Anna Siatouni

Evangelismos Hospital, Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (18)32.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We study the effectiveness and safety of intrathecal baclofen therapy for the treatment of spasticity and gait improvement in patients suffering from hereditary spastic paraplegia.
    Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 06/2014; 123C:142-145.
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    ABSTRACT: Symptoms of psychological distress are relatively common in spasticity patients as a result either of the primary central nervous system insult or as a reaction to the ensuing impairment. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) is an established treatment for the spasticity with an unknown effect on the psychiatric symptoms. In this study, we evaluate the role of ITB in the amelioration of psychological distress symptoms in 15 patients who were not mentally disabled or psychotic. The patients were assessed with the Symptom Check List 90-Revised before and a mean of 12 months after ITB treatment. A significant improvement was noted at the subscales of positive symptoms total and anxiety. The anxiety subscale improvement was correlated with the ITB dose, but not with the reduction in the spasticity. An interesting trend was also noted in the subscales of general severity index, depression, and obsession-compulsion. The results show an additional beneficial effect of ITB and highlight the need of further clarification of the causative mechanism.
    Journal of clinical psychopharmacology 04/2014; · 5.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Recent cross-disciplinary literature suggests a dynamical analogy between earthquakes and epileptic seizures. This study extends the focus of inquiry for the applicability of models for earthquake dynamics to examine both scalp-recorded and intracranial electroencephalogram recordings related to epileptic seizures. Approach. First, we provide an updated definition of the electric event in terms of magnitude and we focus on the applicability of (i) a model for earthquake dynamics, rooted in a nonextensive Tsallis framework, (ii) the traditional Gutenberg and Richter law and (iii) an alternative method for the magnitude-frequency relation for earthquakes. Second, we apply spatiotemporal analysis in terms of nonextensive statistical physics and we further examine the behavior of the parameters included in the nonextensive formula for both types of electroencephalogram recordings under study. Main results. We confirm the previously observed power-law distribution, showing that the nonextensive formula can adequately describe the sequences of electric events included in both types of electroencephalogram recordings. We also show the intermittent behavior of the epileptic seizure cycle which is analogous to the earthquake cycles and we provide evidence of self-affinity of the regional electroencephalogram epileptic seizure activity. Significance. This study may provide a framework for the analysis and interpretation of epileptic brain activity and other biological phenomena with similar underlying dynamical mechanisms.
    Journal of Neural Engineering 03/2014; 11(2):026012. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective We study the effectiveness and safety of intrathecal baclofen therapy for the treatment of spasticity and gait improvement in patients suffering from hereditary spastic paraplegia. Methods Sixteen patients diagnosed with hereditary spastic paraplegia (mean age: 43 years) were enrolled in this open prospective study. The main inclusion criteria were: spastic paraparesis with a negative laboratory and imaging work-up (apart from spinal cord atrophy), unsuccessful trial of oral anti-spasticity drugs. An intrathecal baclofen trial was initially performed and a pump for the intrathecal administration of baclofen was implanted to the patients who responded favorably to the baclofen trial. The patients were followed for lower limbs’ spasticity, walking performance and complications. Results Fourteen patients had a positive baclofen trial and were submitted to the implantation of the baclofen pump. The average follow-up period was 25.8 months. All patients had a reduction in lower limbs’ spasticity measured in the modified Ashworth scale from 2.6 (±0.8) to 0.7 (±0.9) (p = .000). Walking ability was improved in a modified version of the functional walking scale of the Gillette Functional Assessment Questionnaire from 5.9 (±1.7) to 7.4 (±2.0) (p = .001). Two patients had to be re-operated due to a catheter fracture. Conclusions Intrathecal baclofen can offer an improvement in spasticity and in the walking performance in patients suffering from hereditary spastic paraplegia. The underlying residual motor function and the patient’s adherence to the rehabilitation program might contribute to the post-operative improvement of gait.
    Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. 01/2014; 123:142–145.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Depression is common among patients with epilepsy. The aim of our study was twofold: to estimate the prevalence of a major depressive episode and to identify its determinants among patients with epilepsy treated in the largest Greek hospital in Athens. Methods All consecutive patients with epilepsy that visited the epilepsy outpatient clinic of Evangelismos General Hospital were invited to participate in the study. Ninety-four patients met our inclusion criteria. Results A diagnosis of a current major depressive episode was established in 21 out of 94 eligible to participate (22.3%) patients. Being a female was associated with a 19.68-fold increase in the odds of having a major depressive episode (95% CI 3.39–114.14, p = 0.001); being unemployed was associated with a 6.46-fold increase in the odds of having a major depressive episode (95% CI 1.23–34.07, p = 0.028), and each extra seizure experienced per month was associated with a 1.38-fold increase in the odds of having a major depressive episode (95% CI 1.03–1.85, p = 0.031). Conclusion Unemployment, female gender, and seizure control are important determinants of a major depression episode among patients with epilepsy.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 01/2014; 33:106–109. · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we present the case of a left-sided speech dominant patient with right medial temporal sclerosis (RMTS) and pharmacoresistant epilepsy who showed improved verbal memory during intracarotid amobarbital test (IAT) at his right hemisphere as compared with his own performance before the drug injection (baseline), as well as after right selective amygdalohippocampectomy. We suggest that the defective verbal memory shown by this patient is due to abnormal activity of his right hippocampus that interfered with the function of his left hippocampus. This hypothesis was demonstrated by the fact that disconnection of the two hippocampi, either by anesthetisation or by resection of the right hippocampus, disengaged the left hippocampus and, consequently improved its function. This paper main objective is twofold: first to contribute to the field of neuropsychology of epilepsy surgery by emphasising on postoperative memory outcomes in right medial temporal lobe epilepsy (RMTLE) patients, particularly those undergoing amygdalohippocampectomy, as the pattern of memory changes after resection of the right temporal lobe is less clear; second, by focusing on memory performance asymmetries during IAT, and comparatively considering them with neuropsychological memory performance, because of their possible prognostic-simulating value.
    Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 02/2013; · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (NDDI-E) was developed as a screening tool for symptoms of major depressive episodes in people with epilepsy. Our study describes the development, validation, and psychometric properties of the Greek version of the NDDI-E. A consecutive sample of 101 patients with epilepsy, eligible to participate in the study, has been assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview version 5.0.0 and the NDDI-E. All patients had no major difficulties in understanding or answering the questions of the Greek version. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.74. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed an area under the curve of 91% (95% CI = 83%–99%; SE: 0.040, p < 0.001). At a cutoff score of greater than 15, the NDDI-E showed a sensitivity of 91%, a specificity of 81%, and a negative predictive value of 97%.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 01/2013; 29(3):513–515. · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This is a case of a 69-year-old male patient with long-standing iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. The clinical evaluation revealed mild neurological symptoms and excessive brain calcinosis. Intracranial calcification that affects structures other than the basal ganglia and the cerebellum is a rare manifestation of postoperative hypoparathyroidism. Detection of brain calcinosis in patients who had total thyroidectomy can motivate clinicians in further investigation of possible hypoparathyroidism with measurement of calcium and phosphorus serum levels.
    Case Reports in Medicine 01/2013; 2013:932184.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To present a case involving a discrepancy in the presurgical data of a patient suffering from pharmacoresistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 47-year-old, female patient with complex partial seizures since her twenties came to be evaluated in the Epilepsy Surgery Unit. The ictal electroencephalogram suggested a left temporal epileptogenic zone and the magnetic resonance image showed an abnormality in the right mesial temporal lobe. Intracranial monitoring revealed a pacemaker zone in the right hippocampus that discharged fast spreading to the left mesial temporal lobe, a phenomenon known as 'burned-out hippocampus'. Conclusion: The intracranial recording, even though it is an invasive procedure, was necessary for the presurgical evaluation of our patient. This case demonstrates the risks of using surface electroencephalography to determine localization of epileptogenic zones.
    Medical Principles and Practice 08/2012; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective.— To explore the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam in medical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.Background.— Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are considered as first-line treatment for trigeminal neuralgia, although their use is often limited due to incomplete efficacy and tolerability. Newer AEDs with improved safety profile may be useful in this disorder.Methods.— Patients suffering from trigeminal neuralgia (either primary or secondary) refractory to previous treatments were recruited to be treated with levetiracetam (3-4 g/day) for 16 weeks as add-on therapy, after a 2-week baseline period. Rescue medication was allowed in both the baseline and treatment phases. The primary efficacy measure was the number of attacks per day. The patients' efficacy evaluation, the patients' global evaluation for both safety and efficacy, changes in the Hamilton Depression Scale, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, and the Quality of Life Measure Short Form-36 were secondary parameters.Results.— Twenty-three patients were included in the analysis. After treatment and compared to the baseline phase, the number of daily attacks decreased by 62.4%. All secondary parameters changed significantly with the exception of the Quality of Life Measure Short Form-36 score. Seven patients withdrew from the study. Five patients (21.7%) reported side effects and 2 withdrew.Conclusions.— Levetiracetam may be effective and safe in trigeminal neuralgia treatment. Confirmation in a randomized controlled study is needed.(Headache 2010;50:1371-1377)
    Headache The Journal of Head and Face Pain 09/2010; 50(8):1371 - 1377. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fractal dimension (FD) is a natural measure of the irregularity of a curve. In this study the performances of three waveform FD estimation algorithms (i.e. Katz's, Higuchi's and the k-nearest neighbour (k-NN) algorithm) were compared in terms of their ability to detect the onset of epileptic seizures in scalp electroencephalogram (EEG). The selection of parameters involved in FD estimation, evaluation of the accuracy of the different algorithms and assessment of their robustness in the presence of noise were performed based on synthetic signals of known FD. When applied to scalp EEG data, Katz's and Higuchi's algorithms were found to be incapable of producing consistent changes of a single type (either a drop or an increase) during seizures. On the other hand, the k-NN algorithm produced a drop, starting close to the seizure onset, in most seizures of all patients. The k-NN algorithm outperformed both Katz's and Higuchi's algorithms in terms of robustness in the presence of noise and seizure onset detection ability. The seizure detection methodology, based on the k-NN algorithm, yielded in the training data set a sensitivity of 100% with 10.10 s mean detection delay and a false positive rate of 0.27 h(-1), while the corresponding values in the testing data set were 100%, 8.82 s and 0.42 h(-1), respectively. The above detection results compare favourably to those of other seizure onset detection methodologies applied to scalp EEG in the literature. The methodology described, based on the k-NN algorithm, appears to be promising for the detection of the onset of epileptic seizures based on scalp EEG.
