Yuka Kujiraoka

Tsukuba Memorial Hospital, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

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Publications (2)2.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To compare the differences in diffusion properties--namely fractional anisotropy (FA), three eigenvalues of the diffusion tensor (λ1, λ2, and λ3), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)--between athletically-trained and untrained lower leg musculature. Twelve athletes (Group A) and 11 non-athletes (Group B) were recruited. All were females in their 20s. We scanned diffusion tensor images of both calves and compared FA, the three eigenvalues, and ADC in the gastrocnemius medialis, gastrocnemius lateralis, soleus (SOL), and anterior tibialis muscles between Groups A and B, and between the right and left sides, using two-factor fractional ANOVA. In all muscles of bilateral calves, all three eigenvalues and ADC were lower in Group A than in Group B, with statistically significant differences in all muscles for λ1, λ2, and λ3 and ADC, with a P value of <0.01. Moreover, statistical differences were also found between right and left for λ1, λ2, and λ3 (P < 0.05), and ADC (P < 0.01) of the SOL muscle. FA showed no statistically significant differences in any muscles. Our results indicate that training causes a decrease of the three eigenvalues and ADC, which we hypothesize is due to an increase of density of myofilaments in the intracellular space, and deformation of the cell induced by enlargement of extracellular components.
    MAGMA Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics Biology and Medicine 11/2011; 25(4):277-84. · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tractography of skeletal muscle can clearly reveal the 3-dimensional course of muscle fibers, and the procedure has great potential and could open new fields for diagnostic imaging. Studying this technique for clinical application, we noticed differences in the number of visualized tracts among volunteers and among muscles in the same volunteer. To comprehend why the number of visualized tracts varied so that we could acquire consistently high quality tractography of muscle fiber, we started to examine whether differences in individual parameters affected tractography visualization. To determine whether there are gender- and age-specific differences that differentiate the muscles by gender and age in MR tractography of skeletal muscle fiber. We divided 33 healthy volunteers by gender and age among 3 groups, A (13 younger men, aged 20 to 36 years), B (11 younger women, 25 to 39 years), and C (9 older men, 50 to 69), and we obtained from each volunteer tractographs of 8 fibers, including the bilateral gastrocnemius medialis (GCM), gastrocnemius lateralis (GCL), soleus (SOL), and anterior tibialis (AT) muscles. We classified the fibers into 5 grades depending on the extent of visualized tracts and used Mann-Whitney U-test to compare scores by gender (Group A versus B) and age (Group A versus C). Muscle tracts were significantly better visualized in women than men (median total visual score, 34 versus 24, P<0.05). In particular, the SOL muscles showed better visualization in the right (4.0 in women, 1.0 in men, P<0.05) and left (3.0 in women, 1.0 in men, P<0.05). Difference by age was not significant. The GCL was the highest scored muscle in all groups. Our results suggest that group differences, especially by gender, affected visualization of tractography of muscle fiber of the calf.
    Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences 01/2010; 9(3):111-8. · 0.75 Impact Factor