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Publications (5)12.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to assess the utility of hyperuricemia as a marker for diabetes and prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose) and insulin resistance in young adults. Using Cox proportional hazards regression models, the authors analyzed 15-year follow-up data on 5,012 persons in 4 US cities who were aged 18-30 years and diabetes-free at the time of enrollment. At baseline (1986), 88% of participants had a body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) less than 30. During the follow-up period (through 2001), the incidence rates of diabetes and prediabetes (insulin resistance and impaired fasting glucose) were higher among persons with greater serum urate concentrations. In multivariable Cox regression analyses that adjusted for age, gender, race, body mass index, family history of diabetes, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, smoking, and alcohol use, the hazard ratios for diabetes, insulin resistance, and prediabetes among persons with hyperuricemia (serum urate level >7 mg/dL vs. ≤7.0 mg/dL) were 1.87 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.33, 2.62), 1.36 (95% CI: 1.23, 1.51), and 1.25 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.52), respectively. This observation was generally consistent across subgroups. The authors conclude that hyperuricemia in the midtwenties is an independent marker for predicting diabetes and prediabetes among young adults in the subsequent 15 years.
    American journal of epidemiology 07/2012; 176(2):108-16. · 5.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have investigated the association between hyperuricemia and subclinical myocardial dysfunction. The authors analyzed the relationship between serum uric acid and subclinical markers of heart failure in participants in the Framingham Offspring Cohort (N=2169, mean age 57.3 years, 55.4% women). Cardiac dysfunction was assessed through echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular (LV) mass and thickness, end-diastolic LV thickness, and LV fractional shortening at the sixth visit, approximately 24 years after study onset. Participants in the highest serum uric acid quartile (≥ 6.2 mg/dL serum uric acid) had a significantly greater frequency of echocardiographic abnormalities compared with those in the lowest quartile (<4.3 mg/dL). Those in the highest quartile had multivariable-adjusted odds ratios of 9.013 (95% confidence interval, 2.051-39.604) for abnormal LV ejection fraction and 4.584 (95% confidence interval, 1.951-10.768) for LV systolic dysfunction compared with those in the lowest quartile. Hyperuricemia in young adults can be a marker for subsequent heart failure.
    Congestive Heart Failure 05/2012; 18(3):138-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) are often at risk for complications, including subsequent MI and death. Use of prognostic markers may aid in preventing these poor outcomes. Hyperuricemia is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and/or mortality; however, it is unknown if serum urate (sUA) levels predict outcomes in patients with previous MI. The purpose of this study was to assess hyperuricemia as a biomarker of CHD outcomes in such patients. These were post hoc analyses of datasets from the Aspirin Myocardial Infarction Study, a 1:1 randomized, double-blind clinical trial, conducted from 1975 to 1979, that examined mortality rates following daily aspirin administration over three years in individuals with documented MI. The primary outcome measures were all-cause death, CHD mortality, coronary incidence, and stroke by quartile of baseline sUA. A sub-analysis of all outcome measures in the presence or absence of gouty arthritis was also performed. Of 4,524 enrolled participants, data on 4,352 were analyzed here. All outcomes were greatest for patients in the fourth sUA quartile. In multivariate regression models, the hazard ratios (HR) for patients in the highest quartile were 1.88 for all-cause mortality (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.45 to 2.46), 1.99 for CHD mortality (95% CI, 1.49 to 2.66), and 1.36 for coronary incidence (95% CI, 1.08 to 1.70). Participants with untreated gout had an adjusted hazard ratio ranging from 1.5 to 2.0 (all P < 0.01) for these outcomes. Participants with gout who were receiving treatment did not exhibit this additional risk. sUA and untreated gout may be independent prognostic markers for poor all-cause and CHD mortality in patients with recent acute MI.
    Arthritis research & therapy 01/2012; 14(1):R10. · 4.27 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Kidney Diseases - AMER J KIDNEY DIS. 01/2011; 57(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Allopurinol is used to lower serum uric acid (sUA) levels in gout patients. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of physician specialty on allopurinol treatment patterns and sUA control. This was a retrospective study using claims from a managed care database of US health plan enrollees. Gout patients at least 18 years of age who received allopurinol were identified from the database between January 1, 2002 and April 30, 2007. The index date was defined as the date of the earliest allopurinol claim, and patients were required to have health plan enrollment for at least 365 days prior to and following the index date for inclusion. Physician specialty was determined using the index allopurinol claim. Dosage of allopurinol prescription(s) and number of gout flares were determined from claims data. sUA measurements were used to assess goal attainment over a period of at least one year following the index allopurinol prescription. There were 3363 patients with gout of whom 69.9% received an index allopurinol prescription from a generalist/internist, 5.7% from a rheumatologist, 2.6% from a nephrologist, and 21.8% from a physician with other specialty. Of patients receiving their index prescription from a nephrologist, 38.7% reached the sUA goal of <6 mg/dL (357 μmol/L), as compared to patients prescribed by a rheumatologist, generalist/internist, or other physician (35.4%, 31.4%, and 39.4%, respectively; P = 0.015). When controlling for patient characteristics, multivariate analysis did not reveal statistically significant different odds of sUA goal attainment based on prescribing physician specialty, though separate analyses indicated that patients prescribed by a nephrologist had fewer gout flares. Change in allopurinol dosage from initial to final dose was more frequent among patients prescribed by rheumatologists and nephrologists. There is significant heterogeneity in the specialists' management of sUA levels in patients with gout, possibly reflecting differences in case mix and treatment approaches. Limitations related to the use of claims data, such as inability to observe medications filled over-the-counter, should be considered when interpreting study results.
    Current Medical Research and Opinion 01/2011; 27(4):737-44. · 2.37 Impact Factor