Publications (57)220.32 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: This paper examines detection prospects and constraints on the chromomagnetic dipole operator for the bottom quark. This operator has a flavor, chirality and Lorentz structure that is distinct from other dimension six operators considered in Higgs coupling studies. Its nonstandard Lorentz structure bolsters boosted $b \bar{b} h$ events, providing a rate independent signal of new physics. To date, we find this operator is unconstrained by $p p \rightarrow h + {\rm jets}$ and $pp \rightarrow \bar b b $ searches: for orderone couplings the permitted cutoff $\Lambda$ for this operator can be as low as $\Lambda \sim 1~{\rm TeV}$. We show how to improve this bound with collider cuts that allow a $b$tagged Higgs plus dijet search in the Higgs to diphoton decay channel to exclude cutoffs as high as $\sim 6~{\rm TeV}$ at $2 \sigma$ with 3 $\text{ab}^{1}$ of luminosity at the 14 TeV LHC. Cuts on the $p_T$ of the Higgs are key to this search, because the chromomagnetic dipole yields a nonstandard fraction of boosted Higgses.10/2014;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this paper we present a new search technique for electroweakinos, the superpartners of electroweak gauge and Higgs bosons, based on final states with missing transverse energy, a photon, and a dilepton pair, $\ell^+\,\ell^ + \gamma + \displaystyle{\not} E_T$. Unlike traditional electroweakino searches, which perform best when $m_{\widetilde{\chi}^0_{2,3}}  m_{\widetilde{\chi}^0_1}, m_{\widetilde{\chi}^{\pm}}  m_{\widetilde{\chi}^0_1} > m_Z$, our search favors nearly degenerate spectra; degenerate electroweakinos typically have a larger branching ratio to photons, and the cut $m_{\ell\ell} \ll m_Z$ effectively removes onshell Z boson backgrounds while retaining the signal. This feature makes our technique optimal for `welltempered' scenarios, where the dark matter relic abundance is achieved with interelectroweakino splittings of $\sim 20  70\,\text{GeV}$. Additionally, our strategy applies to a wider range of scenarios where the lightest neutralinos are almost degenerate, but only make up a subdominant component of the dark matter  a spectrum we dub `wellforged'. Focusing on binoHiggsino admixtures, we present optimal cuts and expected efficiencies for several benchmark scenarios. We find binoHiggsino mixtures with $m_{\widetilde{\chi}^0_{2,3}} \lesssim 190\,\text{GeV}$ and $m_{\widetilde{\chi}^0_{2,3}}  m_{\widetilde{\chi}^0_1} \cong 30\,\text{GeV}$ can be uncovered after roughly $600\,\text{fb}^{1}$ of luminosity at the 14 TeV LHC. Scenarios with lighter states require less data for discovery, while scenarios with heavier states or larger mass splittings are harder to discriminate from the background and require more data. Unlike many searches for supersymmetry, electroweakino searches are one area where the high luminosity of the next LHC run, rather than the increased energy, is crucial for discovery.Physical Review D 08/2014; 90(9). · 4.86 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The recent discovery of a light CPeven Higgs in a region of masses consistent with the predictions of models with low energy supersymmetry have intensified the discussion of naturalness in these situations. The focus point solution alleviates the MSSM fine tuning problem. In a previous work, we showed the general form of the MSSM focus point solution, for different values of the messenger scale and of the ratio of gaugino and scalar masses. Here we study the possibility of inducing a light stop as a result of the renormalization group running from high energies. This scenario is highly predictive and leads to observables that may be constrained by future collider and flavor physics data.06/2014;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present the general behavior of the scalar sector in a Three Higgs Doublet Model (3HDM) with a $\mathbb{Z}_5$ flavor symmetry. There are regions of the parameters space where it is possible to get a SMlike Higgs boson with the other Higgs bosons being heavier, thus decoupled from the SM, and without relevant contributions to any flavor observables. There are however other more interesting regions of parameter space with a light charged Higgs ($m_{H^\pm} \sim $ 150 GeV) that are consistent with experimental results and whose phenomenological consequences could be interesting. We present a numerical analysis of the main $B$physics constraints and show that the model can correctly describe the current experimental data.04/2014;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the wake of the Higgs discovery and over the long haul of the LHC run, one should keep a lookout for kinematic anomalies in the most massive known trio of coupled particles, $t \bar{t} h$. After surveying the scope of prior constraints on chromomagnetic dipole and Higgsgluon kinetic couplings, we focus on surpluses of boosted$p_T$ Higgs bosons fomented by these momentum dependent dimensionsix operators in $t \bar{t} h$ final states. We uncover a number of simple, $p_T$ weighted angular variables useful for discriminating Standard Model from dimension6 boosted Higgs distributions, and make headway arguing that one of these variables may improve the reach of existing Standard Model topHiggs searches. The approach we take is model independent, because we just consider a set of effective operators that contribute to the same threebody final state.Physical Review D 02/2014; 89(9). · 4.86 Impact Factor 
