ABSTRACT: To investigate the time-dependent recruitment and differentiation of fibrocytes in skin wound healing.
Fibrocytes (expressing CD45 and procollagen I ) and myofibroblasts (expressing CD45 and alpha-SMA) were co-localized by immunofluorescent staining. The number of fibrocytes and myofibroblasts was counted at different post-wounding interval.
At 3 d after injury, fibrocytes started to recruit at the margin of the wounds. At 5 d after injury, myofibroblasts started to appear in new formed granulation tissue. The number of fibrocytes and myofibroblasts peaked at 7 d post-wounding.
During skin wound healing, myofibroblasts in granulation tissue originated at least partly from fibrocytic differentiation. The time-dependent recruitment and differentiation of fibrocytes may provide new information for wound age determination.
Fa yi xue za zhi 08/2011; 27(4):246-9.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of cannabinoid receptor I (CB1R) during mice skin incised wound healing course and time-dependent changes of CB1R in wound age determination.
The changes of CBIR expression in skin incised wound were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.
The control group showed a low expression of CB1R detected mainly in epidermis, hair follicles, sebaceous gland and dermomuscular layer. CB1R expression was undetectable in neutrophils in the wound specimens from 6h to 12h post-injury. CB1R positive cells were mostly mononuclear cells (MNCs) and fibroblastic cells (FBCs) from 1 d to 5 d post-injury. CB1R positive cells were mostly FBCs from 7 d to 14d post-injury. The ratio of the CB1R positive cells increased gradually in the wound specimens from 6 h to 3 d post-injury, reached peak level at 5 d, and then decreased gradually from 7d to 14 d post-injury. The positive bands of CB1R were observed in all time points of the wound healing course by Western blotting. The expression peak showed at 5 d post-injury.
CB1R is activated during the wound healing course. The expression of CB1R is found in mononuclear cells, which could be involved in inflammation reaction. CBIR is observed in fibroblastic cells, which could participate in the wound healing. CB1R may be a potentially useful marker for determination of wound healing age.
Fa yi xue za zhi 08/2010; 26(4):241-5.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of M3 subtype of muscarinic receptors (M3R) during the incised wound healing of the skin in mice and the characteristics of its time-dependent.
The change of M3R in skin incised wound was detected by immunohistochemical staining and Western blot.
M3R-positive cells were detected in epidermis, hair follicle, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, dermomuscular layer in normal mouse skin. Expression of M3R was mainly detectable in polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) in the wound specimens aged from 6h to 12h after injury. Afterwards, the M3R-positive cells were mostly mononuclear cells (MNCs) and fibroblastic cells (FBCs) at 1 d to 3d post-injury, whereas the M3R-positive cells were mostly FBCs aged from 5 d to 14d. Morphometrically, the ratio of the M3R-positive cells increased aged from 6h to 12h after injury, with a peak at 12h. The ratios kept a high relatively level aged from 1 d to 5 d, but significantly that lowered as compared with aged 12h after injury. The ratio reached the peak at 7 d again after injury, and then decreased gradually. The M3R protein also revealed a time-dependent tendency with double peaks at 12h and 7 d after injury as detected by Western blotting.
M3R is time-dependently expression in PMNs, MNCs and FBCs suggesting that it may play roles during the skin incised wound healing, and M3R may be used as a marker for wound age determination.
Fa yi xue za zhi 06/2010; 26(3):165-8, 172.