Yutaka Yamashita

Daiwa House Central Research Laboratory, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (27)36.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used for noninvasive assessment of oxygenation in living tissue. For muscle measurements by NIRS, the measurement sensitivity to muscle (SM) is strongly influenced by fat thickness (FT). In this study, we investigated the influence of FT and developed a correction curve for SM with an optode distance (3 cm) sufficiently large to probe the muscle. First, we measured the hemoglobin concentration in the forearm (n=36) and thigh (n=6) during arterial occlusion using a time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) system, and then FT was measured by ultrasound. The correction curve was derived from the ratio of partial mean optical path length of the muscle layer 〈LM〉 to observed mean optical path length 〈L〉. There was good correlation between FT and 〈L〉 at rest, and 〈L〉 could be used to estimate FT. The estimated FT was used to validate the correction curve by measuring the forearm blood flow (FBF) by strain-gauge plethysmography (SGP_FBF) and TRS (TRS_FBF) simultaneously during a reactive hyperemia test with 16 volunteers. The corrected TRS_FBF results were similar to the SGP_FBF results. This is a simple method for sensitivity correction that does not require use of ultrasound.
    Journal of Biomedical Optics 06/2014; 19(6):67005. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using near-infrared time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS), we measured the human head in transmittance mode to obtain the optical properties, tissue oxygenation, and hemodynamics of deep brain tissues in 50 healthy adult volunteers. The right ear canal was irradiated with 3-wavelengths of pulsed light (760, 795, and 835nm), and the photons passing through the human head were collected at the left ear canal. Optical signals with sufficient intensity could be obtained from 46 of the 50 volunteers. By analyzing the temporal profiles based on the photon diffusion theory, we successfully obtained absorption coefficients for each wavelength. The levels of oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO2), deoxygenated hemoglobin (Hb), total hemoglobin (tHb), and tissue oxygen saturation (SO2) were then determined by referring to the hemoglobin spectroscopic data. Compared with the SO2 values for the forehead measurements in reflectance mode, the SO2 values of the transmittance measurements of the human head were approximately 10% lower, and tHb values of the transmittance measurements were always lower than those of the forehead reflectance measurements. Moreover, the level of hemoglobin and the SO2 were strongly correlated between the human head measurements in transmittance mode and the forehead measurements in the reflectance mode, respectively. These results demonstrated a potential application of this TRS system in examining deep brain tissues of humans.
    02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Near-infrared optical imaging targeting the intrinsic contrast of tissue hemoglobin has emerged as a promising approach for visualization of vascularity in cancer research. We evaluated the usefulness of diffuse optical spectroscopy using time-resolved spectroscopic (TRS) measurements for functional imaging of primary breast cancer. Fifty-five consecutive TNM stageI/II patients with histologically proven invasive ductal carcinoma and operable breast tumors (<5 cm) who underwent TRS measurements were enrolled. Thirty (54.5%) patients underwent 18F-fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography with measurement of maximum tumor uptake. TRS was used to obtain oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, and total hemoglobin (tHb) levels from the lesions, surrounding normal tissue, and contralateral normal tissue. Lesions with tHb levels 20% higher than those present in normal tissue were defined as "hotspots," while others were considered "uniform." The findings in either tumor type were compared with clinicopathological factors. "Hotspot" tumors were significantly larger (P = 0.002) and exhibited significantly more advanced TNM stage (P = 0.01), higher mitotic counts (P = 0.01) and higher levels of FDG uptake (P = 0.0004) compared with "uniform" tumors; however, other pathological variables were not significantly different between the two groups. Optical imaging for determination of tHb levels allowed for measurement of tumor vascularity as a function of proliferation and glucose metabolism, which may be useful for prediction of patient prognosis and potential response to treatment.
    BMC Cancer 10/2013; 13(1):514. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have been developing time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) systems for breast cancer diagnosis. Its principle is based on the optical properties of the patient’s breast obtained by TRS measurements.
