[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The introduction of new COX-2 inhibitors with high efficacy and enhanced safety profile would be a great achievement in the development of anti-inflammatory drugs. This study was designed to screen and assess the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities as well as some of the expected side effects of some pyrazole derivatives, newly synthesized as potential COX-2 inhibitors at the Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University and compared to indomethacin and celecoxib. Twelve compounds were screened for their anti-inflammatory activity using carrageenan-induced paw oedema and cotton pellet granuloma tests. On the basis of their apparent anti-inflammatory activity, four compounds with different substitutions were selected for the evaluation of their analgesic activity using the formalin-induced hyperalgesia and hot-plate tests. Compound AD 532, ((4-(3-(4-Methylphenyl)-4-cyano-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide)), showed very promising results. In the single-dose and subchronic toxicity studies, compound AD 532 showed no ulcerogenic effect and produced minimal effects on renal function. Furthermore, compound AD 532 was a less potent inhibitor of COX-2 in vitro than celecoxib, which may indicate lower potential cardiovascular toxicity. It is concluded that compound AD 532 appears to be a promising and safe option for the management of chronic inflammatory conditions. This study recommends more in-depth investigation into the therapeutic effects and toxicity profile of this compound including its cardiovascular toxicity.