[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The production of \( Y \)(1S), \( Y \)(2S), and \( Y \)(3S) is investigated in pPb and pp collisions at centre-of-mass energies per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV and 2.76 TeV, respectively. The datasets correspond to integrated luminosities of about 31 nb−1 (pPb) and 5.4 pb−1 (pp), collected in 2013 by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Upsilons that decay into muons are reconstructed within the rapidity interval |y
CM| < 1.93 in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame. Their production is studied as a function of two measures of event activity, namely the charged-particle multiplicity measured in the pseudorapidity interval |η| < 2.4, and the sum of transverse energy deposited at forward pseudorapidity, 4.0 < |η| < 5.2. The \( Y \) cross sections normalized by their event activity integrated values, \( Y \)(nS)/〈\( Y \)(nS)〉, are found to rise with both measures of the event activity in pp and pPb. In both collision systems, the ratios of the excited to the ground state cross sections, \( Y \)(nS)/
\( Y \)(1S), are found to decrease with the charged-particle multiplicity, while as a function of the transverse energy the variation is less pronounced. The event activity integrated double ratios, [\( Y \)(nS)/
\( Y \)(1S)]pPb
/[\( Y \)(nS)/
\( Y \)(1S)]pp, are also measured and found to be 0.83 ± 0.05 (stat.) ± 0.05 (syst.) and 0.71 ± 0.08 (stat.) ± 0.09 (syst.) for \( Y \)(2S) and \( Y \)(3S), respectively.
Journal of High Energy Physics 04/2014; 2014(4-ARTN 103). DOI:10.1007/JHEP04(2014)103 · 6.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A search for baryon number violation (BNV) in top-quark decays is performed using pp collisions produced by the LHC at . The top-quark decay considered in this search results in one light lepton (muon or electron), two jets, but no neutrino in the final state. Data used for the analysis were collected by the CMS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 fb−1. The event selection is optimized for top quarks produced in pairs, with one undergoing the BNV decay and the other the standard model hadronic decay to three jets. No significant excess of events over the expected yield from standard model processes is observed. The upper limits at 95% confidence level on the branching fraction of the BNV top-quark decay are calculated to be 0.0016 and 0.0017 for the muon and the electron channels, respectively. Assuming lepton universality, an upper limit of 0.0015 results from the combination of the two channels. These limits are the first that have been obtained on a BNV process involving the top quark.
Physics Letters B 04/2014; 731:173-196. DOI:10.1016/j.physletb.2014.02.033 · 6.13 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A search for invisible decays of Higgs bosons is performed using the vector
boson fusion and associated ZH production modes. In the ZH mode, the Z boson is
required to decay to a pair of charged leptons or a b b-bar quark pair. The
searches use the 8 TeV pp collision dataset collected by the CMS detector at
the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 19.7 inverse
femtobarns. Certain channels include data from 7 TeV collisions corresponding
to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns. The searches are
sensitive to non-standard-model invisible decays of the recently observed Higgs
boson, as well as additional Higgs bosons with similar production modes and
large invisible branching fractions. In all channels, the observed data are
consistent with the expected standard model backgrounds. Limits are set on the
production cross section times invisible branching fraction, as a function of
the Higgs boson mass, for the vector boson fusion and ZH production modes. By
combining all channels, and assuming standard model Higgs boson cross sections
and acceptances, the observed (expected) upper limit on the invisible branching
fraction at m[H]=125 GeV is found to be 0.58 (0.44) at 95% confidence level. We
interpret this limit in terms of a Higgs-portal model of dark matter
European Physical Journal C 04/2014; 74(8):2980. DOI:10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-2980-6 · 5.08 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A search for three-jet hadronic resonance production in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV has been conducted by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC with a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of . The search method is model independent, and events are selected that have high jet multiplicity and large values of jet transverse momenta. The signal models explored assume R-parity-violating supersymmetric gluino pair production and have final states with either only light-flavour jets or both light- and heavy-flavour jets. No significant deviation is found between the selected events and the expected standard model multijet and background. For a gluino decaying into light-flavour jets, a lower limit of 650 GeV on the gluino mass is set at a 95% confidence level, and for a gluino decaying into one heavy- and two light-flavour jets, gluino masses between 200 and 835 GeV are, for the first time, likewise excluded.
Physics Letters B 03/2014; 730:193-214. DOI:10.1016/j.physletb.2014.01.049 · 6.13 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Results are presented from a search for the production of a heavy gauge boson
W' decaying into a top and a bottom quark, using a data set collected by the
CMS experiment at sqrt(s)=8 TeV and corresponding to an integrated luminosity
of 19.5 inverse femtobarns. Various models of W'-boson production are studied
by allowing for an arbitrary combination of left- and right-handed couplings.
The analysis is based on the detection of events with a lepton (e, mu), jets,
and missing transverse energy in the final state. No evidence for W'-boson
production is found and 95% confidence level upper limits on the production
cross section times branching fraction are obtained. For W' bosons with purely
right-handed couplings, and for those with left-handed couplings assuming no
interference effects, the observed 95% confidence level limit is M(W')>2.05
TeV. For W' bosons with purely left-handed couplings, including interference
effects, the observed 95% confidence level limit is M(W')>1.84 TeV. The results
presented in this paper are the most stringent limits published to date.
Journal of High Energy Physics 02/2014; 1405(5). DOI:10.1007/JHEP05(2014)108 · 6.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A measurement of total and fiducial inclusive W and Z boson production cross
sections in pp collisions at sqrt(s)=8 TeV is presented. Electron and muon
final states are analyzed in a data sample collected with the CMS detector
corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 18.2 +/- 0.5 inverse picobarns.
The measured total inclusive cross sections times branching fractions are
sigma(pp to W X) B(W to l nu ) = 12.21 +/- 0.03 (stat.) +/- 0.24 (syst.) +/-
0.32 (lum.) nb and sigma(pp to Z X) B(Z to l+ l-) = 1.15 +/- 0.01 (stat.) +/-
0.02 (syst.) +/- 0.03 (lum.) nb for the dilepton mass in the range of 60 to 120
GeV. The measured values agree with next-to-next-to-leading-order QCD cross
section calculations. Ratios of cross sections are reported with a precision of
2%. This is the first measurement of inclusive W and Z boson production in
proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=8 TeV.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A search for the standard model Higgs boson decaying to a W-boson pair at the LHC is reported. The event sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 fb(-1) and 19.4 fb(-1) collected with the CMS detector in pp collisions at = 7 and 8 TeV, respectively. The Higgs boson candidates are selected in events with two or three charged leptons. An excess of events above background is observed, consistent with the expectation from the standard model Higgs boson with a mass of around 125 GeV. The probability to observe an excess equal or larger than the one seen, under the background-only hypothesis, corresponds to a significance of 4.3 standard deviations for m (H) = 125.6 GeV. The observed signal cross section times the branching fraction to WW for m (H) = 125.6 GeV is times the standard model expectation. The spin-parity J (P) = 0(+) hypothesis is favored against a narrow resonance with J (P) = 2(+) or J (P) = 0(-) that decays to a W-boson pair. This result provides strong evidence for a Higgs-like boson decaying to a W-boson pair.