Article: General Focus Point in the MSSM
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ABSTRACT: The minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (SM) is a well motivated scenario for physics beyond the SM, which allows a perturbative description of the theory up to scales of the order of the Grand Unification scale, where gauge couplings unify. The Higgs mass parameter is insensitive to the ultraviolet physics and is only sensitive to the scale of soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. Present collider bounds suggest that the characteristic values of these parameters may be significantly larger than the weak scale. Large values of the soft breaking parameters, however, induce large radiative corrections to the Higgs mass parameter and therefore the proper electroweak scale may only be obtained by a fine tuned cancellation between the square of the holomorphic \muparameter and the Higgs supersymmetry breaking square mass parameter. This can only be avoided if there is a correlation between the scalar and gaugino mass parameters, such that the Higgs supersymmetry breaking parameter remains of the order of the weak scale. The scale at which this happens is dubbed as focus point. In this article, we define the general conditions required for this to happen, for different values of the messenger scale at which supersymmetry breaking is transmitted to the observable sector, and for arbitrary boundary conditions of the sfermion, gaugino, and Higgs mass parameters. Specific supersymmetry breaking scenarios in which these correlations may occur are also discussed.Journal of High Energy Physics 02/2014; 2014(4). · 6.22 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We will explore the consequences on the electroweak breaking condition, the mass of supersymmetric partners and the scale at which supersymmetry is broken, for arbitrary values of the supersymmetric parameters tan(beta) and the stop mixing X_t, which follow from the Higgs discovery with a mass m_H\simeq 126 GeV at the LHC. Within the present uncertainty on the top quark mass we deduce that radiative breaking requires tan(beta) \gtrsim 7 for maximal mixing X_t\simeq \sqrt{6}, and tan(beta) \gtrsim 20 for small mixing X_t\lesssim 1. The scale at which supersymmetry is broken \mathcal M can be of order the unification or Planck scale only for large values of tan(beta) and negligible mixing X_t\simeq 0. On the other hand for maximal mixing and large values of tan(beta) supersymmetry should break at scales as low as \mathcal M\simeq 10^5 GeV. The uncertainty in those predictions stemming from the uncertainty in the top quark mass, i.e. the top Yukawa coupling, is small (large) for large (small) values of tan(beta). In fact for tan(beta)=1 the uncertainty on the value of \mathcal M is of several orders of magnitude.Physical Review D 12/2013; 90(1). · 4.86 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We study an extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with a zero hypercharge triplet, and the effect that such a particle has on stop decays. This model has the capability of predicting a 125.5 GeV Higgs even in the presence of light stops and it can modify the diphoton rate by means of the extra charged fermion triplet coupled to the Higgs. Working in the limit where the scalar triplet decouples, and with small values of mA, we find that the fermion triplet can greatly affect the branching ratios of the stops, even in the absence of a direct stoptriplet coupling. We compare the triplet extension with the MSSM and discuss how the additional fields affect the search for stop pair production.Journal of High Energy Physics 11/2013; 2014(1). · 6.22 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this short letter we show that the excess of events in the decay of Higgs to two photons reported by ATLAS and CMS can be easily accommodated in a flavor renormalizable three Higgs doublet model (3HDM). The model is consistent with all fermion masses, mixing angles, and flavor changing neutral current constraints.Physics Letters B 07/2013; 725(13):97. · 6.02 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We study the implications at the LHC for the minimal (least) version of the supersymmetric standard model. In this model supersymmetry is broken by gravity and extra gauge interactions effects, providing a spectrum similar in several aspects to that in natural supersymmetric scenarios. Having the first two generations of sparticles partially decoupled means that any significant signal can only involve gauginos and the third family of sfermions. In practice, the signals are dominated by gluino production with subsequent decays into the stop sector. As we show, for gluino masses below 2300 GeV, a discovery at the LHC is possible at \sqrt{s}=14 TeV, but will require large integrated luminosities.Physical review D: Particles and fields 04/2013; 87(11).  