    Biomedical Optics; 04/2012
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the usefulness of near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) for detection of vasospasm in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We investigated seven aneurysmal SAH patients with poor clinical conditions (WFNS grade V) who underwent endovascular coil embolization. Employing TRS, we measured the oxygen saturation (SO(2)) and baseline hemoglobin concentrations in the cortices. Measurements of TRS and transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) were performed repeatedly for 14 days after SAH. In four of the seven patients, the SO(2) and hemoglobin concentrations measured in the brain tissue of the middle cerebral artery territory remained stable after SAH. However, in three patients, TRS revealed abrupt decreases in SO(2) and total hemoglobin between 5 and 9 days after SAH. Cerebral angiography performed on the same day revealed severe vasospasms in these patients. Although TCD detected the vasospasm in two of three cases, it failed to do so in one case. TRS could detect vasospasms after SAH by evaluating the cortical blood oxygenation.
    Advances in experimental medicine and biology 01/2010; 662:505-11. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the alterations in optical characteristics and cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) in the frontal lobe during language tasks, we evaluated the changes in mean optical pathlength (MOP) and CBO induced by a verbal fluency task (VFT) in the right and left frontal lobes in normal adults (n = 9, mean age = 29.6 +/- 4.8 years). We employed a newly developed 8-channel time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy (TRS) instrument. The results demonstrated differences in MOP in the fronto-temporal areas with subject and wavelength; however, there was no significant difference between the right and left sides (p > 0.05). Also, the VFT did not affect the MOP significantly as compared to that before the tasks (p > 0.05). In all of the recording regions, the VFT caused increases in concentration of oxyhemoglobin and total hemoglobin associated with a decrease in deoxyhemoglobin concentration, indicating that these cortical areas were activated by the VFT. However, the mean concentration changes of oxyhemoglobin and total hemoglobin on the left side were larger than those on the right side. In addition, functional MRI demonstrated that the inferior frontal gyrus on the left side was activated in the subjects who exhibited increases in oxyhemoglobin concentration in these areas. These results suggest that TRS may be useful to study language function and to assess hemispheric dominance for language.
    Advances in experimental medicine and biology 01/2010; 662:213-8. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We developed a three-wavelength time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) system, which allows quantitative measurement of hemodynamics within relatively large living tissue. We clinically evaluated this TRS system by monitoring cerebral circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, total hemoglobin and oxygen saturation (SO(2)) were determined by TRS on the left forehead attached with an optode spacing of 4 cm. We also simultaneously monitored jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO(2)) and arterial blood hematocrit (Hct) using conventional methods. The validity and usefulness of the TRS system were assessed by comparing parameters obtained with the TRS and conventional methods. Although the changes in SO(2) were lower than those in SjvO(2), SO(2) obtained by TRS paralleled the fluctuations in SjvO(2), and a good correlation between these values was observed. The only exceptions occurred during the perfusion period. Moreover, there was a good correlation between tHb and Hct values (r(2)=0.63). We concluded that time-resolved spectroscopy reflected the conditions of cerebral hemodynamics of patients during surgical operations.
    Journal of Biomedical Optics 01/2007; 12(6):062112. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the alterations in optical characteristics and cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) during activation and deactivation, we evaluated the changes in mean optical pathlength (MOP) and CBO induced by a verbal fluency task (VFT) and driving simulation in the right and left prefrontal cortex (PFC), employing a newly developed time-resolved near infrared spectroscopy, which allows quantitative measurements of the evoked-CBO changes by determining the MOP with a sampling time of 1 s. The results demonstrated differences in MOP in the foreheads with the subjects and wavelength; however, there was no significant difference between the right and left foreheads (p > 0.05). Also, both the VFT and driving simulation task did not affect the MOP significantly as compared to that before the tasks (p > 0.05). In the bilateral PFCs, the VFT caused increases of oxyhemoglobin and total hemoglobin associated with a decrease of deoxyhemoglobin, while the driving simulation task caused decreases of oxyhemoglobin and total hemoglobin associated with an increase of deoxyhemoglobin; there were no significant differences in evoked-CBO changes between the right and left PFC. The present results will be useful for quantitative measurement of hemodynamic changes during activation and deactivation in the adults by near infrared spectroscopy.
    Life Sciences 06/2006; 78(23):2734-41. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared pharmacologically-perturbed hemodynamic parameters (cerebral blood volume; CBV, and flow; CBF) by acetazolamide administration in six healthy human subjects studied with positron emission tomography (PET) and near-infrared (NIR) time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) simultaneously to investigate whether NIR-TRS could measure in vivo hemodynamics in the brain tissue quantitatively. Simultaneously with the PET measurements, TRS measurements were performed at the forehead with four different optode spacing from 2 cm to 5 cm. Total hemoglobin and oxygen saturation (SO2) measured by TRS significantly increased after administration of acetazolamide at any optode spacing in all subjects. In PET study, CBV and CBF were estimated in the following three volumes of interest (VOIs) determined on magnetic resonance images, VOI1: scalp and skull, VOI2: gray matter region, VOI3: gray and white matter regions. Acetazolamide treatment elevated CBF and CBV significantly in VOI2 and VOI3 but VOI1. TRS-derived CBV was more strongly correlated with PET-derived counterpart in VOI2 and VOI3 when the optode spacing was above 4 cm, although optical signal from cerebral tissue could be caught with any optode spacing. As to increase of the CBV, 4 cm of optode spacing correlated best with VOI2. To support the result of TRS-PET experiment, we also estimated the contribution ratios of intracerebral tissue to observed absorption change based on diffusion theory. The contribution ratios at 4 cm were estimated as follows: 761 nm: 50%, 791 nm: 72%, 836 nm: 70%. These results demonstrated that NIR-TRS with 4 cm of optode spacing could measure cerebral hemodynamic responses optimally and quantitatively.
    NeuroImage 03/2006; 29(3):697-705. · 6.25 Impact Factor
  • Yukio Ueda, Kazuyoshi Ohta, Yutaka Yamashita
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    ABSTRACT: Our research goal is to develop diffuse optical tomography (DOT) capable of quantitative measurement. Information on optical pathlength is essential for reconstructing images with quantitative properties, and we have performed image reconstruction with a simulation model using a time-resolved photon path distribution (time-resolved PPD). The results showed that a DOT image reconstruction algorithm using this PPD is effective in quantifying the absorbers in a scattering medium such as human tissue. This algorithm uses a photon distribution independent of absorption by simply assuming that the measurement object is homogeneous, which means that PPD needs to be calculated only once. Our technique is therefore applicable to short-time imaging of measurement objects for which absorption changes flatness such as that in human tissue.
    Optical Review 06/2005; 12(4):334-337. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the successful application of reflectance diffuse optical tomography (DOT) using near-infrared light with the new reconstruction algorithm that we developed to the observation of regional hemodynamic changes in the brain under specific mental tasks. Our results reveal the heterogeneous distribution of oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin in the brain, showing complementary images of oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin changes in certain regions. We conclude that our reflectance DOT has practical potential for human brain mapping, as well as in the diagnostic imaging of brain diseases.
    Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 01/2005; 44. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A near infrared multi-channel time-resolved spectroscopy system has been developed. This system acquires the data with 0.2sec sampling time at 16 points, simultaneously. Absorption change can be determined within 3 % accuracy.
    04/2004;
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    ABSTRACT: We calculated the photon path distribution (PPD) in a scattering medium based on a theoretical analysis, which utilizes the relationship between the photon intensity and photon pathlength. This PPD is defined by local photon pathlengths for photons having total pathlengths of l between the light input points and detection points. The PPD of photons that consist of the impulse response at time t (= l/c) was calculated for a 2-D model. Precise analysis of photon migration in the scattering medium is essential in order to carry out image reconstruction of diffuse optical tomography (DOT). We show the PPD at time t (the total pathlength l = ct) and demonstrate its effectiveness. Our method for describing photon migration is intuitive and allows finding weight functions in DOT.
    Optical Review 01/2003; 10(5):444-446. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our newly developed 64-channel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system using near-infrared light enables us to obtain a quantitative image of hemoglobin concentration changes associated with neuronal activation in the human brain [H. Eda, I. Oda, Y. Ito, Y. Wada, Y. Oikawa, Y. Tsunazawa, M. Takada, Y. Tsuchiya, Y. Yamashita, M. Oda, A. Sassaroll, Y. Yamada, M. Tamura, Multi-channel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 70 (1999) 3595–3602]. Here, we used this optical imaging system to demonstrate that the backward digit span (DB) task activated the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of each hemisphere more than the forward digit span (DF) task in healthy adult volunteers, and higher performance of the DB task was closely related to the activation of the right DLPFC. These results suggest that visuospatial imagery is a useful strategy for the DB task. Optical tomography described here is a new modality of neuropsychological studies.
    Cognitive Brain Research 07/2000; · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Yutaka Yamashita, Motoki Oda, Yutaka Tsuchiya
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    ABSTRACT: © 2000 Optical Society of America
    04/2000;
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    ABSTRACT: A time-resolved optical imaging system using near-infrared light has been developed. The system had three pulsed light sources and total 64 channels of detection, working simultaneously for acquisition of the time-resolved data of the pulsed light transmitted through scattering media like biological tissues. The light sources were provided by high power picosecond pulsed diode lasers, and optical switches directed one of the light sources to the object through an optical fiber. The light signals reemitted from the surface of the object were collected by optical fibers, and transmitted to a time-resolved detecting system. Each of the detecting channels consisted of an optical attenuator, a fast photomultiplier, and a time-correlated single photon counting circuit which contained a miniaturized constant fraction discriminator/time-to-amplitude converter module, and a signal acquisition unit with an A/D converter. The performance and potentiality of the imaging system have been examined by the image reconstruction from the measured data using solid phantoms. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.
    Review of Scientific Instruments 08/1999; 70(9):3595-3602. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: © 1998 Optical Society of America
    03/1998;
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    ABSTRACT: © 1998 Optical Society of America
    03/1998;
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the microscopic Beer-Lambert law, two practical time-integrated spectroscopy (TIS) methods, called dual-wavelength spectroscopy method, and dual-wavelength and dual-site spectroscopy method, are described to determine the absolute concentration of an absorber in variously shaped turbid media. We demonstrate, for the first time, the validity of the TIS methods by means of experiments in which the absolute concentrations of an absorber in a tissue-like phantom were determined with errors less than several percent. The advantages and disadvantages of both methods are also discussed.
    Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 01/1998; 37:2724-2727. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a new algorithm for optical computed tomography to determine the concentrations of absorber in turbid media such as human tissue. Our method does not require the measurement of a reference phantom, so that it is free from significant errors caused by geometric and structural differences between the target and reference media. We use an imaginary reference medium for which the optical properties are specified by the average or quasi-average values measured for the real target medium. Since we can calculate the weight function and re-emission for such an imaginary medium, tomographic images can be reconstructed based on the difference in values measured for the target medium and determined for the imaginary reference. The validity of our method was confirmed by measuring an 80-mm-diameter cylindrical, tissue-like phantom containing three different absorbers. The image quality such as image distortion and the capability for quantifying the concentrations of absorber are also discussed.
    Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 01/1998; 37:2717-2723. · 1.07 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

339 Citations
36.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • Daiwa House Central Research Laboratory
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1997–2014
    • HAMAMATSU Photonics K.K.
      Hamamatu, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 2010
    • Nihon University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2000
    • Hokkaido University
      Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan