Yoshiyuki Sasaki

Shiga Institute, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (23)25.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Marbling, defined by the amount and the distribution of intramuscular fat and measured as beef marbling score (BMS), is an economically important trait of beef cattle in Japan. We recently reported that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), namely, c.-312A>G, in the endothelial differentiation, sphingolipid G-protein-coupled receptor, 1 (EDG1) gene was associated with the BMS level in the Japanese Black beef cattle population of Oita prefecture, with the G allele being associated with a high level of the BMS. Thus, the c.-312A>G SNP seems to be a candidate marker for marker-assisted selection. In this study, we investigated whether this association could be replicated in 3 other independent Japanese Black cattle populations and analyzed the effect of the SNP genotypes on the carcass traits other than the BMS. Statistically significant differences in the BMS level were detected among the genotypes of the c.-312A>G SNP in the Japanese black beef cattle populations of Miyazaki (P = 0.0377) and Nagasaki (P = 0.0012) prefectures, and marginal difference was detected in the Kagoshima prefecture population (P = 0.0786). The G allele in the SNP was associated with an increase in the BMS level.The G allele also seemed to have a favorable influence, if any, on the carcass weight, rib eye area and rib thickness of the cattle populations. These findings suggest that the association of the c.-312A>G SNP with the BMS level in the Japanese Black beef cattle population was replicated in other beef cattle populations, and revealed favorable effects of the G allele on the beef productivity in the general Japanese Black beef cattle population. Thus, we concluded that the c.-312A>G SNP is useful for effective marker-assisted selection to increase the BMS level in Japanese Black beef cattle.
    BMC Research Notes 03/2010; 3:66.
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study detected a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), g.1471620G>T, in the 5' flanking region of the endothelial differentiation sphingolipid G-protein-coupled receptor 1 (EDG1) gene, which has been considered as a positional functional candidate for the gene responsible for marbling, and showed association of the g.1471620G>T SNP with marbling in Japanese Black beef cattle. In the present study, we investigated the allele frequency distribution of the g.1471620G>T SNP among the 5 cattle breeds, Japanese Black, Japanese Brown, Japanese Short Horn, Holstein, and Brown Swiss breeds. The T allele at the g.1471620G>T SNP associated with high marbling was found at high frequency in Japanese Black breed that has been subjected to a strong selection for high marbling, while the allele was absent or at very low frequencies in the other breeds that have not been strongly selected for high marbling. Based on this finding, we hypothesized that the pressure of the strong selection for high marbling in Japanese Black breed has increased the frequency of the T allele at the g.1471620G>T SNP in the EDG1.
    Animal Science Journal 02/2010; 81(1):142-4. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Marbling, defined by the amount and distribution of intramuscular fat, is an economically important trait of beef cattle in Japan. The c2-11#2 expressed sequence tag (EST) has been previously shown to possess expression difference in musculus longissimus muscle between low-marbled and high-marbled steer groups, and to be located within genomic region of a quantitative trait locus for marbling. Thus, the ribosomal protein L27a (RPL27A) gene containing the c2-11#2 EST sequence was considered as a positional candidate for the gene responsible for marbling. In the present study, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of the RPL27A, referred to as g.3109537C>T, was detected between the 2 steer groups. The SNP was associated with the predicted breeding value for beef marbling standard number by the analyses using Japanese Black beef cattle population. The effect of genotypes of the SNP on the predicted breeding value for subcutaneous fat thickness was not statistically significant. These findings suggest that the RPL27A SNP may be useful for effective marker-assisted selection to increase the levels of marbling in Japanese Black beef cattle.
    Animal Science Journal 12/2009; 80(6):631-5. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Marbling, defined by the amount and distribution of intramuscular fat, is an economically important trait of beef cattle in Japan. The endothelial differentiation, sphingolipid G-protein-coupled receptor, 1 (EDG1) gene has been considered as a positional functional candidate for the gene responsible for marbling. We have recently reported that 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), c.-312A>G in the 5' untranslated region (UTR) and c.*446G>A in the 3' UTR in EDG1 were associated with marbling in Japanese Black beef cattle, but this was not functional and a causal mutation for marbling. In the present study, we detected 2 novel SNPs, referred to as g.1475435G>A and g.1471620G>T, in the 5' flanking region of the EDG1 between low-marbled and high-marbled steer groups, which were previously shown to have EDG1 expression differences in musculus longissimus muscle. The g.1475435G>A SNP seemed not to segregate in Japanese Black beef cattle. The g.1471620G>T SNP was associated with the predicted breeding value for beef marbling standard number by the analyses using Japanese Black beef cattle population. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that the g.1471620G>T SNP might have an impact on EDG1 expression and also marbling.
