Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the injury effects of microwave on the visual performance and the apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in rats and the relationship between the impaired visual performance and RGCs apoptosis induced by microwave. The visual performance of rats was observed by Electroretinogram (ERG) and Flash visual evoked potentials (F-VEP). The apoptosis of RGCs in vivo and in vitro was detected by TUNEL assay and Hoechst staining. Microwave exposure had no influence on ERG-a wave. The amplitude of ERG-b wave decreased significantly on the 3rd day and 7th day after microwave exposure (P < 0.01).The latency of ERG-b wave shortened significantly only at 3rd day after microwave exposure (P < 0.01). The latency of F-VEP extended markedly on the 3rd day after exposure (P < 0.05) and recovered on the 7th day after microwave exposure. The amplitude of F-VEP decreased significantly in exposure group, as compared with sham-exposure group, on the 3rd day and 7th day after microwave exposure (P < 0.05). After microwave exposure for 12 h, the apoptotic rate of RGCs in rat increased from 2.85% to 6.73%, and on the 7th day after exposure, the apoptotic rate of RGCs remained 8.93% (P < 0.05). The apoptotic rate of cultured RGCs increased from 8.42% to 13.91% at 6 hour (P < 0.05) and to 24.14% at 24 hour (P < 0.01) after microwave exposure (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Microwave exposure can injure the visual performance of rats, and the apoptosis of RGCs induced microwave may be one of the main pathological mechanisms.Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 03/2012; 30(3):172-7.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of microwave irradiation on the expression and regulation of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Neurons were exposed to 90 mW/cm(2) microwave irradiation for 10 minutes. Western blot was used to determine the expression of HSP27, HSP70, HSP90 and heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) at 0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hour respectively. Real-time RT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA expression of HSF1. DNA-binding activity of HSF1 was measured by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). The protein expression of HSP27 was significantly increased by 22%, 36%, 18% at 3, 6, 12 h, respectively (P < 0.05). The protein expression of HSP70 was significantly increased by 23%, 32%, 26% at 3, 6, 12 h, respectively (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The protein expression of HSP90 was significantly increased by 27%, 33% at 6, 12 h, respectively (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The DNA-binding activity of HSF1 was stimulated, however, no significant change of the expression of HSF1 was observed on both the mRNA and protein levels. The transcriptional activity of HSF1 is activated by microwave irradiation, which promotes the expression of HSPs. Heat shock response which contributes to establish a cytoprotective state is induced by microwave irradiation in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons.Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 12/2010; 28(12):909-13.