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Extending the Higgs sector of the MSSM by triplets alleviates the little hierarchy problem and naturally allows for enhancements in the diphoton decay rate of the lightest CPeven Higgs h. In the present paper we analyze in detail the Higgs phenomenology of this theory with m_h~126 GeV. We mostly focus on a light Higgs sector where the pseudoscalar A, the nexttolightest CPeven scalar H and the charged H^\pm Higgses are naturally at the electroweak scale. It turns out that for any value m_A > m_h there is a parameter region at small tan(beta) where the CPeven Higgs sector appears at colliders as the SM one, except for loopinduced corrections. Notably the existence of this SMlike point, which is absent in the MSSM, is shared with supersymmetric theories where there are extra singlets. We also highlight a second parameter region at small m_A and small tan(beta) where the h signal strengths, diphoton channel included, are SMlike except those of bottoms and taus which can have at most a 1015 % splitting. Improvements in the A and H^\pm searches are worthwhile in order to discriminate this scenario from the SM.Journal of High Energy Physics 03/2013; 2013(7). · 6.22 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent results on Higgs searches at the LHC point towards the existence of a Higgs boson with mass of about 126 GeV whose diphoton decay rate tends to be larger than in the Standard Model. These results are in tension with natural MSSM scenarios: such a Higgs mass requires heavy (thirdgeneration) squarks which reintroduce some amount of finetuning and in general the Higgs diphoton decay rate tends to follow the Standard Model result. In this paper we prove that these problems can be alleviated by introducing an extra supersymmetric triplet coupled to the Higgs in the superpotential. This superfield generates a sizeable treelevel correction to the Higgs mass so that the third generation is no longer required to be heavy, and its charged component enhances the diphoton Higgs decay rates by as much as 50% with respect to the Standard Model values. We also show that such a scenario is compatible with present electroweak precision observables.Physical review D: Particles and fields 07/2012; 86(11).  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We study the implications at the LHC for a recent class of noncustodial warped extradimensional models where the AdS_5 metric is modified near the infrared brane. Such models allow for TeV KaluzaKlein excitations without conflict with electroweak precision tests. We discuss both the production of electroweak and strong KaluzaKlein gauge bosons. As we will show, only signals involving the third generation of quarks seem to be feasible in order to probe this scenario.Physical review D: Particles and fields 06/2012; 86(1).  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this paper we embed the light stop scenario, a MSSM framework which explains the baryon asymmetry of the universe through a strong first order electroweak phase transition, in a topdown approach. The required low energy spectrum consists in the light SMlike Higgs, the righthanded stop, the gauginos and the Higgsinos while the remaining scalars are heavy. This spectrum is naturally driven by renormalization group evolution starting from a heavy scalar spectrum at high energies. The latter is obtained through a supersymmetrybreaking mix of gauge mediation, which provides the scalars masses by new gauge interactions, and gravity mediation, which generates gaugino and Higgsino masses. This supersymmetry breaking also explains the \mu\ and B_\mu\ parameters necessary for electroweak breaking and predicts small trilinear mixing terms A_t in agreement with electroweak baryogenesis requirements. The minimal embedding predicts a Higgs mass around its experimental lower bound and by a small extension higher masses m_H\lesssim 127 GeV can be accommodated.Journal of High Energy Physics 01/2012; 2012(4). · 6.22 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The LHC is putting bounds on the Higgs boson mass. In this Letter we use those bounds to constrain the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) parameter space using the fact that, in supersymmetry, the Higgs mass is a function of the masses of sparticles, and therefore an upper bound on the Higgs mass translates into an upper bound for the masses for superpartners. We show that, although current bounds do not constrain