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Publications (3)5.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Rats were submitted to a training and a test session in a shuttle avoidance task. In some groups, a second training session was interpolated 2 or 24 hr after the first session. In others, a session of extinction was interpolated 2 or 24 hr after the training session. When the interpolated task was 2 hr after training, training-test interval was 24 hr. When the interpolated task was 24 hr after training, training-test interval was 48 hr. The additional training enhanced, and the extinction depressed, retention test performance. Diazepam, given 30 min prior to the first (or only) training session enhanced the performance of avoidance responses in that session but inhibited it in the subsequent retention test. Diazepam given 90 min after training had no effect on retention. Diazepam given 30 min prior to either the additional training session or the extinction session did not affect performance in that session but cancelled their effects on retention test performance. The effects are related to the previously described prevention by diazepam of interfering effects on memory.
    Behavioral Neuroscience 03/1989; 103(1):202-5. · 2.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rats were trained in a step-down inhibitory avoidance task using a 0.3-mA, 2-s, 60 Hz footshock and tested 24 hr later. The animals received, 1 min after training and/or 5 min before testing, an ip injection of saline, ACTH (0.2 microgram/kg), lysine-vasopressin (10 micrograms/kg), epinephrine (5 micrograms/kg), naloxone (0.4 mg/kg), or a combination of naloxone with one of the hormones. Both the posttraining and the pretest injection of the hormones enhanced retention test performance; the enhancement was larger in animals that received the two treatments. Posttraining, but not pretest, naloxone administration also caused an enhancement. However, posttraining naloxone potentiated, and pretest naloxone antagonized, the effect of the concomitantly injected hormones. These data show that the posttraining and the pretest effect of the hormones are independent, are due to different mechanisms, and can be additive. In addition, it does not seem possible to explain posttraining memory facilitation by the hormones as owing to an addition to the reinforcement.
    Behavioral Neuroscience 11/1988; 102(5):803-6. · 2.63 Impact Factor
  • C Dalmaz, M G Godoy, I Izquierdo
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    ABSTRACT: Rats received an ip injection of 0.2 microgram/kg of ACTH-(1-39) 1 min after step-down inhibitory avoidance training and/or 5 min prior to retention testing. Experiments were carried out either in the morning or in the afternoon using either a 3- or a 24-h training-test interval. Post-training ACTH induced memory facilitation in the morning and amnesia in the afternoon at both training-test intervals. Pretest ACTH reversed the afternoon amnesic effect, also at both training-test intervals. In addition, pretest ACTH induced a naloxone-reversible memory enhancement, both on its own and in animals treated with a facilitatory post-training dose of ACTH in the morning; this effect was seen only at the 24-h training-test interval. Naloxone had no effect of its own and did not influence the reversal of ACTH-induced amnesia caused by pretest ACTH in the afternoon. The results point to the variety of memory modulatory influences of ACTH, and to some of the factors involved in the elicitation of one or other effect, namely, the presumable basal rate of secretion of endogenous ACTH, and the previous pharmacological history of the animal.
    Behavioral and Neural Biology 06/1988; 49(3):406-11.