Yoshimasa Shishiba

National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (7)24.86 Total impact

  • Yozen Fuse, Yoshimasa Shishiba, Minoru Irie
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    ABSTRACT: Table 3 contains some typographical errors. Median (IQR) of FT4 should be median (5-95th percentile) and the median (IQR) values of TSH are replaced with median (5-95th percentile) values.
    Endocrine journal. 01/2014; 61(7):743.
  • Yozen Fuse, Yoshimasa Shishiba, Minoru Irie
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    ABSTRACT: Iodine is an essential nutrient for thyroid hormone synthesis, and iodine deficiency especially in pregnant and lactating women results in serious damage to their infants. To characterize iodine nutrition throughout gestation by using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) measurement, and to establish appropriate gestational age-specific reference ranges for serum TSH and FT4 in thyroid autoantibody (ThAb) negative euthyroid Japanese women, a total number of 563 pregnant women including 422 subjects with negative ThAbs, 105 postpartum women and their 297 newborn infants were included in the study. Dietary iodine intake (DII) was evaluated by FFQ. Serum TSH, FT4 and UIC were sequentially determined in the three trimesters of pregnancy and at the 31st postpartum day. The overall median UICs throughout pregnancy and in the postpartum period were 224.0 and 135.0μg/L, respectively, suggesting sufficient iodine nutrition. The median DII was 842.4μg/day in pregnant women. The median UIC in the first trimester (215.9μg/L) significantly decreased in the second trimester (136.0μg/L). The prevalence of pregnant women with a UIC below 150μg/L was 31.6% and that in lactating women with a UIC below 100μg/L was 33.3%. The pattern of gestational change in serum TSH and FT4 was comparable to that in iodine-sufficient areas. A substantial percentage of women might be at risk for iodine deficiency if there is a restriction of iodine-rich foods. However, iodine supplementation for pregnant women must be carefully balanced against the risk of iodine excess particularly in Japan. Further research in larger samples is needed.
    Endocrine Journal 06/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iodine deficiency in pregnant and lactating women results in serious damage to their fetuses, newborns, and weaning infants. The effect of dietary iodine intake on maternal and infantile thyroid function has not been well studied in iodine-sufficient areas, and there are few data on appropriate gestational age-specific reference ranges for urinary iodine excretion during pregnancy and lactation. The aim of the study was to characterize the gestational change of urinary iodine excretion in Japanese women and to assess the effects of iodine status on thyroid function in mother and infant. A total of 934 Japanese women and their 722 newborn infants were enrolled in the study. Iodine and creatinine concentrations were determined in spot urine samples in the three trimesters of pregnancy and the postpartum period at 34.0 d after delivery. Serum thyroperoxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody, TSH, and free T(4) were measured in each trimester, and neonatal TSH was measured on postnatal d 4. The overall median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) during pregnancy was 219.0 μg/liter, higher than that in postpartum women (135.0 μg/liter). The prevalence of pregnant women with low UIC less than 100 μg/liter or high UIC greater than 500 μg/liter was 16.1 and 22.2%, respectively. Urinary iodine excretion decreased from 221.0 μg/liter in the first trimester to 208.0 μg/liter in the second trimester to 193.0 μg/liter in the third trimester, and then remained at 135.0 μg/liter postpartum. [corrected]. The maternal UIC correlated positively with serum TSH during pregnancy. There was no significant difference in UIC between subjects with positive thyroid autoantibodies and those with negative antibodies. Iodine intake assessed by UIC in Japanese pregnant women is regarded as sufficient and not excessive according to World Health Organization criteria. Although the data are local, our results provide additional information on the reference range for UIC throughout gestation in iodine-sufficient areas.
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 09/2011; 96(12):3846-54. · 6.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined 2,046 adults (834 males and 1,212 females aged 20-75 years) from polluted district in East Slovakia (POLL) and two neighboring upstream and upwind located districts of background pollution (BCGR). By ultrasound we estimated the thyroid volume (ThV), hypoechogenicity (HYE), nodules and cysts. Serum levels of thyrotropin (TSH), thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOab) and thyroglobulin were estimated by electrochemiluminiscent assay and these of 15 PCB congeners, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDT, hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and hexachlorocyclohexane by high-resolution gas chromatography. In 320 subjects also selected hydroxylated and methylsulfonated PCB metabolites, polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins (PCDDs), -furans (PCDFs), five dioxin-like coplanar and eight mono-ortho PCB congeners were estimated. Urinary iodine was measured by automatic microplate method. Reciprocal positive association was found between three major POPs (PCBs, DDE and HCB), the levels of these and also PCDDs plus PCDFs in polluted area being considerably higher than in background pollution area. ThV in groups of males and females from POLL with high PCBs level was significantly higher (p<0.001 by t-test) then in age and sex matched groups from BCGR with low PCBs level. In 1,048 males and females aged <60 years with serum PCBs level >1,000 ng g(-1) lipid (median=1,756 ng g(-1)) a significant effect of age on ThV was found (p<0.01 by ANOVA), while in 921 respective subjects with PCBs level <1,000 ng g(-1) (median=661 ng g(-1)) it was not. These findings supported the view on the additional effect of PCBs on ThV other than that of age. Since the urinary iodine in both districts showed optimal range, any interfering effect of unsatisfactory iodine intake on ThV may be excluded. The frequency of autoimmune thyroiditis signs such as HYE, increased serum level of TPOab and TSH resulting in subclinical or overt thyroid hypofunction was positively associated with sex, age and organochlorine levels. The increase of such frequency in males with POPs levels was much more abrupt than that in females. No considerable differences in the frequency of thyroid nodules as related to PCBs level were found.
    Chemosphere 09/2007; 69(1):118-27. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a certain area of Michalovce district in East Slovakia, heavy industrial pollution by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) developed in 1955-1984 and very high PCB levels in environmental and human samples are still persisting. Recently, a total of 2045 adults from this and the surrounding background pollution area have been examined using questionnaire data, thyroid volume by ultrasound (ThV), urinary iodine and serum levels of 15 PCB congeners, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), 2,2'-2-bis(4-chlorobiphenyl)-1,1-dichloroethylene (DDE), 2,2'-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (DDT), alpha-, beta- and gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOab) and fasting glucose. As based on our previous findings of strikingly high level of PCBs in fish from high pollution area (e.g. mean level of 375430 ng/g lipid) and considerably lower, but still relatively high level in background pollution area (e.g. mean PCB level of 5150 ng/g), the information on the frequency of fish meals and approximate annual consumption of fish from local waters was obtained by questionnaires. The association of contaminated fish consumption with very high blood levels of PCBs, DDE and HCB and increased ThV as well as with increased frequency of positive TPOab, high values of FT4 and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) was found. These associations were also confirmed in 16 marital pairs from high pollution area with very high PCB level in both members associated with high fish consumption. It was concluded that, due to persistent heavy pollution of waters, soil and food chain namely by PCBs, but also by pesticides (e.g. DDE and HCB) resulting from their previous extensive use in agriculture, the fish from local waters still remains the most important source of these toxic pollutants which results in considerable adverse health effects.
    Chemosphere 05/2007; 67(9):S379-85. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) are serious global public health problems and approximately 2 billion people are at risk of IDD complications. Urine iodine and thyroid size by ultrasound in school-age children are important indicators for assessing IDD in a population. Interpretation of sonographically measured thyroid volume requires valid reference criteria from iodine-sufficient populations, and in 2003 WHO (World Health Organization)/ICCIDD (International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders) proposed new international reference values for thyroid volume in children aged 6-12 years. To establish a normative reference of thyroid volume and characterize the current status of iodine nutrition in Japanese schoolchildren in Tokyo, where iodine deficiency has never existed, a total of 654 subjects aged 6-12 years (317 girls and 337 boys) in three primary schools were enrolled in the study in 2002. Thyroid volume was determined by using the standardized method recommended by WHO/ICCIDD and the iodine concentration in spot urine samples and the anthropometric measurements were evaluated. Thyroid volume was positively correlated with the children's age, height, weight, or BSA. Regardless of gender the computed median and 97th percentile thyroid volumes based on age or BSA in Japanese children were generally lower than the corresponding values recently reported in iodine-sufficient areas, although these values were slightly higher (5-13%) than those in the 2003 WHO/ICCIDD international reference. The computed median value of urinary iodine concentration was 281.6 microg/L (303.7 microg/gCre) and extremely high values exceeding 1,000 microg/L were found in 16% of the subjects. The present study clearly indicated a high iodine intake in Japanese schoolchildren and also established reference values for thyroid volume that might be applicable to countries in the Far East as a population-specific local reference.
    Thyroid 03/2007; 17(2):145-55. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Goiter prevalence in school-age children is an indicator of the severity of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) in a population. In areas of mild-to-moderate IDDs, measurement of thyroid volume (Tvol) by ultrasound is preferable to palpation for grading goiter, but interpretation requires reference criteria from iodine-sufficient children. The study aim was to establish international reference values for Tvol by ultrasound in 6-12-y-old children that could be used to define goiter in the context of IDD monitoring. Tvol was measured by ultrasound in 6-12-y-old children living in areas of long-term iodine sufficiency in North and South America, central Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Africa, and the western Pacific. Measurements were made by 2 experienced examiners using validated techniques. Data were log transformed, used to calculate percentiles on the basis of the Gaussian distribution, and then transformed back to the linear scale. Age- and body surface area (BSA)-specific 97th percentiles for Tvol were calculated for boys and girls. The sample included 3529 children evenly divided between boys and girls at each year ( +/- SD age: 9.3 +/- 1.9 y). The range of median urinary iodine concentrations for the 6 study sites was 118-288 micro g/L. There were significant differences in age- and BSA-adjusted mean Tvols between sites, which suggests that population-specific references in countries with long-standing iodine sufficiency may be more accurate than is a single international reference. However, overall differences in age- and BSA-adjusted Tvols between sites were modest relative to the population and measurement variability, which supports the use of a single, site-independent set of references. These new international reference values for Tvol by ultrasound can be used for goiter screening in the context of IDD monitoring.
    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 03/2004; 79(2):231-7. · 6.50 Impact Factor