the MSSM parameter space from above, once the Higgs mass bound improves big regions of this parameter space will be excluded, putting upper bounds on supersymmetry (SUSY) masses. On the other hand, for the case of splitSUSY we show that, for moderate or large tanβ, the present bounds on the Higgs mass imply that the common mass for scalars cannot be greater than 10(11) GeV. We show how these bounds will evolve as LHC continues to improve the limits on the Higgs mass.Physical Review Letters 01/2012; 108(2):021802. · 7.73 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A generalization of the NexttoMinimal Supersymmetric Model (NMSSM) is studied in which an explicit \muterm as well as a small supersymmetric mass term for the singlet superfield are incorporated. We study the possibility of raising the Standard Modellike Higgs mass at tree level through its mixing with a light, mostlysinglet, CPeven scalar. We are able to generate Higgs boson masses up to 145 GeV with top squarks below 1.1 TeV and without the need to fine tune parameters in the scalar potential. This model yields light singletlike scalars and pseudoscalars passing all collider constraints.Physics Letters B 11/2011; 710(3). · 6.02 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We propose the minimal (Least) version of the Supersymmetric Standard Model which can solve the hierarchy problem in the same way as the socalled Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and presents solutions to some of its problems. Supersymmetry is broken in a secluded sector and mediated to the observable sector by messengers of a gauge group G under which the first two generations transform. The group G spontaneously breaks (almost) supersymmetrically at a scale at most a few orders of magnitude below the scale of gauge messengers M_*\sim 10^{15} GeV. By gauge mediation sfermions of the first two generations acquire supersymmetry breaking masses \hat m \sim 10 TeV. Supersymmetry breaking is also mediated by gravity which generates masses for all sfermions, Higgsinos and gauginos at the TeV scale and can provide appropriate values to the \mu and B_\mu parameters by Dterm effective operators. If gravity mediation is Minimal Flavor Violating there is no supersymmetric flavor problem. In the presence of Rparity dark matter can be the lightest neutralino, as in the MSSM, and the LHC model phenomenology is characterized by the fact that only third generation squarks and sleptons are present.Physical review D: Particles and fields 11/2011;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We study an extension of the standard anomaly/gauge mediation scenario where the messenger fields have direct interactions with an extra gauge singlet. This realizes a phenomenologically viable NMSSMlike scenario free of the mub_mu problem. Current cosmological constraints imply a small size for the anomalymediation contributions, unless some source of Rparity violation is permitted. In the latter case the allowed regions in the parameter space can be substantially larger than in the corresponding gaugemediation scenario.Physics Letters B 08/2011; · 6.02 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We embed the Nextto Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model into gauge mediation of supersymmetry breaking and study the phenomenology of scenarios where the gaugemediation contributions to soft parameters are deflected by superpotential interactions of the gauge singlet with the messenger fields and the Higgs doublets. This kind of models provide a satisfactory solution to the mub_mu problem of gauge mediation, compatible with the adequate pattern of electroweak symmetry breaking and a realistic spectrum with supersymmetric partners at the TeV scale without requiring a significant fine tuning.Physical review D: Particles and fields 03/2011; 83.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In addition to the narrow spinone resonances ρT, ωT and aT occurring in lowscale technicolor, there will be relatively narrow scalars in the mass range 200 to 600–700 GeV. We study the lightest isoscalar state, σT. In several important respects it is like a heavy Higgs boson with a small vev. It may be discoverable with high luminosity at the LHC where it is produced via weak boson fusion and likely has substantial W+W− and Z0Z0 decay modes.Physics Letters B 11/2010; · 6.02 Impact Factor
Publication Stats
2k  Citations  
220.32  Total Impact Points  
Top Journals
Institutions

2005–2014

CERN
 Physics Department (PH)
Genève, Geneva, Switzerland


2008–2013

University of Notre Dame
 Department of Physics
South Bend, Indiana, United States


2012

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Madrid, Madrid, Spain


2003–2005

Johns Hopkins University
 Department of Physics and Astronomy
Baltimore, MD, United States


2001

Argonne National Laboratory
Lemont, Illinois, United States


1999–2001

Instituto de Estructura de la Materia
Madrid, Madrid, Spain
