A Tatsuta

The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan

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Publications (8)23.13 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ciclosporin (Cs)A is an effective treatment for psoriasis. However, to date, the effect of CsA on the production of interleukins (ILs) is unknown. We investigated how CsA affects production of IL-12/23p40 and IL-23 production by the human monocyte cell line, THP-1, which is able to differentiate into macrophage-like cells or normal human keratinocytes (NHKs). THP-1 cells were preincubated with CsA, then stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid or adenosine triphosphate. The levels of IL-12/23p40 and IL-23 released into the supernatant were assayed by ELISA. CsA significantly reduced both IL-12/23p40 and IL-23 production by LPS-stimulated THP-1 cells, but not in LPS-stimulated macrophage-like differentiated THP-1 cells. None of the stimuli used significantly induced either IL-12/23p40 or IL-23 production in NHKs. CsA inhibits not only IL-12/23p40 and IL-12p70, but also heterodimeric IL-23 production by human monocytes, which may be one possible mechanism for the therapeutic efficacy of CsA in psoriasis.
    Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 07/2013; 38(5):545-8. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory dermatosis, is frequently associated with metabolic disorders, suggesting that adipokines are involved in its pathogenesis. We recently reported that the adipokine visfatin activates NF-κB and STAT3 in keratinocytes. Antimicrobial peptide expression is enhanced in psoriatic lesions and may promote disease development. Here, we investigated the effects of visfatin on antimicrobial peptide expression. In vitro, visfatin enhanced basal and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced mRNA expression and secretion of cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (CAMP), and enhanced TNF-α-induced human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2), hBD-3, and S100A7 mRNA expression and secretion in human keratinocytes. siRNAs targeting CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-α (C/EBPα) suppressed visfatin-induced and visfatin plus TNF-α-induced CAMP production. siRNAs targeting NF-κB p65 and STAT3 suppressed visfatin plus TNF-α-induced hBD-2 and S100A7 production. siRNAs targeting c-Jun and STAT3 suppressed visfatin plus TNF-α-induced hBD-3 production. Visfatin and/or TNF-α enhanced C/EBP transcriptional activity and C/EBPα phosphorylation, which were suppressed by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibition. Visfatin and/or TNF-α induced p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Visfatin increased mRNA and protein expression of CAMP, hBD-2, hBD-3, and S100A7 orthologs in murine imiquimod-treated skin, mimicking psoriasis. In conclusion, visfatin enhances CAMP, hBD-2, hBD-3, and S100A7 production in human keratinocytes and their orthologs in murine imiquimod-treated psoriatic skin. Visfatin may potentiate the development of psoriasis via antimicrobial peptides.
    American Journal Of Pathology 03/2013; · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 03/2012; 37(7):792-3. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The protein lipocalin (LCN)-2 is known to be related to insulin resistance, obesity and atherosclerotic diseases. Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease related to metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between serum LCN2 levels and indicators for metabolic syndrome and inflammatory cytokine levels in patients with psoriasis. Serum LCN2 levels were measured in patients with psoriasis, atopic dermatitis (AD) or bullous pemphigoid (BP), and compared with those of healthy controls. Serum LCN2 levels were also compared with several indicators for metabolic syndrome, and with serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, two markers of inflammation. Serum LCN2 levels in patients with psoriasis were significantly higher than those of healthy controls, but there was no significant correlation between serum LCN2 and body mass index. Serum LCN2 levels also correlated with serum IL-6 and TNF-α levels in patients with psoriasis. Serum LCN2 levels are a general indicator for increased inflammation in the patients with psoriasis.
    Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 02/2012; 37(3):296-9. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis patients are frequently associated with metabolic syndromes. Such associations are possibly mediated by adipokines. We investigated the in vitro effects of visfatin (an adipokine) on chemokine expression in human keratinocytes. Normal human keratinocytes were incubated with visfatin, and their chemokine production was analyzed by ELISA and RT-PCR. Visfatin enhanced TNF-α-induced CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL) 8, CXCL10, and CC chemokine ligand (CCL) 20 secretion and mRNA expression in keratinocytes, although visfatin alone was ineffective. A small interfering RNA against nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 suppressed the visfatin-induced production of CXCL8, CXCL10, and CCL20 whereas a small interfering RNA against signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 suppressed CXCL8 induction. This indicates the involvement of NF-κB in CXCL8, CXCL10, and CCL20 induction by visfatin and the involvement of STAT3 in CXCL8 induction. Visfatin alone increased the transcriptional activity and tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3, which was suppressed by Janus kinase (JAK) 2 inhibitor. Visfatin enhanced basal and TNF-α-induced NF-κB activity and inhibitory κB (IκB) α phosphorylation, which was suppressed by IκB kinase inhibitor. Visfatin induced the tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of JAK2 and IκB kinase α/β, respectively. Intraperitoneal injection of visfatin elevated mRNA and protein levels of CXCL1, CXCL10, and CCL20 in murine skin. These results suggest that visfatin enhances CXCL8, CXCL10, and CCL20 production in human keratinocytes and homologous chemokine production in murine skin. Visfatin may induce the infiltration of type 1 or type 17 helper T cells or neutrophils to the skin via chemokine induction and thus link metabolic syndromes to psoriasis.
    Endocrinology 06/2011; 152(8):3155-64. · 4.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Kindler syndrome (KS) is a rare, inherited skin disease characterized by blister formation and generalized poikiloderma. Mutations in KIND1, which encodes kindlin-1, are responsible for KS. c.1089del/1089+1del is a recurrent splice-site deletion mutation in KS patients. To elucidate the effects of c.1089del/1089+1del at the mRNA and protein level. Two KS patients with c.1089del/1089+1del were included in this study. Immunofluorescence analysis of KS skin samples using antibodies against the dermo-epidermal junction proteins was performed. Exon-trapping experiments were performed to isolate the mRNA sequences transcribed from genomic DNA harbouring c.1089del/1089+1del. β1 integrin activation in HeLa cells transfected with truncated KIND1 cDNA was analyzed. Immunofluorescence study showed positive expression of kindlin-1 in KS skin with c.1089del/1089+1del mutation. We identified the exon-8-skipped in-frame transcript as the main product among multiple splicing variants derived from that mutation. HeLa cells transfected with KIND1 cDNA without exon 8 showed impaired β1 integrin activation. Exon-8-coding amino acids are located in the FERM F2 domain, which is conserved among species, and the unstructured region between F2 and the pleckstrin homology domain. This study suggests that exon-8-skipped truncated kindlin-1 is functionally defective and does not compensate for the defects of KS, even though kindlin-1 expression in skin is positive.
    Journal of dermatological science 01/2011; 61(1):38-44. · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • British Journal of Dermatology 11/2010; 164(3):667-70. · 3.76 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Dermatology 11/2010; 38(7):730-2. · 2.35 Impact Factor