Publications (4)14.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) regulates the stability of various proteins and plays an essential role in cellular homeostasis. Many client proteins of HSP90 are involved in cell growth, survival and migration; processes that are generally accepted as participants in tumorigenesis. HSP90 is also up-regulated in certain tumors. Indeed, the inhibition of HSP90 is known to be effective in cancer treatment. Recently, studies showed that HSP90 regulates transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced transcription by increasing the stability of the TGF-β receptor. TGF-β signaling also has been implicated in cancer, suggesting the possibility that TGF-β1 and HSP90 function cooperatively during the cancer cell progression. Here in this paper, we investigated the role of HSP90 in TGF-β1-induced Mv1Lu cells. Treatment of Mv1Lu cells with the HSP90 inhibitor, 17-allylamino-demethoxy-geldanamycin (17AAG), or transfection with truncated HSP90 (▵HSP90) significantly reduced TGF-β1-induced cell migration. Pretreatment with 17AAG or transfection with ▵HSP90 also reduced the levels of phosphorylated Smad2 and Smad3. In addition, the HSP90 inhibition interfered the nuclear localization of Smads induced by constitutively active Smad2 (S2EE) or Smad3 (S3EE). We also found that the HSP90 inhibition decreased the protein level of importin-β1 which is known to regulate R-Smad nuclear translocation. These data clearly demonstrate a novel function of HSP90; HSP90 modulates TGF-β signaling by regulating Smads localization. Overall, our data could provide a detailed mechanism linking HSP90 and TGF-β signaling. The extension of our understanding of HSP90 would offer a better strategy for treating cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 06/2015; DOI:10.1002/jcb.25269 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Unlabelled: Several groups have reported that TGFβ1 regulates cellular responses to γ-irradiation; however, the exact mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the current study, the role of TGFβ1 in cellular responses to γ-irradiation was investigated in detail. The data indicate that TGFβ1 pretreatment decreased the aftermath of ionizing radiation (IR)-induced DNA damage in a SMAD-dependent manner. To determine the underlying mechanism for these effects, the extent of IR-induced DNA repair activity in the presence or absence of TGFβ1 was examined. Studies reveal that TGFβ1 upregulated DNA ligase IV (Lig4), augmented IR-induced nuclear retention of the DNA ligase, and enhanced nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair activity. In addition, knockdown of Lig4 reduced the TGFβ1-induced protection against IR. Overall, these data indicate that TGFβ1 facilitates the NHEJ repair process upon γ-irradiation and thereby enhances long-term survival. Implications: These findings provide new insight and a possible approach to controlling genotoxic stress by the TGFβ signaling pathway.
    Molecular Cancer Research 10/2014; 13(2). DOI:10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-14-0098-T · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) regulates various biological processes, including differentiation, bone remodeling and angiogenesis, and is particularly important as a regulator of homeostasis and cell growth in normal tissue. Interestingly, some studies have reported that TGF-β1 induces apoptosis through induction of specific genes, whereas others suggest that TGF-β1 inhibits apoptosis and facilitates cell survival. Resolving these discrepancies, which may reflect differences in cellular context, is an important research priority. Here, using the parental mink lung epithelial cell line, Mv1Lu, and its derivatives, R1B and DR26, lacking TGF-β receptors, we investigated the involvement of TGF-β signaling in the effects of γ-irradiation. We found that canonical TGF-β signaling played an important role in protecting cells from γ-irradiation. Introduction of functional TGF-β receptors or constitutively active Smads into R1B and DR26 cell lines reduced DNA fragmentation, caspase-3 cleavage and γ-H2AX foci formation in γ-irradiated cells. Notably, we also found that de novo protein synthesis was required for the radio-resistant effects of TGF-β1. Our data thus indicate that TGF-β1 protected against γ-irradiation, decreasing DNA damage and reducing apoptosis, and thereby enhanced cell survival.
    Experimental Cell Research 12/2012; 319(4). DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2012.12.008 · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The therapeutic use of ionizing radiation (e.g., X-rays and γ-rays) needs to inflict minimal damage on non-target tissue. Recent studies have shown that substance P (SP) mediates multiple activities in various cell types, including cell proliferation, anti-apoptotic responses, and inflammatory processes. The present study investigated the effects of SP on γ-irradiated bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs). In mouse bone marrow extracts, SP prolonged activation of Erk1/2 and enhanced Bcl-2 expression, but attenuated the activation of apoptotic molecules (e.g., p38 and cleaved caspase-3) and down-regulated Bax. We also observed that SP-decreased apoptotic cell death and stimulated cell proliferation in γ-irradiated mouse bone marrow tissues through TUNEL assay and PCNA analysis. To determine how SP affects bone marrow stem cell populations, mouse bone marrow cells were isolated and colony-forming unit (CFU) of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) was estimated. SP-pretreated ones showed higher CFUs of MSC and HSC than untreated ones. Furthermore, when SP was pretreated in cultured human MSC, it significantly decreased apoptotic cells at 48 and 72 h after γ-irradiation. Compared with untreated cells, SP-treated human MSCs showed reduced cleavage of apoptotic molecules such as caspase-8, -9, -3, and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP). Thus, our results suggest that SP alleviates γ-radiation-induced damage to mouse BMSCs and human MSCs via regulation of the apoptotic pathway.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 05/2011; 226(5):1204-13. DOI:10.1002/jcp.22447 · 3.84 Impact Factor