ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This study evaluated the role of breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the selective study breast implant integrity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the signs of breast implant rupture observed at breast MR examinations of 157 implants and determined the sensitivity and specificity of the technique in diagnosing implant rupture by comparing MR data with findings at surgical explantation. RESULTS: The linguine and the salad-oil signs were statistically the most significant signs for diagnosing intracapsular rupture; the presence of siliconomas/seromas outside the capsule and/or in the axillary lymph nodes calls for immediate explantation. CONCLUSIONS: In agreement with previous reports, we found a close correlation between imaging signs and findings at explantation. Breast MR imaging can be considered the gold standard in the study of breast implants.
La radiologia medica 03/2012; 117(6):1004-1018. · 1.44 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To analyze the biological features of breast cancer in women aged more than 70 years and to evaluate the utility of complete breast examination in elderly patients.
In the period between January 2000 and March 2009, 147.189 women aged more than 39 years underwent breast examination. In 1.527 diagnosis of breast carcinoma was made. Patients affected by breast carcinoma were subdivided into two groups basing on age (< 70 and ≥ 70 years). The two groups were compared for tumor size on imaging studies, histology, pT stage, grading and the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors.
In comparison with younger women, breast carcinoma in elderly presented as invasive ductal form in most of cases (p 0.004), T1 and T2 stages (p 0.0001), G1 grade (p 0.0001) and positive for the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors (p <0.0001).
Basing on the incidence rate and the biological features of breast cancer in elderly women without co-morbility, breast cancer prevention in women is considered useful until the age of 74 years.
Il Giornale di chirurgia 10/2011; 32(10):411-6.
ABSTRACT: This study sought to evaluate the accuracy of vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) in the diagnosis of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) by determining the rate of VAB underestimation compared with definitive histology. In addition, an attempt was made to identify parameters that could help determine the most appropriate patient management.
We retrospectively reviewed 1,776 VAB procedures performed between November 1999 and January 2008 for suspicious subclinical breast lesions visible only at mammography. A total of 177 patients with a VAB diagnosis of pure ADH were studied. Patients with a diagnosis of ADH associated with other lesions (lobular intraepithelial neoplasia, papilloma), atypical lobular hyperplasia, lobular carcinoma in situ and any lesions with a microhistological diagnosis other than ADH were excluded. Mammographic appearance of lesions was as follows: 152 mostly clustered microcalcifications (86%); five opacities with microcalcifications (3%); 12 single opacities (3%); and eight parenchymal distortions (4%), of which five were without and three were with microcalcifications. In cases underestimated by VAB, we evaluated the extent of ADH within ducts and lobules. Based on results, patients were subdivided into two groups: ≤2 ADH foci; >2 ADH foci. Patients were subdivided into two groups: one was referred for surgery and the other for follow-up care. The decision to either perform or not perform surgery was based on combined analysis of the following parameters: patient age; risk factors in the patient's history; mammographic extent of microcalcifications; complete excision of microcalcifications at VAB; and final Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) assessment.
In the first group (n=98), comparison of microhistology with final histology revealed that 19 cases of ADH had been underestimated by VAB. In the second group (n=79), six cases of ADH showed progression of the mammographic abnormality, which was subsequently confirmed by surgical biopsy.
The most relevant parameters affecting the decision to proceed to surgical excision were lesion diameter >7 mm on mammography, >2 ADH foci, incomplete removal of the calcifications and a family and/or personal history of breast cancer. Although there are no definite mammographic predictors of malignancy, a radiological assessment of suspicious lesion in the presence of an additional equivocal parameter always warrants surgical management.
La radiologia medica 01/2011; 116(2):276-91. · 1.44 Impact Factor