Publications (17)64.24 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: We introduce a modified classical mapping method to predict the exchangecorrelation free energy and the structure of homogeneous electron gases (HEG) at finite temperature. With the classical map temperature parameterized on the basis of the quantum Monte Carlo simulation data for the correlation energy and exact results at high and low temperature limits, the new theoretical procedure greatly improves the classical mapping method for correlating the energetic properties HEG over a broad range of thermodynamic conditions. Improvement can also be identified in predicting the longrange components of the spinaveraged pair correlation functions.The Journal of chemical physics. 08/2014; 141(6):064115. 
Article: A new exchangecorrelation functional free of delocalization and static correlation errors.
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ABSTRACT: Predicting the correct binding curves of H2(+) and H2 systems presents a great challenge in current applications of electronic density functional theory. Here we report a new functional for the exchangecorrelation energy based on the weighted density approximation and the classical mapping method. With the exact sum rule for the exchangecorrelation hole and accurate correlation functions of uniform electrons as the input, the new functional is free of delocalization and static correlation errors. It yields the exact results for any oneelectron systems and the correct asymptotic limit of the binding energy between hydrogen atoms.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 07/2014; · 4.20 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Relativistic effect is important in many quantum systems but theoretically complicated from both fundamental and practical perspectives. Herein we introduce an efficient computational procedure to predict the structure and energetic properties of relativistic quantum systems by mapping the Pauli principle into an effective pairwiseadditive potential such that the properties of relativistic nonquantum systems can be readily predicted from conventional liquidstate methods. We applied our theoretical procedure to relativistic uniform electron gases and compared the pair correlation functions with those for systems of nonrelativistic electrons. A simple analytical expression has been developed to correlate the exchangecorrelation free energy of relativistic uniform electron systems.Physical Review E 07/2014; 90(11):012141. · 2.31 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the performance of a classical density functional theory (CDFT) in the competition for the solvation freeenergy category of the SAMPL4 blind prediction event. The theoretical calculations were carried out with the TIP3P water model and different combinations of solute configurations and molecular force fields. In comparison with the experimental data, the blind test yields an average unsigned error of 2.38 kcal/mol and the root mean square deviation of 2.99 kcal/mol. Whereas these numbers are significantly larger than the best results from explicitsolvent MD simulations, we find that the theoretical performance is sensitive to both the molecular force fields and solute configurations and that a comparable level of accuracy can be achieved by a judicious selection of the solute configurations and the forcefield parameters. Most importantly, CDFT reduces the computational cost of MD simulation by almost 3 orders of magnitude, making it very attractive for largescale hydration freeenergy calculations (e.g., screening the aqueous solubility of druglike molecules).Journal of ComputerAided Molecular Design 03/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Efficient and accurate prediction of the correlation functions of uniform electron gases is of great importance for both practical and theoretical applications. This paper presents a bridgefunctionalbased classical mapping method for calculating the correlation functions of uniform spinunpolarized electron gases at finite temperature. The bridge functional is formulated by following Rosenfeld's universality ansatz in combination with the modified fundamental measure theory. The theoretical predictions are in good agreement with recent quantum Monte Carlo results but with negligible computational cost, and the accuracy is better than a previous attempt based on the hypernettedchain approximation. We find that the classical mapping method is most accurate if the effective mass of electrons increases as the density falls.The Journal of Chemical Physics 02/2014; 140(8):084103. · 3.12 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The classical density functional theory (DFT) is proposed as an efficient computational tool for highthroughput prediction of the solvation free energies of small molecules in liquid water under the ambient condition. With the solute molecules represented by the AMBER force field and the TIP3P model for the solvent, the new theoretical method predicts the hydration free energies of 500 neutral molecules with average unsigned errors of 0.96 and 1.04 kcal/mol in comparison with the experimental and simulation data, respectively. The DFT predictions are orders of magnitude faster than conventional molecular dynamics simulations, and the theoretical performance can be further improved by taking into account the molecular flexibility of large solutes.Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 10/2013; 4(21):3687–3691. · 6.59 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present an efficient computation procedure for rapid prediction of the selfdiffusivity of gas molecules in nanoporous materials by a combination of the Knudsen model, Rosenfeld's excess entropy scaling method, and a classical density functional theory (DFT). The selfdiffusivity conforms to the Knudsen model at low density, and the effects of intermolecular interactions at higher densities are accounted for by Rosenfeld's excessentropy scaling method. The classical DFT provides a convenient way to calculate the excess entropy used in the scaling analysis. The hybrid computational procedure has been calibrated with MD simulation for the adsorption of H2, He, Ne and Ar gases in several nanoporous materials over a broad range of pressure. It predicts adsorption isotherms and different types of diffusion behavior in excellent agreement with the simulation results. While simulation of gas diffusion in nanoporous materials is extremely time consuming, the new procedure is computationally very efficient because it uses only single molecular and thermodynamic parameters.Langmuir 09/2013; · 4.38 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Direct correlation functions (DCFs) play a pivotal role in the applications of classical density functional theory (DFT) to addressing the thermodynamic properties of inhomogeneous systems beyond the localdensity or meanfield approximations. Whereas numerous studies have been dedicated to the radial distribution functions of liquid water  the most important solvent on earth, relatively little attention has been given to the sitesite DCFs. The water DCFs are longranged and difficult to calculate directly by simulation, and the predictions from conventional liquidstate theories have been rarely calibrated. Here we report a computational procedure for accurate evaluation of the sitesite DCFs of liquid water based on three popular molecular models (viz., SPC, SPC∕E, and TIP3P). The numerical results provide a benchmark for calibration of conventional liquidstate theories and fresh insights into development of new DFT methods. We show that: (1) the longrange behavior of the sitesite DCFs depends on both the molecular model and the thermodynamic condition; (2) the asymptotic limit of DCFs at large distance does not follow the meanspherical approximation (MSA); (3) individual sitesite DCFs are long ranged (∼40 nm) but a summation of all DCF pairs exhibits only shortrange behavior (∼1 nm or a few water diameters); (4) the sitesite bridge correlation functions behave as the DCFs, i.e., they are also longranged while the summation of all bridge correlation functions is short ranged. Our analytical and numerical analyses of the DCFs provide some simple strategies for possible improvement of the numerical performance of conventional liquidstate theories.The Journal of Chemical Physics 08/2013; 139(6):064509. · 3.12 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: At ambient conditions the intermolecular correlation in liquid water is generally believed to be short ranged as shown in the atomic pair distribution functions (PDFs) obtained from scattering experiments or from theoretical predictions. However, atomatom PDFs provide only a partial description of the higher dimensional intermolecular correlation function that depends on both the positions and orientations of water molecules. Here we study the atomic PDFs of liquid water as well as the angular correlation function (ACF) using a classical density functional theory. We demonstrate that, different from the PDFs, the ACF exhibits longrange oscillatory decay extending up to tens of molecular diameters. The theoretical predictions are in good agreement with molecular simulations and corroborate recent experimental results from the second harmonic light scattering experiments.The Journal of Chemical Physics 07/2013; 139(4):041103. · 3.12 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A novel method for realtime monitoring of the oxidative response of a membranechannel biomimetic system (MCBS) to free radicals is developed and the deduction of the buffering effect of MCBS is discussed.Chemical Communications 04/2013; · 6.38 Impact Factor 
Article: A Site Density Functional Theory for Water: Application to Solvation of Amino Acid Side Chains
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ABSTRACT: We report a site density functional theory (SDFT) based on the conventional atomistic models of water and the universality ansatz of the bridge functional. The excess Helmholtz energy functional is formulated in terms of a quadratic expansion with respect to the local density deviation from that of a uniform system and a universal functional for all higherorder terms approximated by that of a reference hardsphere system. With the atomistic pair direct correlation functions of the uniform system calculated from MD simulation and an analytical expression for the bridge functional from the modified fundamental measure theory, the SDFT can be used to predict the structure and thermodynamic properties of water under inhomogeneous conditions with a computational cost negligible in comparison to that of bruteforce simulations. The numerical performance of the SDFT has been demonstrated with the predictions of the solvation free energies of 15 molecular analogs of amino acid side chains in water represented by SPC/E, SPC, and TIP3P models. For theTIP3P model, a comparison of the theoretical predictions with MD simulation and experimental data shows agreement within 0.64 and 1.09 kcal/mol on average, respectively.Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 03/2013; 9(4):1896–1908. · 5.39 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A molecular thermodynamic model is developed to examine crowding effect on DNA melting. Each pair of nucleotides in doublestranded DNA and each nucleotide in singlestranded DNA are represented by two types of charged LennardJones segments, respectively. Water molecules are mimicked explicitly as spherical particles, embedded in a dielectric continuum. Crowders with varying concentration, size, interaction strength, and chain length are considered. For DNA with a sequence of A(20), the melting temperature is predicted to increase by 1 K in the presence of Ficoll70 and by 7.5 K in the presence of Ficoll70polyvinyl pyrrolidone360 mixture. The predictions agree well with experimental data. Furthermore, the melting temperature is found to increase with increasing crowder size, but reduce with increasing interaction strength and crowder length. The predicted changes of Gibbs energy, entropy and enthalpy are consistent with experimentally measured values. The study reveals that DNA melting in a crowded environment is influenced by both entropic and enthalpic effects.Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 10/2012; 14(44):154005. · 4.20 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Two peptideoligonucleotide conjugates are studied using an αhemolysin nanopore to investigate their structural properties at the singlemolecule level.Chemical Communications 07/2012; 48(70):87846. · 6.38 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A reaction density functional theory (RDFT) is developed for chemical reactions in confined space by integrating reaction thermodynamics and DFT for chain fluids. The theory is applied to investigate DNA melting in slit pores, with nucleotides represented by coarsegrained charged LennardJones particles. Three types of slit pores are considered for DNA melting: repulsive pore, attractive pore, and under electric field. In repulsive pores, the melting temperature increases slightly with reducing pore width, and the increase magnitude is nearly the same for DNA of different chain lengths. The doublestrand DNA (dsDNA) and singlestrand DNA (ssDNA) are located in the slit center, particularly for long DNA due to the effect of configuration entropy. In attractive pores, the melting temperature increases with increasing wallfluid interaction. The DNA chains are preferentially adsorbed near the slit walls with a strong wallfluid interaction. Under electric field, the melting temperature increases slightly and is more distinct for shorter DNA.The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 02/2011; 115(8):184855. · 3.61 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A weighted density functional theory is developed for Yukawa chain fluids confined in a nanoslit. The excess freeenergy functional is separated into repulsive and attractive contributions. A simple Heaviside function is used as the weighting function to calculate the weighted density in both contributions. The excess freeenergy functional of repulsive interaction is calculated by the equation of state developed by Liu et al., while the contribution to excess freeenergy functional by attractive interaction is calculated using the statistical associating fluids theory for chain molecules with attractive potentials of variable range. For pure fluids, the predicted density profiles near the nanoslit wall are in good agreement with simulations. The effect of cutoff introduced in the weighting function for the attractive part is examined; in addition, the surface excess and partition coefficient are calculated. The density profiles are also predicted for mixtures of two Yukawa chain fluids with different chain lengths, hardcore diameters, fluid–fluid and wall–fluid interactions. This work reveals that it is important to decompose the excess freeenergy functional into repulsive and attractive contributions, and a simple weighting function can be used for both contributions.Molecular Simulation 04/2010; 36(4):291301. · 1.06 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this work, a recently developed density functional theory in threedimensional space was extended to the adsorption of gas mixtures. Weighted density approximations to the excess free energy with different weighting functions were adopted for both repulsive and attractive contributions. An equation of state for hardsphere mixtures and a modified BenedictWebbRubin equation for LennardJones mixtures were used to estimate the excess free energy of a uniform fluid. The theory was applied to the adsorption of CO(2)/CH(4) and CO(2)/N(2) mixtures in two metalorganic frameworks: ZIF8 and Zn(2)(BDC)(2)(ted). To validate the theoretical predictions, grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations were also conducted. The predicted adsorption and selectivity from DFT were found to agree well with the simulation results. CO(2) has stronger adsorption than CH(4) and N(2), particularly in Zn(2)(BDC)(2)(ted). The selectivity of CO(2) over CH(4) or N(2) increases with increasing pressure as attributed to the cooperative interactions of adsorbed CO(2) molecules. The composition of the gas mixture exhibits a significant effect on adsorption but not on selectivity.The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 02/2010; 114(8):28207. · 3.61 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A density functional theory (DFT) is developed in threedimensional nanoconfined space and applied for H(2) storage in metalorganic frameworks. Two different weighting functions based on the weighted density approximation (WDA) are adopted, respectively, for the repulsive and attractive contributions to the excess free energy. The CarnahanStarling equation and a modified BenedicitWebbRubin equation are used to calculate the excess free energy of uniform fluid. To compare with DFT predictions, grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations are carried out separately. For H(2) adsorption in MOF5 and ZIF8, the isotherms predicted from the DFT agree well with simulation and experiment results, and the DFT is found to be superior to the meanfieldapproximation (MFA)based theory. The adsorption energies and isosteric heats predicted are also in accord with simulation results. From the predicted density contours, the DFT shows that the preferential adsorption sites are the corners of metal clusters in MOF5 and the top of organic linkers in ZIF8, consistent with simulation and experimental observations.The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 09/2009; 113(36):1232631. · 3.61 Impact Factor
Publication Stats
12  Citations  
64.24  Total Impact Points  
Top Journals
Institutions

2013–2014

University of California, Riverside
 Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Riverside, California, United States


2010–2013

East China University of Science and Technology
 School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering
Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China


2009

National University of Singapore
 Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering
Singapore, Singapore
