Zu-cong Cai

Nanjing Normal University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (19)22.66 Total impact

  • Yi Cheng, Jing Wang, Yang Liu, Zu-Cong Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The beneficial effect to the environment of nitrate (NO3−) removal by denitrification depends on the partitioning of its end products into nitrous oxide (N2O), nitric oxide (NO), and dinitrogen (N2). However, in subtropical China, acidic forest mineral soils are characterized by negligible denitrification capacity and thus reactive forms of N could not be effectively converted to inert N2, resulting in a negative environmental consequence. In this study, the influences of C input from litter decomposition on denitrification rate and its gaseous products under anoxic conditions in the acidic coniferous and broad-leaved forest soils in subtropical China were investigated using the acetylene (C2H2) blockage technique in the laboratory. Materials and methods The coniferous and broad-leaved forest soils with and without litter addition were incubated under anaerobic conditions for 244 h. There were three treatments for each forest soil including addition of 0.5 and 1% corresponding litter (gram of litter per gram of soil) and the control without addition of litter. Results and discussion The results showed that litter addition into the broad-leaved forest soil had no effect on average rates of denitrification (calculated as the sum of NO, N2O, and N2), whereas in the coniferous forest soil, the addition resulted in a significant increase in average denitrification rate. In the broad-leaved forest soil, both rates of litter addition decreased the production of NO but increased the production of N2, and high rates of litter addition into the coniferous forest soil promoted the reduction of N2O to N2. Conclusions Increased decomposition of litter in the forest soils could effectively reduce N2O and NO production through denitrification under anaerobic conditions.
    Journal of Soils and Sediments 01/2014; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High application rate of chemical fertilizers and unreasonable rotation in facility vegetable cultivation can easily induce the occurrence of soil acidification, salinization, and serious soil-borne diseases, while to quickly and effectively remediate the degraded facility vegetable soil can considerably increase vegetable yield and farmers' income. In this paper, a degraded facility vegetable soil was amended with 0, 3.75, 7.50, and 11.3 t C x hm(-2) of air-dried alfalfa and flooded for 31 days to establish a strong reductive environment, with the variations of soil physical and chemical properties and the cucumber yield studied. Under the reductive condition, soil Eh dropped quickly below 0 mV, accumulated soil NO3(-) was effectively eliminated, soil pH was significantly raised, and soil EC was lowered, being more evident in higher alfalfa input treatments. After treated with the strong reductive approach, the cucumber yield in the facility vegetable field reached 53.3-57.9 t x hm(-2), being significantly higher than that in un-treated facility vegetable field in last growth season (10.8 t x hm(-2)). It was suggested that strong reductive approach could effectively remediate the degraded facility vegetable soil in a short term.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 09/2013; 24(9):2619-24.
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    ABSTRACT: The mechanisms underlying the retention of inorganic N in acidic forest soils in southern China are not well understood. Here, we simultaneously quantified the gross N transformation rates of various subtropical acidic forest soils located in southern China (southern soil) and those of temperate forest soils located in northern China (northern soil). We found that acidic southern soils had significantly higher gross rates of N mineralization and significantly higher turnover rates but a much greater capacity for retaining inorganic N than northern soils. The rates of autotrophic nitrification and NH3 volatilization in acidic southern soils were significantly lower due to low soil pH. Meanwhile, the relatively higher rates of NO3(-) immobilization into organic N in southern soils can counteract the effects of leaching, runoff, and denitrification. Taken together, these processes are responsible for the N enrichment of the humid subtropical forest soils in southern China.
    Scientific Reports 08/2013; 3:2342. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CH4 emission and the concentration of dissolved CH4 in soil solution and floodwater in a rice field and their stable carbon isotopic signatures as affected by straw application were investigated in 2009 in a field experiment at Jurong, Jiangsu Province, China. Straw application increased CH4 emission and CH4 concentration in the soil solution and floodwater. A positive seasonal correlation was also observed in the variation between CH4 flux and CH4 concentration in soil solution. The seasonal total CH4 emission (51.6 g CH4 m−2) in Treatment WS (straw applied) was about 168% higher than that in Treatment CK (without straw). The emitted CH4 and CH4 in soil solution were initially relatively enriched, then depleted and finally enriched again in 13C in both treatments, while CH4 in floodwater became isotopically heavier. The carbon isotopic signature of emitted CH4 and CH4 in floodwater averaged around −62‰ and −45‰ for both treatments, respectively, and was not significantly influenced by the application of straw. However, straw application caused the CH4 in soil solution to be significantly depleted in 13C during the middle of the rice season, and the mean δ13C value was lower in WS (−57.5‰) than in CK (−49.9‰). Calculation from the isotopic data showed that straw application increased the fraction of CH4 oxidized, causing no significant difference in the δ13C value of the emitted CH4 between the two treatments.
    Pedosphere 02/2012; 22(1):13–21. · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Tong-Bin Zhu, Jin-Bo Zhang, Zu-Cong Cai
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    ABSTRACT: Applying large amount of nitrogen fertilizer into vegetable field can induce soil NO(3-)-N accumulation, while rapidly removing the accumulated NO(3-)-N can improve vegetable soil quality and extend its service duration. In this study, a vegetable soil containing 360 mg N x kg(-1) was amended with 0, 2500, 5000, and 7500 kg C x hm(-2) of ryegrass (noted as CK, C2500, C5000, and C7500), respectively, and incubated in a thermostat at 30 degrees C for 240 h under flooding condition, aimed to investigate the effects of organic material amendment on vegetable soil nitrate concentration and nitrogenous gases emission. By the end of the incubation, the soil NO(3-)-N concentration in CK was still up to 310 mg N x kg(-1). Ryegrass amendment could remove the accumulated NO(3-)-N effectively. In treatments C2500, C5000, and C7500, the duration for the soil NO(3-)-N concentration dropped below 10 mg N x kg(-1) was 240 h, 48 h, and 24 h, respectively. After the amendment of ryegrass, soil pH increased significantly, and soil EC decreased, with the increment and decrement increased with increasing amendment amount of ryegrass. The cumulative emissions of soil N2O and N2 in ryegrass amendment treatments amounted to 270-378 mg N x kg(-1), and the N2O/N2 ratio ranged from 0.6 to 1.5. Incorporating with ryegrass under flooding condition could rapidly remove the accumulated NO(3-)-N in vegetable soil, but the high N2O emission during this process should be attached importance to.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 01/2012; 23(1):109-14.
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    ABSTRACT: By the method of static chamber, a field experiment was conducted to study the effects of applying controlled-release fertilizer (CRF) and its combination with urea on the N2O emission during rice growth period. Four treatments, i.e., no fertilization (CK), urea (U), urea and CRF with a ratio of 3:7 (U+C), and CRF (C) were installed, and the N application rate in treatments U, U+C, and C was the same. Compared with treatment U, treatments U+C and C decreased the N2O emission during rice growth season by 40.4% and 59.6%, and decreased the emission at midseason aeration stage by 65.1% and 83.9%, respectively (P < 0.05). Compared with that in treatment C, the N2O emission in treatment U+C had a slight decrease, and decreased by 53.9% at midseason aeration stage. Applying CRF increased rice yield, and the increment in treatments C and U+C was 7.8% and 9.8%, respectively, as compared to treatment U. Applying CRF delayed the peak time of soil inorganic nitrogen concentration, resulting in the reduction of N2O emission at midseason aeration stage. During rice growth season, no significant correlation was observed between N2O flux and soil Eh or soil temperature.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 08/2011; 22(8):2031-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Due to continuous decreases in arable land area and continuous population increases, Chinese soil scientists face great challenges in meeting food demands, mitigating adverse environmental impacts, and sustaining or enhancing soil productivity under intensive agriculture. With the aim of promoting the application of soil science knowledge, this paper reviews the achievements of Chinese scientists in soil resource use and management, soil fertility, global change mitigation and soil biology over the last 30 years. During this period, soil resource science has provided essential support for the use and exploitation of Chinese soil resources, and has itself developed through introduction of new theories such as Soil Taxonomy and new technologies such as remote sensing. Soil fertility science has contributed to the alleviation and elimination of impeding physical and chemical factors that constrain availability of essential nutrients and water in soils, the understanding of nutrient cycling in agroecosystems, and the increase in nutrient use efficiency for sustainable crop production. Chinese soil scientists have contributed to the understanding of the cropland's role in global change, particularly to the understanding of methane and nitrous oxide emission from rice fields and the effect of elevated carbon dioxide and ozone on rice-wheat system. Soil biology research has progressed in biological N fixation, distribution of fauna in Chinese soils, and bioremediation of polluted soils. A new generation of soil scientists has arisen in the last three decades. The gaps between research and application in these soil science fields are also discussed.
    Pedosphere. 01/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of 4years of simulated nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) depositions on gross N transformations in a boreal forest soil in the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) in Alberta, Canada, were investigated using the 15N pool dilution method. Gross NH4+ transformation rates in the organic layer tended to decline (P
    Fuel and Energy Abstracts 01/2011; 262(3):571-578.
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    ABSTRACT: Land-use type affects gross nitrogen transformation and this information is particularly lacking under varied low temperature conditions. In this study, the effects of land-use type (forest vs. grassland) and temperature (10 vs. 15°C) on gross N transformation rates under aerobic conditions were investigated using the 15N isotope pool dilution technique in the laboratory. Soils were collected from forest and grassland sites in China and Canada. The results showed that gross N mineralization and immobilization rates were significantly higher in forest soils than in grassland soils, while the reverse was true for gross nitrification rates. The higher TC and lower SOCw concentrations in the Chinese soils relative to the Canadian soils were related to the greater gross N mineralization rates and lower gross N immobilization rates in Chinese soils. The greater gross N mineralization rates and lower gross N immobilization rates resulted in much higher inorganic N accumulation and that may increase the risk of NO3− leaching in the Chinese soils. Increasing temperature significantly increased gross nitrification rates in grassland soils and gross N immobilization rates in forest soils, suggesting that grassland soils maybe more vulnerable to N loss through NO3− leaching or denitrification (when conditions for denitrification exist) and that conversion of grassland to forest soils may exert less negative effects on the environment by promoting the retention of N and decreasing the production of NO3− and subsequently the risk of NO3− leaching under increasing temperature by global warming. Keywords 15N dilution technique-Land-use type-Temperature-Nitrification-Mineralization-Immobilization
    Plant and Soil 01/2010; 334(1):377-389. · 2.64 Impact Factor
  • Man Lang, Zu-cong Cai
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    ABSTRACT: A 14 d incubation test at 60% WHC and 25 degrees C was conducted to study the effects of fungicide chlorothalonil at its application rates of 0, 5.5 mg x kg(-1) (field application rate, FR), 110 mg x kg(-1) (20FR) and 220 mg x kg(-1) (40FR) on the nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from acidic, neutral, and alkaline soils. The results indicated that the effects of chlorothalonil on the two gases emissions depended on its application rate and soil type. Comparing with no chlorothalonil application, the chlorothalonil at 20FR and 40FR inhibited the N2O emission from acid soil significantly, while that at FR, 20FR and 40FR stimulated the N2O emission from neutral soil, with the strongest effect at FR. Higher application rates (20FR and 40FR) of chlorothalonil inhibited the N2O emission from alkaline soil at the early stage of incubation, but stimulated it at late incubation stage. Chlorothalonil at FR had no obvious effects on the CO2 emission from test soils, but that at 20FR and 40FR promoted the CO2 emission from acid soil while inhibited it from neutral and alkaline soils significantly.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 01/2009; 19(12):2745-50.
  • Juan LIU, Yong HAN, Zu-Cong CAI
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    ABSTRACT: Winter wheat and rice straw produced under ambient and elevated CO2 in a China rice-wheat rotation free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiment was mixed with a paddy soil at a rate of 10 g kg−1 (air-dried), and the mixture was incubated under flooded conditions at 25 °C to examine the differences in decomposition as well as the products of crop residues produced under elevated CO2. Results showed that the C/N ratio and the amount of soluble fraction in the amended rice straw grown under elevated CO2 (FR) were 9.8% and 73.1% greater, and the cellulose and lignin were 16.0% and 9.9% lesser than those of the amended rice straw grown under ambient CO2 (AR), respectively. Compared with those of the AR treatment, the CO2-C and CH4-C emissions in the FR treatment for 25 d were increased by 7.9% and 25.0%, respectively; a higher ratio of CH4 to CO2 emissions induced by straw in the FR treatment was also observed. In contrast, in the treatments with winter wheat straw, the CO2-C and CH4-C emissions, the ratio of straw-induced CH4 to CO2 emissions, and the straw composition were not significantly affected by elevated CO2, except for an 8.0% decrease in total N and a 9.7% increase in C/N ratio in the wheat straw grown under elevated CO2. Correlation analysis showed that the net CO2-C and CH4-C emission from straw and the ratio of straw-induced CH4 to CO2 emissions were all exponentially related to the amount of soluble fraction in the amended straw (P < 0.05). These indicated that under flooded conditions, the turnover and CH4 emission from crop straw incorporated into soil were dependent on the effect of elevated CO2 on straw composition, and varied with crop species. Incorporation of rice straw grown under elevated CO2 would stimulate CH4 emission from flooded rice fields, whereas winter wheat straw grown under elevated CO2 had no effect on CH4 emission.
    Pedosphere 01/2009; 19(3):389-397. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 0-20 cm soil samples were collected from an 18-year wheat-maize rotation field on the North China Plain to study the effects of long-term fertilization on the contents and storages of soil particulate organic carbon (POC), particulate organic nitrogen (PON), incorporated organic carbon (IOC), and incorporated organic nitrogen (ION). The long-term fertilization experiment was designed to include 7 treatments, i.e., chemical NPK (NPK), organic manure (OM), 1/2 organic manure plus 1/2 chemical NPK (1/20 MN), chemical NP (NP), chemical PK (PK), chemical NK (NK), and control (CK). After 18 years experiment, all the fertilization treatments showed higher contents of soil POC, PON, IOC and ION, higher proportions of soil POC to soil total organic carbon (TOC) and of soil PON to soil total nitrogen (TON), and higher C/N ratio of soil particulate organic matter. The storages of soil POC and PON under fertilization treatments were increased by 11.7%-196.8% and 13.0%-152.2%, respectively, compared with the control. The contribution of soil POC to the increased storage of soil TOC ranged from 31.5% to 67.3%, and that of soil PON to the increased storage of soil TON ranged from 14.3% to 100.0%. The storages of soil IOC and ION under fertilization treatments increased by 2.0%-75.0% and 0.0%-69.8%, respectively, compared with the control. Among the fertilization treatments, treatment OM had the highest storages of soil POC, PON, IOC and ION, followed by treatment 1/20 MN, and the treatments of applying chemical fertilizers alone. Balanced application of chemical fertilizers (treatment NPK) showed higher storages of soil POC, PON, IOC and ION than imbalanced application (treatments NP, PK, and NK). It was suggested that applying organic manure or its combination with chemical NPK and the balanced application of chemical NPK could be the keys for the increase of soil POC, PON, IOC and ION contents and storages.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 12/2008; 19(11):2375-81.
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    ABSTRACT: Soil samples were collected from the paddy fields at the Ecological Experimental Station of Red Soil, Chinese Academy of Sciences under different treatments of long-term fertilization, and their phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) and enzyme activities were determined. The results showed that soil enzyme activities, nutrient contents, microbial biomass, and PLFAs varied greatly with different fertilizations. Fertilization increased the kinds and amount of soil PLFAs. Compared with fertilized soil, unfertilized soil had more fungal PLFAs but less bacterial PLFAs, indicating that fungus was more adaptable to infertile soils than bacteria. Soils applied with NPK and organic fertilizer had higher amount of total PLFAs, which was 3.22 and 1.79 times higher than that under N fertilization and no fertilization. It was indicated that balanced fertilization with NPK or applying organic fertilizer was more beneficial to the growth of plants. Fertilization could also increase soil enzyme activities, and soil urease and phosphatase activities could be used as the indicators of soil fertility.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 02/2008; 19(1):71-5.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reviewed the varieties and characteristics of aerobic denitrifiers, their action mechanisms, and the factors affecting aerobic denitrification. Aerobic denitrifiers mainly include Pseudomonas, Alcaligenes, Paracoccus and Bacillus, which are either aerobic or facultative aerobic, and heterotrophic. They can denitrify under aerobic conditions, with the main product being N2O. They can also convert NH4+ -N to gas product. The nitrate reductase which catalyzes the denitrification is periplasmic nitrate reductase rather than membrane-bound nitrate reductase. Dissolved oxygen concentration and C/N ratio are the main factors affecting aerobic denitrification. The main methods for screening aerobic denitrifiers, such as intermittent aeration and selected culture, were also introduced. The research advances in the application of aerobic denitrifiers in aquaculture, waste water processing, and bio-degradation of organic pollutants, as well as the contributions of aerobic denitrifiers to soil nitrogen emission were summarized.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 12/2007; 18(11):2618-25.
  • Wen-Hui ZHONG, Zu-Cong CAI, He ZHANG
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    ABSTRACT: A long-term experiment was set up in Yingtan of Jiangxi Province to investigate the effects of long-term application of inorganic fertilizers on the biochemical properties of a rice-planting soil derived from Quaternary red earth. Noncultivated soils are extremely eroded and characterized by a low pH and deficiencies in available nutrients, in particular P and N. After 13 years of inorganic fertilization in cultivation for double-cropped rice, the biochemical properties of the soil were changed. The nitrification potential and urease activity were higher in the treatments with N application than those without N application. Acid phosphatase activity and dehydrogenase activity were also higher in the treatments with P application than in those without P application. The dehydrogenase activity correlated well with the concentrations of both total P and hydrolysable N and with rice crop yield, suggesting that dehydrogenase activity might be a suitable indicator for improvement in soil fertility.
    Pedosphere 01/2007; 17(4):419-428. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Soil pH can be affected by land use change and acid deposition and is one of the primary regulators of nutrient cycling in the soil. In this study, two soils from adjacent forest and grassland sites in central Alberta were subjected to different pH treatments to evaluate the short-term effects of pH on soil gross N transformations using the 15N tracing technique and calculated by the numerical model FLUAZ. For the forest soil, gross +NH4NH4+ immobilization increased faster than gross N mineralization rates with increasing soil pH, leading to a declining pattern in net N mineralization rates; however, none of those rates changed with pH in the grassland soil. In contrast, the increase in pH significantly stimulated gross and net nitrification rates while soil acidification decreased gross and net nitrification rates for both the forest and grassland soils. The ratio of gross nitrification to gross +NH4NH4+ immobilization rates (N/IA) was significantly increased by KOH addition but declined to nearly zero by HCl addition for each soil. The low and high KCl addition treatments partially or completely inhibited gross nitrification rates, respectively, but gross mineralization was less sensitive to salt additions than the nitrification process. We conclude that based on the short-term laboratory incubation experiments both pH and salt (osmotic effect) affected gross N transformations and pH had contrasting effects on gross and net nitrogen mineralization but not on nitrification in the adjacent forest and grassland soils.
    Soil Biology and Biochemistry 57:848–857. · 3.65 Impact Factor
  • Wei Zhao, Zu-cong Cai, Zhi-hong Xu
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    ABSTRACT: The impacts of ammonium-based N ( \textNH + 4 - \textN {\text{NH}}^{ + }_{4} - {\text{N}} ) addition on soil nitrification and acidification were investigated in terms of kinetic mechanisms and major factors controlling these soil processes for terrestrial ecosystems in subtropical China. Soil samples were collected from an upland soil derived from a sandstone parent (SU), a brush-land soil from a granite (GB), and a forest soil from a quaternary red earth (QF) in a typical subtropical region of China. The samples were incubated at 30°C with soil moisture content of 60% water holding capacity (WHC) for 35days, after adding ammonium sulphate, urea, and ammonium bicarbonate at rates of 0, 100, and 250mg N kg−1, respectively. Nitrification in SU soil (pH6.27) followed a first-order reaction model (P < 0.001). Addition of ammonium sulphate, urea and ammonium bicarbonate significantly (P < 0.05) stimulated nitrification. As a result, the soil was significantly acidified (P < 0.05) and the soil pH at the end of incubation decreased with increasing N addition. In contrast, nitrification in QF (pH4.46) and GB (pH4.82) soils followed a zero-order reaction model (P < 0.001) and hence the addition of \textNH + 4 {\text{NH}}^{ + }_{4} did not directly affect soil nitrification. However, the chemical input directly changed initial pH of GB and QF soils, resulting in either a decrease or an increase in \textNO - 3 {\text{NO}}^{ - }_{3} production, dependent on the impact of the chemicals applied. At the end of incubation, the pH of QF and GB soils was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in treatments with \textNH + 4 {\text{NH}}^{ + }_{4} -input than without \textNH + 4 {\text{NH}}^{ + }_{4} -input. These results indicated that for some acid soils nitrification was not controlled by available \textNH + 4 {\text{NH}}^{ + }_{4} -N and that \textNH + 4 {\text{NH}}^{ + }_{4} -N-input was not necessary to stimulate soil nitrification. And so no acceleration of soil acidification occurred. In order to characterize nitrification intensity in these humid soils and its effect on acidification, nitrification without N-amendment is a better indicator than with N-amendment.
    Plant and Soil 297(1):213-221. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims Changes in soil moisture availability seasonally and as a result of climatic variability would influence soil nitrogen (N) cycling in different land use systems. This study aimed to understand mechanisms of soil moisture availability on gross N transformation rates. Methods A laboratory incubation experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of soil moisture content (65 vs. 100% water holding capacity, WHC) on gross N transformation rates using the 15N tracing technique (calculated by the numerical model FLUAZ) in adjacent grassland and forest soils in central Alberta, Canada. Results Gross N mineralization and gross NH 4+ immobilization rates were not influenced by soil moisture content for both soils. Gross nitrification rates were greater at 100 than at 65% WHC only in the forest soil. Denitrification rates during the 9 days of incubation were 2.47 and 4.91 mg N kg-1 soil d-1 in the grassland and forest soils, respectively, at 100% WHC, but were not different from zero at 65% WHC. In the forest soil, both the ratio of gross nitrification to gross NH 4+ immobilization rates (N/IA) and cumulative N2O emission were lower in the 65 than in the 100% WHC treatment, while in the grassland soil, the N/IA ratio was similar between the two soil moisture content treatments but cumulative N2O emission was lower at 65% WHC. Conclusions The effect of soil moisture content on gross nitrification rates differ between forest and grassland soils and decreasing soil moisture content from 100 to 65% WHC reduced N2O emissions in both soils.
    Plant and Soil 352(1-2). · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A laboratory incubation experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of direct incorporation of either wheat straw or its biochar into a cultivated Chernozem on gross N transformations calculated by the 15N pool dilution technique and nitrous oxide (N2O) production rates. Incorporation of wheat straw stimulated gross NH 4+ (ammonium) and NO 3− (nitrate) immobilization rates by 302 and 95.2 %, respectively, suppressed gross nitrification rates by 32.2 %, and increased N2O production by 37.7 %. In contrast, the addition of a biochar produced from the wheat straw did not influence any of the above N cycling processes. Therefore, application of biochar could be a possible management strategy for long-term C sequestration (through soil storage of stable C contained in the biochar) in soils without increasing N2O production rates, but could not effectively immobilize NO 3− in the soil.
    Biology and Fertility of Soils 48(8). · 2.51 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

45 Citations
22.66 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2014
    • Nanjing Normal University
      • College of Chemistry and Environmental Science
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2007–2012
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009–2011
    • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
      • State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China