ABSTRACT: Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) may play an important role in the development of acute coronary syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the levels of circulating PAPP-A and the mid-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome.
The circulating PAPP-A levels and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein before PCI were measured in 129 patients with single coronary artery stenosis. The end point of clinical follow-up was cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and rehospitalization for angina.
During the follow-up of an average of 20.3 ± 5.2 months, a cardiac event was recorded in 25 patients (19.4%). The levels of PAPP-A (29.85 ± 19.51 mIu/L vs 20.47 ± 14.33 mIu/L, P = .007) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (5.63 ± 2.13 mg/L vs 4.11 ± 1.28 mg/L, P = .014) in patients with cardiac events were higher than in those without cardiac events. PAPP-A ≥ 11.33 mIu/L has a strong predictive value for a combined end point (risk ratio = 4.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-16.2; P = .037). Patients with lower PAPP-A levels (<11.33 mIu/L) had higher event-free survivals than patients with higher PAPP-A levels (log rank = 9.334, P = .025).
Circulating PAPP-A levels predict the mid-term outcomes of PCI in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome and single-vessel stenosis.
Heart & lung: the journal of critical care 40(3):e78-83. · 1.04 Impact Factor