 kg/m²) were investigated using a second-generation dual-source computed tomography system. Scan data were reconstructed with the use of IRIS and FBP algorithms. Two radiologists independently evaluated the reconstructions using automated coronary tree analysis software. Image noise was measured and IQ was rated on a 5-point Likert scale. The number of manual corrections after automated vessel segmentation, the time required to complete segmentation, and the number of missed segments were assessed in both IRIS and FBP reconstructions. Results were compared using paired t-test. IRIS significantly reduced image noise compared to FBP (23.3 ± 8.8 vs. 33.5 ± 13.5 Hounsfield units, P < .001). Subjective IQ improved with IRIS (IRIS 3.2 ± 1.0 vs. FBP 3.0 ± 1.0, P < .05). IRIS decreased the time needed for coronary segmentation from 111.9 ± 40.5 seconds to 95.2 ± 38.2 seconds with FBP (P < .01) and required fewer manual corrections (5.7 ± 3.0 vs. 6.8 ± 3.6, P < .01). The number of missed vessel segments was not significantly different (3.6 ± 1.8 vs. 3.8 ± 1.9, P > .05) between IRIS and FBP, respectively. During cCTA postprocessing, IRIS significantly decreases the time and the number of manual corrections for a complete coronary segmentation compared to FBP. This effect is likely attributable to suppression of image noise by IRIS, which improves the performance of automated vessel segmentation and positively impacts cCTA analysis.
    Academic radiology 12/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare subjective and objective image quality in 20% tube current coronary CT angiography (cCTA) datasets between an iterative reconstruction algorithm (SAFIRE) and traditional filtered back projection (FBP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients underwent a prospectively ECG-triggered dual-step cCTA protocol using 2nd generation dual-source CT (DSCT). CT raw data was reconstructed using standard FBP at full-dose (Group_1a) and 80% tube current reduced low-dose (Group_1b). The low-dose raw data was additionally reconstructed using iterative raw data reconstruction (Group_2). Attenuation and image noise were measured in three regions of interest and signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) as well as contrast-to-noise-ratio (CNR) was calculated. Subjective diagnostic image quality was evaluated using a 4-point Likert scale. RESULTS: Mean image noise of group_2 was lowered by 22% on average when compared to group_1b (p<0.0001-0.0033), while there were no significant differences in mean attenuation within the same anatomical regions. The lower image noise resulted in significantly higher SNR and CNR ratios in group_2 compared to group_1b (p<0.0001-0.0232). Subjective image quality of group_2 (1.88±0.63) was also rated significantly higher when compared to group_1b (1.58±0.63, p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Image quality of 80% tube current reduced iteratively reconstructed cCTA raw data is significantly improved when compared to standard FBP and consequently may improve the diagnostic accuracy of cCTA.
    European journal of radiology 11/2012; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To assess the efficacy of coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography for therapeutic decision making in patients with high likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD)-specifically the ability of coronary CT angiography to help differentiate patients without and patients with a need for revascularization and determine the appropriate revascularization procedure. Materials and Methods: The study protocol was approved by institutional review board, with written informed consent from all patients. The study was conducted in compliance with HIPAA. One hundred eighty-five consecutive symptomatic patients (121 men; mean age, 59.4 years ± 9.7) with a positive single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion study underwent coronary CT angiography and conventional cardiac angiography (hereafter, cardiac catheterization). The management strategy (conservative treatment vs revascularization) and revascularization procedure (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] vs coronary artery bypass graft surgery [CABG]) were prospectively selected on the basis of a combination of coronary CT angiography and SPECT. In addition, the authors calculated the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values of coronary CT angiography in the detection of obstructive CAD and the selection of a revascularization strategy. Cardiac catheterization was used as the standard of reference. Results: Of the 185 patients, 113 (61%) did not undergo revascularization and 42 (23%) were free of CAD. In 178 patients (96%), the same therapeutic strategy (conservative treatment vs revascularization) was chosen on the basis of coronary CT angiography and catheterization. All patients in need of revascularization were identified with coronary CT angiography. When revascularization was indicated, the same procedure (PCI vs CABG) was chosen in 66 of 72 patients (92%). Conclusion: In patients with high likelihood of CAD, the performance of coronary CT angiography in the differentiation of patients without and patients with a need for revascularization and the selection of a revascularization strategy was similar to that of cardiac catheterization; accordingly, coronary CT angiography has the potential to limit the number of patients without obstructive CAD who undergo cardiac catheterization and to inform decision making regarding revascularization. © RSNA, 2012 Supplemental material: http://radiology.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/radiol.12112426/-/DC1.
    Radiology 08/2012; 265(2):385-392. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the CT-based approaches aimed at the assessment of myocardial infarction, ischemia, and viability described in the recent literature. CONCLUSION: Rapid advances in CT technology not only have improved visualization of coronary arteries but also increasingly enable noncoronary myocardial applications, including analysis of wall motion and the state of the myocardial blood supply. These advancements hold promise for eventually accomplishing the goal of comprehensively evaluating coronary heart disease with a single noninvasive modality.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 03/2012; 198(3):531-47. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively evaluate the accuracy of left and right ventricular function and myocardial mass measurements based on a dual-step, low radiation dose protocol with prospectively ECG-triggered 2nd generation dual-source CT (DSCT), using cardiac MRI (cMRI) as the reference standard. Twenty patients underwent 1.5T cMRI and prospectively ECG-triggered dual-step pulsing cardiac DSCT. This image acquisition mode performs low-radiation (20% tube current) imaging over the majority of the cardiac cycle and applies full radiation only during a single adjustable phase. Full-radiation-phase images were used to assess cardiac morphology, while low-radiation-phase images were used to measure left and right ventricular function and mass. Quantitative CT measurements based on contiguous multiphase short-axis reconstructions from the axial CT data were compared with short-axis SSFP cardiac cine MRI. Contours were manually traced around the ventricular borders for calculation of left and right ventricular end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, stroke volume, ejection fraction and myocardial mass for both modalities. Statistical methods included independent t-tests, the Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson correlation statistics, and Bland-Altman analysis. All CT measurements of left and right ventricular function and mass correlated well with those from cMRI: for left/right end-diastolic volume r=0.885/0.801, left/right end-systolic volume r=0.947/0.879, left/right stroke volume r=0.620/0.697, left/right ejection fraction r=0.869/0.751, and left/right myocardial mass r=0.959/0.702. Mean radiation dose was 6.2±1.8mSv. Prospectively ECG-triggered, dual-step pulsing cardiac DSCT accurately quantifies left and right ventricular function and myocardial mass in comparison with cMRI with substantially lower radiation exposure than reported for traditional retrospective ECG-gating.
    European journal of radiology 08/2011; 81(4):e598-604. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare image noise, image quality and diagnostic accuracy of coronary CT angiography (cCTA) using a novel iterative reconstruction algorithm versus traditional filtered back projection (FBP) and to estimate the potential for radiation dose savings. Sixty five consecutive patients (48 men; 59.3 ± 7.7 years) prospectively underwent cCTA and coronary catheter angiography (CCA). Full radiation dose data, using all projections, were reconstructed with FBP. To simulate image acquisition at half the radiation dose, 50% of the projections were discarded from the raw data. The resulting half-dose data were reconstructed with sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE). Full-dose FBP and half-dose iterative reconstructions were compared with regard to image noise and image quality, and their respective accuracy for stenosis detection was compared against CCA. Compared with full-dose FBP, half-dose iterative reconstructions showed significantly (p = 0.001 - p = 0.025) lower image noise and slightly higher image quality. Iterative reconstruction improved the accuracy of stenosis detection compared with FBP (per-patient: accuracy 96.9% vs. 93.8%, sensitivity 100% vs. 100%, specificity 94.6% vs. 89.2%, NPV 100% vs. 100%, PPV 93.3% vs. 87.5%). Iterative reconstruction significantly reduces image noise without loss of diagnostic information and holds the potential for substantial radiation dose reduction from cCTA.
    European Radiology 05/2011; 21(10):2130-8. · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: We compared cost-effectiveness and potential lifetime benefits of using dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for myocardial perfusion assessment instead of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for the workup of coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A decision and simulation model was developed to estimate cost and health effects of using DECT myocardial perfusion imaging instead of SPECT for identifying patients in need of invasive imaging and possible revascularization. The model was based on the performance indices of stress/rest DECT compared with stress/rest SPECT for detecting myocardial perfusion deficits in 50 patients (mean age 61±10 years) with CAD. Stress/rest perfusion and delayed enhancement cardiac MRI served as reference standard. For DECT a reimbursement of US$1700 was assumed but costs of cardiac MRI were not included in the model. All other actual healthcare costs in these patients were derived from MUSC's hospital billing system. RESULTS: Compared with cardiac MRI, DECT (versus SPECT) had 90% (85%) sensitivity and 71% (58%) specificity for identifying patients with obstructive CAD. Compared with the no imaging and no treatment strategy, routine SPECT gained 13.49 quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of US$3557 (in 2010) per QALY. In comparison, DECT ICER was lower (US$3.191 per QALY, p=0.0002) and an additional 0.64 QALYs was obtained (total of 14.13 QALYs) if compared with the SPECT strategy as well as the no imaging and no treatment strategy. CONCLUSION: Using DECT as the first-line imaging test for myocardial perfusion for the workup of patients with CAD has the potential to provide gains in QALYs, while lowering costs if compared to routine myocardial perfusion SPECT.
    European journal of radiology 01/2011; · 2.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

106 Citations
23.60 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2013
    • Medical University of South Carolina
      • Heart and Vascular Center
      Charleston, South Carolina, United States
  • 2012
    • Maastricht Universitair Medisch Centrum
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands