You-Young Jo

National Academy of Agricultural Science (South Korea), Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (23)10.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to demonstrate that a silk fibroin (SF) and 4-hexylresorcinol (4-HR) incorporation membrane could be used for a guided bone regeneration technique. Fourier transform infrared measurements were obtained to determine change of physical property of SF membrane by 4-HR incorporation. Two peri-implant defects, 3.0 × 5.0 mm (width × length), were prepared on the lateral side of the implant hole in the tibia of New Zealand white rabbits (n = 8). The peri-implant defect was left unfilled in the control group. Silk fibroin + 4-HR membrane was applied to the peri-implant defect in the experimental group. The 8 animals were killed at 8 weeks after implantation. Subsequently, removal torque test and histomorphometric evaluation were done. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed no specific chemical interaction between 4-HR and SF. In the histomorphometric analysis, the mean bone regeneration was 18.3 ± 1.9 mm in the experimental group and 9.3 ± 0.9 mm in the control group (P = 0.004). In conclusion, the SF and 4-HR incorporation membrane successfully regenerated bone in the rabbit tibia peri-implant bone defect model.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 11/2013; 24(6):1927-30. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antheraea pernyi silkworm is one of typical wild silkworms, which spins a tawny color cocoon. The cocoon has been used as a resource for textile material due to strong chemical stability and good mechanical properties. In this study, to increase the solubility efficiency of A. pernyi silk fibroin, the composition of dissolution solvent were examined. Calcium chloride tertiary system, normally used for dissolution of Bombyx mori silk fibroin, does not act on A. pernyi silk fibroin. Calcium nitrate system dissolves A. pernyi silk fibroin, and calcium nitrate ethanol system do more easily than calcium nitrate system. Amino acid composition of A. pernyi silk fibroin obtained after dissolution is mainly composed of alanine, glycine, and serine. A. pernyi silk fibroin would be used for non-textile applications near future.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2013; 51(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Silk fibroin is a natural biomaterial that has the biocompatibility and other many advantages. But as a silk fibroin membrane thickness increases, the transparency becomes more opaque. Because the transparency of membranes tissue such as the cornea and dura mater are necessary, transparent membrane is required to replace these transparent membranes. In this study, we fabricated blending silk fibroin membranes that made by mixing the various inorganic salts or polymer in an aqueous solution of silk fibroin. The transparency of the membranes were analyzed. the transparency of these membranes is very different, depending on the mixed materials. Inorganic salts mixed silk membrane was more transparent than the polymer mixed one. Especially, the silk fibroin membrane with calcium chloride was very transparent. We showed the possibility of blending silk fibroin membrane, which can be used in perfect transparent membrane such as the cornea. In the future, we expect that the transparent blending silk fibroin membrane can be used in various medical applications.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2013; 51(2).
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the bone regeneration capability of silk membrane plus 3% 4-hexylresorcinol (3% 4-HR plus SM) in a rabbit calvarial defect model. Twenty New Zealand white rabbits were used in this study. Bilateral round shaped defects were created in the parietal bone (diameter: 8.0 mm). And the defects were covered with (1) 3% 4-HR plus SM, (2) collagen membrane (CM), (3) no graft material. After surgery, the animals were sacrificed at 4 weeks and 8 weeks. Bone regeneration was analyzed in each section by micro-computerized tomography (-CT). And Hematoxylin and eosin stains were used for histological analysis. As measured by -CT analysis 4 weeks after surgery, the average of new bone formation in animals treated with 3% 4-HR plus SM was greater than that of animals treated with CM. and the difference was statistically significant. And well organized lamella bones were observed in the histological view of the 3% 4-HR plus SM group. Therefore, more bone regeneration was seen in animals treated with 3% 4-HR plus SM than in those treated with CM or uncovered control.
    International Journal of Industrial Entomology. 01/2013; 27(1).
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, silkgland powder of silkworm were investigated to see possibility for cosmetic powder materials. To test possibility as a baby powder cosmetics, total content rate of amino acids, DPPH free radical scavenging assay, MTT assay, and clinical trial were done. According to the result of the analysis of the amino acids of silkgland powder, serin (26.77%) content was the highest and asparatic acid (15.47%), and glycine (9.62%) were followed. DPPH free radical scavenging activity of silkgland powder was lower than vitamin C by 82.3% and 97%, respectively, which is relatively good. And the moisture and elasticity effect were increased in silkgland powder compared to control cosmetics by 210% and 185%, relatively. Thus, these results suggest that silkgland powder of silkworm may have beneficial properties as a material for cosmeceuticals.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2013; 51(1).
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, matured silkworm hemolymph was studied for inhibitory effect on melanin formation, tyrosinase activities. A matured silkworm hemolymph mass purification method was developed and some of suppressing melanin formation effects were investigated, too. As a result, the advanced purification method was higher in yield rate than existing one by 53%. A free radical scavenging activity of hemolymph was higher than sericin on the market(, ) and lower than vitamin C() by . An inhibitory effect on melanin synthesis was higher in hemolymph compared to Morus bark and arbutin by 9.15% and 11.56%, respectively. An inhibitory effect on tyrosinase activity was higher in hemolymph than Morus bark and lower than arbutin. Effect of hemolymph on suppressing of tyrosinase was almost 90%. Thus, these results suggest that hemolymph of matured silkworm may have beneficial properties as a material for cosmetics.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2013; 51(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Fibroin and sericin are natural proteins obtained from cocoon and one of the spotlight materials for medical device. Medical device made of these proteins also has the advantage that this material is biodegradable in to amino acid. In this study, we prepared silk sponges using fibroin, sericin and additives. The characterizations of the silk sponges such as morphology, stability, and blood absorbency were observed. The structural stability of the silk sponge decreased significantly by increasing sericin contents. The effect on the concentrations of ethanol to induce crystallization was observed to be superior to 70% ethanol. Structural stability of silk sponges containing additives was very lower than those not containing additives. The blood absorbency of the silk sponges was found to be excellent, regardless of the composition of sericin and fibroin. The resilient power of these sponges was also very good, in spite of the repeated soaking and drying. Therefore, we expect that the silk sponges can be used medical supplies such as plastic implants and hemostatic cotton.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2013; 51(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Bone disease can be associated with bone resorption by osteoclasts, and interest in the development of antiresorptive agents has recently increased. The hydrolysate of silk fibroin has been studied with respect to such biomedical applications. In a previous study, silk fibroin showed indirect inhibitory effects on the differentiation of osteoclasts. To further evaluate the effect of a hydrolysate of silk fibroin on osteoclasts, we investigated the direct effects of the silk fibroin hydrolysate on osteoclastogenesis and apoptosis of osteoclasts induced by receptor activation of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL). The silk fibroin hydrolysate inhibited RANKL-induced formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in RAW 264.7 cells. The inhibitory effect of the silk fibroin hydrolysate resulted in the decreased expression of osteoclast marker genes, such as matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), cathepsin-K and calcitonin receptor (CTR). In addition, the silk fibroin hydrolysate blocked the signaling pathways of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and expression of transcription factors, such as nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1) and NF-κB. Finally, the silk fibroin hydrolysate induced apoptosis signaling cascades. Taken together, the present results indicate that silk fibroin hydrolysate has antiresorptive activity by both inhibiting osteoclastogenesis and inducing osteoclast apoptosis.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 11/2012; 30(5):1203-10. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Silk fibroin (SF) peptide has been traditionally used as a treatment for flatulence, spasms, and phlegm. In this study, we examined whether SF peptide enhanced the antiinflammatory effect of PEP-1-FK506 binding protein (PEP-1-FK506BP) through comparing the anti-inflammatory activities of SF peptide and/or PEP-1-FK506BP. In the presence or absence of SF peptide, transduction levels of PEP-1-FK506BP into HaCaT cells and mice skin and anti-inflammatory activities of PEP-1-FK506BP were identified by Western blot and histological analyses. SF peptide alone effectively reduced both mice ear edema and the elevated levels of cyclooxygenase-2, interleukin-6 and -1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, showing similar anti-inflammatory effect to that of PEP-1-FK506BP. Furthermore, co-treatment with SF peptide and PEP-1- FK506BP exhibited more enhanced anti-inflammatory effects than the samples treated with SF peptides or PEP- 1-FK506BP alone, suggesting the possibility that SF peptide and PEP-1-FK506BP might interact with each other. Moreover, the transduction data demonstrated that SF peptide did not affect the transduction of PEP-1- FK506BP into HaCaT cells and mice skin, indicating that the improvement of anti-inflammatory effect of PEP-1- FK506BP was not caused by enhanced transduction of PEP-1-FK506BP. Thus, these results suggest the possibility that co-treatment with SF peptide and PEP-1-FK506BP may be exploited as a useful therapy for various inflammationrelated diseases.
    Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 04/2012; 22(4):494-500. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, silk gland powder of silkworm were investigated to see the possibility for baby powder cosmetics materials. To test possibility as a baby powder cosmetics, total content rate of amino acids, DPPH free radical scavenging assay, MTT assay, and clinical trial were done. According to the result of the analysis of the amino acids of silk gland powder, serin (26.77%) content was the highest and asparatic acid (15.47%), and glycine (9.62%) were followed. DPPH free radical scavenging activity of silk gland powder was lower than vitamin C by 82.3% and 97%, respectively, which is relatively good. Moisture effect were increased in silk gland powder compared to control cosmetics by 50%. Also, silk gland powder was classified as a practically non-irritating material based on the score 0.05 of primary irritation index. Thus, these results suggest that silk gland powder of silkworm may have beneficial properties as a material for baby powder cosmetics.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2012; 50(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy metals and residual agricultural chemicals in Bombyx mori silkworm cocoon for nontextile usages were examined. Proximate composition of silkworm cocoon was examined; contents of moisture, crude protein, crude fat, and ash were about 5 ~ 6%, 93 ~ 94%, 0.4 ~ 0.5%, and 0.3 ~ 0.4%, respectively. The Heavy metals were analyzed by ICP/MS after acid digestion. Arsenic, cadmium, and lead were not detected. The average contents of mercury, zinc, and cupric were 0.317, 3.99, and 2.06 mg/kg, respectively. Agricultural chemicals, such as dichlorvos and paraquart also were not detected. Silkworm cocoon may be safe used for nontextile applications.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2012; 50(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Silk is a natural polymer that has the advantages of the biocompatibility, excellent mechanical strength, low immune rejection, and molding facility. But silk does not dissolve easily in water or general solvent. To investigate the characteristics of silk biological membranes according to dissolving condition of silk fibroin, we made the silk biological membranes using silk fibroin solutions with different amount and dissolving time of silk. The characterizations of the silk biological membranes such as morphology, structure, and mechanical strength were observed. Although each biological membrane has the same fibroin content, there was a significant difference in the thickness and transparency. But there was no significant change in the molecular weight of the silk fibroin solutions and morphology of silk biological membranes. We were established the manufacturing condition for silk fibroin biological membrane. So we expect that the conditions will help in the development of medical supplies in the future.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2012; 50(2).
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of Protaetia. brevitarsis extracts on the protection against liver damage by carbon tetrachloride() in rat, two kinds of experiment were performed, firstly by the primary hepatocyte culture and secondly by the animal feeding. The primary hepatocyte culture with the extracts of P.brevitarsis showed significantly low activities of GPT, bile acid, and bilirubin, indicating an excellent protective effect against liver damage by . Especially, below molecular weight 1,000 blew the water to have 32.1% recovery degree. In the seconde experiment, serum GPT activity was significantly decreased in water fraction of P. brevitarsis compared to treatment by 98.2%. Serum concentration of bile acid and bilirubin were tended to increased by treatment, but water fraction of P. brevitarsis and silymarin recovered the level. These consistent results in vitro and in vivo suggest that the extracts of P. brevitarsis may have strong protective effects against liver damage induced by the potential toxicants such as .
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2012; 50(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone regeneration ability of 1% tetracycline (TC)-loaded silk fibroin membrane (SFM), in a rabbit calvarial defect model. Methods: Twenty New Zealand white rabbits were used for this study. Bilateral round defects were made on the rabbit parietal bone, using trephine bur with an 8 mm diameter. TC-loaded SFM or SFM was covered on the right parietal bone defect, and the left parietal bone defects were uncovered for the control. The animals were humanely sacrificed at 4 or 8 weeks postoperatively. A micro-computerized tomography (-CT) of each specimen was taken for analysis of bone regeneration. Hematoxylin and Eosin stain were done to observe histological findings. Results: From the -CT results, regenerated bone volume () of 1% TC-loaded SFM, SFM, and control were , , and at 4 weeks postoperatively, respectively (P>0.05). Regenerated bone volume () of 1% TC-loaded SFM, SFM, and control were , , and at 8 weeks postoperatively, respectively (P
    Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 01/2012; 34(5).
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    ABSTRACT: A number of researcher have studied biomaterials for cartilage regeneration and are now proceeding. Silk protein was attempted for use as biomedical materials by many researchers because it is natural polymer with biocompatibility and excellent mechanical strength. In this study, we want to know a possibility of silk protein on the cartilage regeneration. We isolated chondrocytes from nasal cartilage and confirmed optimal culture condition of the cells. To observe the effects of silk fibroin on chondrogenesis, we added silk fibroin solutions to the culture medium of chondrocyte and detected gene expression levels related chondrogenesis such as col2, col10. The chondrocytes showed optimal growth when they were cultured in DMEM medium supplemented with 10% FBS 100 M ascorbic acid. The levels of col2 gene expression were increased in non-autoclaved silk fibroin, but decreased in autoclaved one. Also the gene expression levels of col10 were increased in silk fibroin, particulary at 3D culture. Based on the results of this study, we had seen the possibility of silk fibroin for cartilage regeneration. In future studies, we should know more clearly the relationship between cartilage regeneration and the silk protein.
    Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science. 01/2012; 50(1).
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether silk fibroin peptide derived from the silkworm, Bombyx mori, could inhibit inflammation and enhance the anti-inflammatory activity of Tat-superoxide dismutase (Tat-SOD), which was previously reported to effectively penetrate various cells and tissues and exert anti-oxidative activity in a mouse model of inflammation. Inflammation was induced by topical treatment of mouse ears with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Histological, Western blot, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction data demonstrated that silk fibroin peptide or Tat-SOD alone could suppress elevated levels of cyclooxygenase-2, interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha induced by TPA. Moreover, silk fibroin peptide significantly enhanced the anti-inflammatory activity of Tat-SOD, although it had no influence on in vitro and in vivo transduction of Tat-SOD. Silk fibroin peptide exhibited anti- inflammatory activity in a mice model of inflammation. Therefore, silk fibroin peptide alone or in combination with Tat-SOD might be used as a therapeutic agent for various inflammatory diseases.
    BMB reports 12/2011; 44(12):787-92. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone regeneration ability of silk fibroin (SF) membrane. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) and solubility test against distilled water were performed with 3 different types of SF membrane (SM1, SM2, and SM3). Subsequently, microscopic computerized tomography (μ-CT) and histomorphometric analyses were performed in rabbit calvarial defect model after SF membrane application at 4 and 8 weeks after surgery. FT-IR showed that the conformation of the SF membrane was a random coil structure and that SM1 was the least soluble. When SM1 was used in the animal model, the groups with SM1 had significantly higher new bone formation than the uncovered control in both the μ-CT and the histomorphometric analyses (P < .05). The SF membrane had more new bone formation compared with the uncovered control.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 08/2011; 112(6):e26-33. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study evaluated the capability of bone formation with silk fibroin/nano-hydroxyapatite/corn starch composite scaffold as a bone defect replacement matrix when grafted in a calvarial bone defect of rabbits . Methods: Ten New Zealand white rabbits were used for this study and bilateral round-shaped defects were formed in the parietal bone (diameter: 8.0 mm). The silk fibroin 10% nano-hydroxyapatite/30% corn starch/60% composite scaffold was grafted into the right parietal bone (experimental group). The left side (control group) was grafted with a nano-hydroxyapatite (30%)/corn starch (70%) scaffold. The animals were sacrificed at 4 weeks and 8 weeks. A micro-computerized tomography () of each specimen was taken. Subsequently, the specimens were decalcified and stained with Masson's trichrome for histological and histomorphometric analysis. Results: The average and histomorphometric measures of bone formation were higher in the control group than in the experimental group at 4 weeks and 8 weeks after surgery though not statistically significant ( >0.05). Conclusion: The rabbit calvarial defect was not successfully repaired by silk fibroin/nano-hydroxyapatite/corn starch composite scaffold and may have been due to an inflammatory reaction caused by silk powder. In the future, the development of composite bone graft material based on various components should be performed with caution.
    Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 01/2011; 33(6).
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    ABSTRACT: Silk fibroin, a natural protein produced by silkworm, is a good biomaterial which has biodegradability and biocompatibility. To ascertain the effects of silk fibroin on cell growth, silk fibroin films were prepared using silk fibroin aqueous solutions of various concentrations. We investigated the attachment, proliferation, morphology of the cells and the expression levels of genes related to cell attachment and growth on the silk fibroin films. When the cells were cultured on the 0.1 and 1% silk fibroin film, the cell adhesion ability was very excellent. Particularly, overall cell growth on the 1% silk fibroin film was definitely superior to the others. Also, expression levels of genes related cell growth were increased on the 0.1 and 1% silk fibroin film. These results suggest silk as a material for medical applications.
    Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry 01/2011; 54(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Substance P is a well known neurotransmitter and has been known to mediate pain. Recently, it has been unveiled that substance P is involved in the recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells to wound sites. The purpose of this study was to exam bone formation when a combination of substance P and silk fibroin was used in a bone defect model. Methods: Twenty rabbits were used and 40 calvarial defects were formed. They were divided as 4 groups (unfilled control, silk only, silk+/ml substance P; Sub10, and silk+/ml substance P; Sub100). All animals were humanely sacrificed 4 or 8 weeks after grafting. The specimens were analyzed by micro-computerized tomography and histological analysis. Results: When compared to the unfilled control to silk only group, there was significant difference in bone mineral density (BMD) and the attenuation coefficient (AC) at 4 weeks (=0.037 and 0.038, respectively). When compared Sub10 group to Sub100 group, there was significant difference in BMD and AC at 8 weeks (=0.004 for all). Residual graft amounts were %, % and % for silk only, Sub10, and Sub100 groups, respectively. When comparing the residual graft amount of silk only to sub10 or sub100, the differences were statistically significant (
    Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 01/2011; 33(4).