Journal of High Energy Physics 01/2014; 2014(1-ARTN 096). DOI:10.1007/JHEP01(2014)096 · 6.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first observation of the associated production of a single top quark and
a W boson is presented. The analysis is based on a data set corresponding to an
integrated luminosity of 12.2 inverse femtobarns of proton-proton collisions at
sqrt(s) = 8 TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Events with two
leptons and a jet originating from a b quark are selected. A multivariate
analysis based on kinematic and topological properties is used to separate the
signal from the dominant t t-bar background. An excess consistent with the
signal hypothesis is observed, with a significance which corresponds to 6.1
standard deviations above a background-only hypothesis. The measured production
cross section is 23.4 +/- 5.4 pb, in agreement with the standard model
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A search for neutral Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) decaying to tau-lepton pairs in pp collisions is performed, using events recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 24.6 fb−1, with 4.9 fb−1 at 7 TeV and 19.7 fb−1 at 8 TeV. To enhance the sensitivity to neutral MSSM Higgs bosons, the search includes the case where the Higgs boson is produced in association with a b-quark jet. No excess is observed in the tau-lepton-pair invariant mass spectrum. Exclusion limits are presented in the MSSM parameter space for different benchmark scenarios, mmaxh , mmod +h , mmod −h , light-stop, light-stau, τ-phobic, and low-mH. Upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction for gluon fusion and b-quark associated Higgs boson production are also given.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Measurements of the inclusive jet cross section with the anti-kT clustering algorithm are presented for two radius parameters, R=0.5 and 0.7. They are based on data from LHC proton-proton collisions at s=7 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb-1 collected with the CMS detector in 2011. The ratio of these two measurements is obtained as a function of the rapidity and transverse momentum of the jets. Significant discrepancies are found comparing the data to leading-order simulations and to fixed-order calculations at next-to-leading order, corrected for nonperturbative effects, whereas simulations with next-to-leading-order matrix elements matched to parton showers describe the data best.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Observation of the diphoton decay mode of the recently discovered Higgs boson and measurement of some of its properties are reported. The analysis uses the entire dataset collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions during the 2011 and 2012 LHC running periods. The data samples correspond to integrated luminosities of 5.1 fb-1 at s√=7TeV and 19.7 fb-1 at 8 TeV . A clear signal is observed in the diphoton channel at a mass close to 125 GeV with a local significance of 5.7σ , where a significance of 5.2σ is expected for the standard model Higgs boson. The mass is measured to be 124.70±0.34GeV=124.70±0.31(stat)±0.15(syst)GeV , and the best-fit signal strength relative to the standard model prediction is 1.14+0.26−0.23=1.14±0.21(stat)+0.09−0.05(syst)+0.13−0.09(theo) . Additional measurements include the signal strength modifiers associated with different production mechanisms, and hypothesis tests between spin-0 and spin-2 models.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The jet fragmentation function of inclusive jets with transverse momentum pT above 100GeV/c in PbPb collisions has been measured using reconstructed charged particles with pT above 1GeV/c in a cone of radius 0.3 around the jet axis. A data sample of PbPb collisions collected in 2011 at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of sNN=2.76TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 150μb−1 is used. The results for PbPb collisions as a function of collision centrality and jet transverse momentum are compared to reference distributions based on pp data collected at the same center-of-mass energy in 2013, with an integrated luminosity of 5.3pb−1. A centrality-dependent modification of the fragmentation function is found. For the most central collisions, a significant enhancement is observed in the PbPb/pp fragmentation function ratio for charged particles with pT less than 3GeV/c. This enhancement is observed for all jet pT bins studied.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first search at the LHC for the extinction of QCD jet production is presented, using data collected with the CMS detector corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 10.7 fb−1 of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The extinction model studied in this analysis is motivated by the search for signatures of strong gravity at the TeV scale (terascale gravity) and assumes the existence of string couplings in the strong-coupling limit. In this limit, the string model predicts the suppression of all high-transverse-momentum standard model processes, including jet production, beyond a certain energy scale. To test this prediction, the measured transverse-momentum spectrum is compared to the theoretical prediction of the standard model. No significant deficit of events is found at high transverse momentum. A 95% confidence level lower limit of 3.3 TeV is set on the extinction mass scale.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A search for heavy, right-handed neutrinos, Nℓ ( ℓ=e,μ ), and right-handed WR bosons, which arise in the left-right symmetric extensions of the standard model, has been performed by the CMS experiment. The search was based on a sample of two lepton plus two jet events collected in proton–proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb−1 . For models with strict left-right symmetry, and assuming only one Nℓ flavor contributes significantly to the WR decay width, the region in the two-dimensional (MWR,MNℓ) mass plane excluded at a 95 % confidence level extends to approximately MWR=3.0TeV and covers a large range of neutrino masses below the WR boson mass, depending on the value of MWR . This search significantly extends the (MWR,MNℓ) exclusion region beyond previous results.