    Journal of Neural Engineering 08/2010; 7(4):046007. · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 05/2010; 81(5):500-1. · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Predicting the evolution of epilepsy is of obvious importance for patients and their families. Value of electroencephalography (EEG) is extensively used in the diagnosis of epilepsy yet its role as a prognostication method remains unclear. The aim of the present retrospective study is to investigate the relationship between serial EEG recordings and long-term clinical and social outcomes in a cohort of patients with epilepsy. Thirty-nine epileptic patients were monitored clinically and with repeat EEG recordings for more than 15 years. All patients who initially had epileptiform discharges ended up with poor or moderate seizure control whereas more than half of the patients with normal initial recordings had good clinical outcomes and satisfactory social adjustment. Deterioration of the recordings over time was associated with unfavourable results in a significant proportion of patients (90%), while stable or improved EEG findings predicted a favourable outcome. It is concluded that serial EEG recordings can be used in the prognostic evaluation of epilepsy.
    Neurology International 01/2010; 2(2):e18.
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    ABSTRACT: We describe two female patients with drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and chronic drug-resistant psychosis. In both patients, MRI scans revealed left mesial temporal sclerosis. After clinical assessment, ictal video/EEG monitoring, and a neuropsychological evaluation including Wada testing, the patients underwent selective left amygdalohippocampectomy. Since the operation, the two patients have remained free of seizures for 17 and 15 months. During the same period, both patients have sustained a full remission of the psychosis.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 09/2008; 14(2):393-5. · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common psychiatric symptoms in patients with epilepsy, exerting a profound negative effect on health-related quality of life. Several issues, however, pertaining to their association with psychosocial, seizure-related and medication factors, remain controversial. Accordingly, the present study was designed to investigate the association of interictal mood disorders with various demographic and seizure-related variables in patients with newly-diagnosed and chronic epilepsy. METHODS: We investigated 201 patients with epilepsy (51.2% males, mean age 33.2 ± 10.0 years, range 16–60) with a mean disease duration of 13.9 ± 9.5 years. Depression and anxiety were assessed in the interictal state with the Beck Depression Inventory, 21-item version (BDI-21) and the state and trait subscales of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S and STAI-T), respectively. The association of mood disorders with various variables was investigated with simple and multiple linear regression analyses. RESULTS: High seizure frequency and symptomatic focal epilepsy (SFE) were independent determinants of depression, together accounting for 12.4% of the variation of the BDI-21. The STAI-S index was significantly associated with the type of epilepsy syndrome (SFE). Finally, high seizure frequency, SFE and female gender were independent determinants of trait anxiety accounting for 14.7% of the variation of the STAI-T. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm the prevailing view that depression and anxiety are common psychological disorders in epileptics. It is additionally concluded that female gender, high seizure frequency and a symptomatic epilepsy syndrome are independent risk factors for the development of anxiety and/or depression.
    Annals of General Psychiatry 01/2008; 7:1-1. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 79-year old male patient developed a brain abscess as infective transformation of a preceding intracerebral haemorrhage after urinary tract infection. The awareness of brain abscess formation at the site of intracerebral haemorrhage is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment of this rare but potentially fatal complication.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 11/2007; 14(10):986-9. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depression and anxiety are common psychiatric symptoms in patients with epilepsy, exerting a profound negative effect on health-related quality of life. Several issues, however, pertaining to their association with psychosocial, seizure-related and medication factors, remain controversial. Accordingly, the present study was designed to investigate the association of interictal mood disorders with various demographic and seizure-related variables in patients with newly-diagnosed and chronic epilepsy. We investigated 201 patients with epilepsy (51.2% males, mean age 33.2 +/- 10.0 years, range 16-60) with a mean disease duration of 13.9 +/- 9.5 years. Depression and anxiety were assessed in the interictal state with the Beck Depression Inventory, 21-item version (BDI-21) and the state and trait subscales of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S and STAI-T), respectively. The association of mood disorders with various variables was investigated with simple and multiple linear regression analyses. High seizure frequency and symptomatic focal epilepsy (SFE) were independent determinants of depression, together accounting for 12.4% of the variation of the BDI-21. The STAI-S index was significantly associated with the type of epilepsy syndrome (SFE). Finally, high seizure frequency, SFE and female gender were independent determinants of trait anxiety accounting for 14.7% of the variation of the STAI-T. Our results confirm the prevailing view that depression and anxiety are common psychological disorders in epileptics. It is additionally concluded that female gender, high seizure frequency and a symptomatic epilepsy syndrome are independent risk factors for the development of anxiety and/or depression.
    Annals of General Psychiatry 02/2007; 6:28. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    Stylianos Gatzonis, Anna Siatouni
    Journal of Medical Case Reports