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Publications (2)8.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Migration of epithelial cells is critical for normal homeostasis in gut and skin, but the factors regulating this process are not completely understood. The zinc finger transcription factor Klf5 (IKLF; BTEB2) is highly expressed in proliferating cells of esophagus, skin, and other organs. We hypothesized that Klf5 regulates keratinocyte migration via the integrin-linked kinase (ILK), which, like Klf5, is localized to basal keratinocytes. We stably transduced mouse primary esophageal keratinocytes to overexpress Klf5 or small interfering RNA against Klf5. Klf5 overexpression in keratinocytes increased migration and correlated directly with ILK expression and activation. ILK expression restored migratory capacity in keratinocytes with suppression of Klf5, whereas ILK small interfering RNA blocked the increased migration resulting from Klf5 overexpression. By chromatin immunoprecipitation, electromobility shift assay, and luciferase reporter assays, we confirmed that ILK was a direct target for Klf5. In addition, Klf5 induced the activation of the ILK targets Cdc42 and myosin light chain, which are critical for cell migration and motility but not Rac1, AKT, or GSK3beta. Overall, these results demonstrate that Klf5 is a key regulator of cell migration via ILK and provide new insight into the regulation of epithelial cell migration.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2008; 283(27):18812-20. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Krüppel-like factor 5 (Klf5; also called IKLF or BTEB2), a zinc-finger transcription factor with proproliferative and transforming properties in vitro, is expressed in proliferating cells of gastrointestinal tract epithelia, including in basal cells of the esophagus. Thus, Klf5 is an excellent candidate to regulate esophageal epithelial proliferation in vivo. Nonetheless, the function of Klf5 in esophageal epithelial homeostasis and tumorigenesis in vivo has not previously been determined. Here, we used the ED-L2 promoter of the Epstein-Barr virus to express Klf5 throughout esophageal epithelia. ED-L2/Klf5 transgenic mice were born at the appropriate Mendelian ratio, survived to at least 1 yr of age, and showed no evidence of esophageal dysplasia or cancer. Staining for bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) demonstrated increased proliferation in the basal layer of ED-L2/Klf5 mice, but no proliferation was seen in suprabasal cells, despite ectopic expression of Klf5 in these cells. Notably, expression of the KLF family member Klf4, which binds the same DNA sequences as Klf5 and which inhibits proliferation and promotes differentiation, was not altered in ED-L2/Klf5 transgenic mice. In primary esophageal keratinocytes that overexpressed Klf5, expression of Klf4 still inhibited proliferation and promoted differentiation, providing a possible mechanism for the persistence of keratinocyte differentiation in ED-L2/Klf5 mice. To identify additional targets for Klf5 in esophageal epithelia, we performed functional genomic analyses and identified a total of 15 differentially expressed genes. In summary, while Klf5 positively regulates proliferation in basal cells, it is not sufficient to maintain proliferation in the esophageal epithelium.
    AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 06/2007; 292(6):G1784-92. · 3.65 Impact Factor