    Animal Science Journal 08/2009; 80(4):486-9. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Marbling defined by the amount and distribution of intramuscular fat is an economically important trait of beef cattle in Japan. We have recently reported that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the endothelial differentiation, sphingolipid G-protein-coupled receptor, 1 (EDG1) gene were associated with marbling in Japanese Black beef cattle. As well as EDG1, the titin (TTN) gene, involved in myofibrillogenesis, has been previously shown to possess expression difference in musculus longissimus muscle between low-marbled and high-marbled steer groups, and to be located within genomic region of a quantitative trait locus for marbling. Thus TTN was considered as a positional functional candidate for the gene responsible for marbling. In this study, we explored SNP in TTN and analyzed association of the SNP with marbling. A SNP in the promoter region of TTN, referred to as g.231054C>T, was the only difference detected between high- and low-marbled steer groups. The SNP was associated with marbling in 3 experiments using 101 sires (P = 0.004), 848 paternal half-sib progeny steers from 5 sires heterozygous for the g.231054C>T (P = 0.046), and 820 paternal half-sib progeny steers from 3 sires homozygous for C allele at the g.231054C>T (P = 0.051), in Japanese Black beef cattle. The effect of genotypes of the SNP on subcutaneous fat thickness was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). These findings suggest that in addition to the EDG1 SNPs, the TTN SNP polymorphism is associated with marbling and may be useful for effective marker-assisted selection to increase the levels of marbling in Japanese Black beef cattle. Further replicate studies will be needed to confirm the allelic association observed here, and to expand the results to evaluate all possible genotypic combinations of alleles.
    BMC Research Notes 01/2009; 2:78.
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    ABSTRACT: Marbling defined by the amount and distribution of intramuscular fat, so-called Shimofuri, is an economically important trait of beef cattle in Japan. The c17-25 expressed sequence tag (EST) has been previously shown to possess expression difference in musculus longissimus muscle between low-marbled and high-marbled steer groups, and to be located within genomic region of a quantitative trait locus for marbling. Thus, the akirin 2 (AKIRIN2) gene containing the c17-25 EST sequence was considered as a positional functional candidate for the gene responsible for marbling. In this study, we explored single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the AKIRIN2 and analyzed association of the SNP with marbling. A SNP in the 3' untranslated region of the AKIRIN2, referred to as c.*188G>A, was the only difference detected between high- and low-marbled steer groups. The SNP was associated with marbling in 3 experiments using 100 sires (P = 0.041), 753 paternal half-sib progeny steers from 4 sires heterozygous for the c.*188G>A (P = 0.005), and 730 paternal half-sib progeny steers from 3 sires homozygous for the A allele at the c.*188G>A (P = 0.047), in Japanese Black beef cattle. The effect of genotypes of the SNP on subcutaneous fat thickness was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). These findings suggest that the AKIRIN2 SNP polymorphism is associated with marbling and may be useful for effective marker-assisted selection to increase the levels of marbling in Japanese Black beef cattle.
    BMC Research Notes 01/2009; 2:131.
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    ABSTRACT: Heterogeneity of variance among subclasses of an effect is a potential source of bias in genetic evaluation. Degrees of the heterogeneity of variance among farm-market-year-sex (FMYS) subclasses for carcass weight, beef marbling standard number, rib-eye area, rib thickness and subcutaneous fat thickness were investigated in Japanese Black cattle. Consequences of adjusting for the heterogeneity on the predicted breeding values (PBVs) or on the genetic indexes derived from the PBVs of the five carcass traits were assessed. A total of 57 461 records were collected between 1997 and 2002 from steers and heifers fattened at farms across Japan. These records were grouped into 1591 FMYS subclasses. Bartlett's test showed that the degree of the heterogeneity of variance among the FMYS subclasses was sizeable in all traits (P < 0.0001). By applying a two-step adjustment procedure it was possible to reduce the standard deviation, the coefficient of variation and the Gini coefficient of the phenotypic variances by 67.5% to 75.0% in the different traits. The applied adjustment caused a substantial re-ranking of elite dams in the PBV for each trait as well as in the genetic index. This study provided evidence that the applied adjustment reduces the bias in the PBVs due to heterogeneous variances and increases the accuracy of bull-dam selection.
    Animal Science Journal 08/2008; 79(6):645 - 654. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have recently showed that the pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) beta (PDHB) gene involved in fatty acid oxidation, the sorbin and SH3 domain containing 1 (SORBS1) gene involved in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, and the endothelial differentiation, sphingolipid G-protein-coupled receptor, 1 (EDG1) gene involved in blood vessel formation possess expression differences in musculus longissimus muscle between low-marbled and high-marbled steer groups. In the present study, we detected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter regions of the 3 genes between the 2 steer groups. A SNP in the EDG1 exhibited significantly different allelic distribution between animals with extremely high predicted breeding value for marbling and with extremely low one. The EDG1 SNP may be related to changes in gene expression and/or marbling.
    Research communications in molecular pathology and pharmacology 01/2007; 120-121(1-6):105-14.
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    ABSTRACT: Successful somatic nuclear transfer-derived cloning has been reported in cattle; however, the cloned embryo is highly susceptible to death around day 60 of gestation leading to early embryonic loss. The early embryonic death is postulated to possibly arise in part from an atypical placentation. We have performed cDNA macroarray analysis using 3,353 of the previously cataloged 4,165 genes, in order to characterize the early embryonic death-associated changes in genome-wide gene expression profiles in the fetal placenta of the cow carrying somatic nuclear transfer-derived cloned embryo. A more marked difference in the expression profiles was observed between the fetal placentas of the cows with the cloned immotile embryo (CD) and with the cloned motile embryo (CL) or artificial insemination-derived motile embryo (AI), as compared to between the CL and AI placentas, suggesting an aberration of the expression profile in the CD placenta among the three placentas. Further, 291 and 77 genes showed more than twofold elevation and less than 50% reduction, respectively, in either or both of two CD (CD1 and CD2) placentas in comparison with the CL placenta, but no differential expression between the CL and AI placentas. The expression patterns of six genes in the AI, CL, and CD placentas were confirmed in an experiment with an additional sample for each of the three placentas. Among the placental genes showing the early embryonic death-associated changes of expression in the cow with the cloned embryo, IGF2 (elevated gene), and HBA1, HBA2, SPTB, and SPTBN1 genes (reduced gene) are intriguing in that the changes of expression in these genes were observed in an additional sample of CD placenta as well as the CD1 and CD2 placentas, and in that overexpression (for IGF2) and dysfunction or deficiency (for HBA1, HBA2, SPTB, and SPTBN1) result in embryonic lethality.
    Molecular Reproduction and Development 05/2006; 73(4):404-9. · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat exhibits polygenic obesity, and one of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) responsible for a susceptibility to obesity in the OLETF, Nidd6/of, has been mapped to the approximately 10-cM genomic region between D1Rat166 and D1Rat90 on chromosome 1 in (OLETF x normal) F2 intercross. In this study, we have attempted to identify the causal gene for the Nidd6/of QTL. A Nidd6/of congenic strain, constructed by introgressing the OLETF allele on the mapped Nidd6/of region in the normal F344 rat strain, confirmed the existence of the Nidd6/of as obesity QTL. The Nidd6/of region was refined to a approximately 2.3-cM genomic region between D1Rat225 and D1Rat90, using informative recombinants selected from (Nidd6/of congenic x F344) F1 x Nidd6/of congenic backcross progenies. Among 46 genes located within the approximately 2.3-cM region, pancreatic lipase gene, Pnlip, was regarded as the most prominent and physiologically relevant positional candidate for the Nidd6/of QTL. We found that Pnlip possesses an OLETF allele-specific increase of mRNA levels in the pancreas, and that the OLETF allele is longer in variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) within the 5'-flanking region than normal alleles. We further showed that the Nidd6/of QTL completely cosegregates with Pnlip VNTR in the informative recombinants from (Nidd6/of congenic x F344) F1 x Nidd6/of congenic backcross progenies. These results suggest that Pnlip is possible candidate for the Nidd6/of QTL.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2005; 331(4):1270-6. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    Akira Narita, Yoshiyuki Sasaki
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    ABSTRACT: A quantitative trait depends on multiple quantitative trait loci (QTL) and on the interaction between two or more QTL, named epistasis. Several methods to detect multiple QTL in various types of design have been proposed, but most of these are based on the assumption that each QTL works independently and epistasis has not been explored sufficiently. The objective of the study was to propose an integrated method to detect multiple QTL with epistases using Bayesian inference via a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm. Since the mixed inheritance model is assumed and the deterministic algorithm to calculate the probabilities of QTL genotypes is incorporated in the method, this can be applied to an outbred population such as livestock. Additionally, we treated a pair of QTL as one variable in the Reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJMCMC) algorithm so that two QTL were able to be simultaneously added into or deleted from a model. As a result, both of the QTL can be detected, not only in cases where either of the two QTL has main effects and they have epistatic effects between each other, but also in cases where neither of the two QTL has main effects but they have epistatic effects. The method will help ascertain the complicated structure of quantitative traits.
    Genetics Selection Evolution 01/2004; 36(4):415-33. · 3.49 Impact Factor
  • Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho 01/2004; 75(4):527-533.
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    ABSTRACT: The rat strain Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) is an animal model for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nidd8/of has been identified as one of 14 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) involved in the diabetes by a whole genome search in 160 F2 progenies obtained by mating the OLETF and F344 rats. Comparative mapping between human and rat indicated that the Nidd8/of genomic region, near D9rat21 on rat chromosome 9, contains the calpain10 (Capn10) gene, which is putative type 2 diabetes-susceptibility gene in humans. In this study, we found no difference in Capn10 mRNA expression in the heart, liver, skeletal muscle and pancreas between OLETF and F344 rats at 5 and 10 weeks of age. However, we found a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (A/A genotype in OLETF and G/G genotype in F344 and LETO rats) at the base 583 downstream from the translation start site in the rat Capn10 cDNA sequence. This SNP was deduced to substitute serine (OLETF) for glycine (F344 and LETO) at the 195 amino acid residue within the protease domain of rat Capn10. Because serine is generally not interchangeable with glycine in respect of the protein structure and function, it was deduced that the A/A genotype in OLETF is not a 'safe' mutation. This non-conservative amino acid substitution might be associated with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in OLETF rats.
    International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life 10/2003; 55(9):533-7. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A genomic region between D1Wox8 and D1Rat90 on rat chromosome 1 was previously shown to be linked to intramuscular fat accumulation by quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis using a F2 population derived from the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat, which exhibits an increase in the levels of intramuscular fat content in Musculus longissimus, and the F344 rat. There exist two regions showing major and minor lod peaks for linkage to intramuscular fat accumulation, in the chromosomal region. We constructed a congenic strain introgressing the OLETF allele on the minor but not the major lod peak region in the F344 rat strain. The congenic strain had higher levels of intramuscular fat content in Musculus longissimus than the inbred partner F344 rat, thereby proving the existence of a QTL, designated Imfm (for Intramuscular fat-minor), responsible for the intramuscular fat accumulation in the congenic region of the minor lod peak region of about 10 cM. The F344.OLETF-Imfm congenic strain might provide a refined tool for the analysis of the gene causing intramuscular fat accumulation.
    Experimental Animals 08/2003; 52(4):303-8. · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho 01/2003; 74(2):187-193.
  • Journal of Equine Science. 01/2003; 14(3):81-86.
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously purified an extracellular polysaccharide, D-galactan sulfate associated with L(+)-lactic acid, produced from a marine microalga Dinoflagellate Gymnodinium sp. A3 (GA3). The GA3 polysaccharide, irrespective of presence or absence of lactic acid, exhibited significant cytotoxicity, which is based on an induction of apoptotic cell death, toward human myeloid leukemia K562 cells. Furthermore, we found that the GA3 polysaccharide with or without lactic acid possesses an inhibitory effect on topoisomerase-I (topo-I). The potent cytotoxic effect of GA3 polysaccharide may result from its inhibitory effect on topo-I, because the topo-I inhibition is known to trigger apoptotic cell death.
    Life Sciences 11/2002; 71(21):2575. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    Life Sciences 10/2002; 71(21):2575-2575. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The product of the leptin gene is a 16-kDa protein secreted by adipose tissue and regulates adiposity. The leptin gene could be a potential candidate gene controlling some proportion of adipose and lean accretion in cattle, and thus, may be referred to as one of genetic factor controlling meat quality determinants such as marbling. We have isolated the bovine leptin gene including its promoter region. We have determined the exon-intron organization of the bovine leptin gene, which consisted of three exons and two introns and spanned about 18.9 kb, equivalent to that of human or mouse gene. A approximately 3-kb 5'-flanking region upstream from the putative transcription start site of the gene contained consensus Sp1 and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) motifs, and transient transfection assay with secreted alkaline phosphatase reporter confirmed the promoter activity in 3T3-L1 cells that possessed expression of the cotransfected C/EBP alpha expression plasmid. Cotransfection with C/EBP alpha caused 24-fold activation in leptin reporter expression, as compared to cotransfection with control plasmid, consistent with existence of the putative C/EBP alpha binding site in the proximal 5'-flanking region of the bovine leptin gene.
    International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life 03/2002; 53(2):131-5. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat is an animal model for obese type 2 diabetes. We showed that the OLETF rat exhibits higher levels of intramuscular fat content in Musculus longissimus as compared to the Fischer-344 (F344) rat. Our investigation was designed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) contributing to the increased levels of intramuscular fat content by performing a whole-genome search using 108 F2 intercross obtained by mating the OLETF and the F344 rats. We identified one QTL responsible for intramuscular fat accumulation on rat chromosome 1 with a maximum lod score of 3.4, which accounts for 5% of the total variance. As expected, the OLETF allele corresponds to the increased levels of intramuscular fat content.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 02/2002; 64(1):45-50. · 0.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

124 Citations
25.75 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010
    • Shiga Institute
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2002–2010
    • Kyoto University
      • • Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture
      • • Division of Applied Biosciences
      Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan
  • 2003–2005
    • Shizuoka Eiwa Gakuin University
      Sizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan