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ABSTRACT: Danshensu, the major water-soluble component of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Danshen), is the basic chemical structure of various salvianolic acids. This study was to evaluate the anti-tumor activity of danshensu in a series of in vitro and in vivo models. The effect of danshensu on B16F10 melanoma cell and HUVEC proliferation were assessed by MTS assay, and cell invasion and migration were investigated by transwell chamber assay. The effect of danshensu on angiogenesis was evaluated by HUVEC migration assay, tube formation assay and chick chorioallantoic membrane assay. The expression of MMP-2, -9 and VEGF in B16F10 melanoma cell were detected by western blotting after danshensu treatment. The role of danshensu in tumor metastasis in vivo was evaluated by spontaneous and experimental B16F10 melanoma metastasis model. Although danshensu had no inhibitory effect on B16F10 melanoma cell and HUVEC proliferation, it significantly inhibited B16F10 melanoma cell invasion (at 0.05, 0.5, 5 microM) and migration (at 0.5, 5 microM). It also dramatically suppressed VEGF-induced endothelial migration (at 0.5, 5 microM), tube formation in vitro (at 4, 20 microM) and new vessel formation in CAM in vivo (100 microg/egg). Danshensu (at 5, 50 microM) significantly down-regulates protein expression of MMP-2, -9 and VEGF in B16F10 melanoma cell. In animal model, danshensu (20, 40 mg/kg) also possessed inhibitory effect on lung metastasis in spontaneous (46-day treatment) and experimental (23-day treatment) B16F10 melanoma metastasis model. All these results suggest that danshensu has anti-tumor activity by affecting on tumor angiogenesis and tumor invasion.
European journal of pharmacology 09/2010; 643(2-3):195-201. · 2.59 Impact Factor