Yasumichi Aoki

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (26)63.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The spectrum of twelve-flavor QCD has been studied in details by the LatKMI collaboration. In this proceeding we present our updated results for the spectrum obtained with the HISQ action at two lattice spacings, several volumes and fermion masses. In particular, we emphasize the existence of a flavor-singlet scalar state parametrically light with respect to the rest of the spectrum, first reported in our paper. This feature is expected to be present for theories in the conformal window, but the lattice calculation of such a state is difficult and requires noise-reduction techniques together with large statistics, in order to evaluate disconnected diagrams. Being able to provide a robust observed connection between a light flavor-singlet scalar and (near-)conformality is an important step towards observing a light composite Higgs boson in walking technicolor theories on the lattice. We also show updated results for the mass anomalous dimension $\gamma_m$ obtained from various spectral quantities, including the string tension, under the assumption that the theory is inside the conformal window.
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    ABSTRACT: The composition of nucleons has long been known to be sub-atomic particles called quarks and gluons, which interact through the strong force and theoretically can be described by Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). Lattice QCD (LQCD), in which the continuous space-time is translated into grid points on a four-dimensional lattice and ab initio Monte Carlo simulations are performed, is by far the only model-independent method to study QCD with controllable errors. We report the successful application of a novel algorithm, All-Mode-Averaging, in the LQCD calculations of nucleon internal structure on the Gordon supercomputer our award of roughly 6 million service units through XSEDE. The application of AMA resulted in as much as a factor of 30 speedup in computational efficiency.
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    ABSTRACT: Neutral $B$ meson mixing matrix elements and $B$ meson decay constants are calculated. Static approximation is used for $b$ quark and domain-wall fermion formalism is employed for light quarks. The calculations are carried out on $2+1$ flavor dynamical ensembles generated by RBC/UKQCD Collaborations with lattice spacings $0.086$fm ($a^{-1}\sim 2.3$GeV) and $0.11$fm ($1.7$GeV), and a fixed physical spatial volume of about $(2.7{\rm fm})^3$. In the static quark action, link-smearings are used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. We employ two kinds of link-smearings, HYP1 and HYP2, and their results are combined in taking the continuum limit. For the matching between the lattice and the continuum theory, one-loop perturbative $O(a)$ improvements are made to reduce discretization errors. As the most important quantity of this work, we obtain SU(3) breaking ratio $\xi=1.208(60)$, where the error includes statistical and systematic one. We also find other neutral $B$ meson mixing quantities $f_B\sqrt{\hat{B}_B}=240(22)$MeV, $f_{B_s}\sqrt{\hat{B}_{B_s}}=290(22)$MeV, $\hat{B}_B=1.17(22)$, $\hat{B}_{B_s}=1.22(13)$ and $B_{B_s}/B_B=1.028(74)$, $B$ meson decay constants $f_B=219(17)$MeV, $f_{B_s}=264(19)$MeV and $f_{B_s}/f_B=1.193(41)$, in the static limit of $b$ quark.
  • Proceedings of KMI-GCOE Workshop; 03/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Neutral B meson mixing matrix elements and B meson decay constants are calculated. Static approximation is used for b quark and domain-wall fermion formalism is employed for light quarks. The calculations are done on 2+1 flavor dynamical ensembles, whose lattice spacings are 0.086 fm and 0.11 fm with a fixed physical spatial volume of about (2.7 fm)^3. In the static quark action, link-smearings are used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. We employ two kinds of link-smearings and their results are combined in taking a continuum limit. For the matching between the lattice and the continuum theory, one-loop perturbative calculations are used including O(a) improvements to reduce discretization errors. We obtain SU(3) braking ratio \xi=1.222(60) in the static limit of b quark.
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    ABSTRACT: We report the calculation of the flavor-singlet scalar in the SU(3) gauge theory with the degenerate twelve fermions in the fundamental representation using a HISQ-type action at a fixed $\beta$. In order to reduce the large statistical error coming from the vacuum-subtracted disconnected correlator, we employ a noise reduction method and a large number of configurations. We observe that the flavor-singlet scalar is lighter than the pion in this theory from the calculations with the fermion bilinear and gluonic operators. This peculiar feature is considered to be due to the infrared conformality of this theory, and it is a promissing signal for a walking technicolor, where a light composite Higgs boson is expected to emerge by approximate conformal dynamics.
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    ABSTRACT: We review lattice results related to pion, kaon, D- and B-meson physics with the aim of making them easily accessible to the particle physics community. More specifically, we report on the determination of the light-quark masses, the form factor f+(0), arising in semileptonic K -> pi transition at zero momentum transfer, as well as the decay constant ratio fK/fpi of decay constants and its consequences for the CKM matrix elements Vus and Vud. Furthermore, we describe the results obtained on the lattice for some of the low-energy constants of SU(2)LxSU(2)R and SU(3)LxSU(3)R Chiral Perturbation Theory and review the determination of the BK parameter of neutral kaon mixing. The inclusion of heavy-quark quantities significantly expands the FLAG scope with respect to the previous review. Therefore, for this review, we focus on D- and B-meson decay constants, form factors, and mixing parameters, since these are most relevant for the determination of CKM matrix elements and the global CKM unitarity-triangle fit.
    European Physical Journal C 10/2013; 74(9). DOI:10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-2890-7
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    ABSTRACT: We measure glueball masses and the string tension in twelve-flavour QCD, aiming at comparing the emerging gluonic spectrum to the mesonic one. When approaching the critical surface at zero quark mass, the hierarchy of masses in the different sectors of the spectrum gives a new handle to determine the existence of an infrared fixed point. We describe the details of our gluonic measurements and the results obtained on a large number of gauge configurations generated with the HISQ action. In particular, we focus on the scalar glueball and its mixing with a flavour-singlet fermionic state, which is lighter than the pseudoscalar (would-be pion) state. The results are interesting in view of a light composite Higgs boson in walking technicolor theories.
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    ABSTRACT: In search for a composite Higgs boson (techni-dilaton) in the walking technicolor, we present our preliminary results on the first observation of a light flavor-singlet scalar in a candidate theory for the walking technicolor, the Nf=8 QCD, which was found in our previous paper to have spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking together with remnants of the conformality. Based on simulations with the HISQ-type action on several lattice sizes with various fermion masses, we find evidence of a flavor-singlet scalar meson with mass comparable to that of the Nambu-Goldstone pion in both the small fermion-mass region, where chiral perturbation theory works, and the intermediate fermion-mass region where the hyperscaling relation holds. We further discuss its chiral limit extrapolation in comparison with other states studied in our previous paper: the scalar has a mass much smaller than that of the vector meson, which is compared to the Nambu-Goldstone pion having a vanishing mass in that limit.
    Physical Review D 09/2013; 89(11). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.89.111502
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    ABSTRACT: Based on lattice simulations using highly improved staggered quarks for twelve-flavor QCD with several bare fermion masses, we observe a flavor-singlet scalar state lighter than the pion in the correlators of fermionic interpolating operators. The same state is also investigated using correlators of gluonic interpolating operators. Combined with our previous study, that showed twelve-flavor QCD to be consistent with being in the conformal window, we infer that the lightness of the scalar state is due to infrared conformality. This result shed some light on the possibility of a light composite Higgs boson ("technidilaton") in walking technicolor theories.
    Physical Review Letters 05/2013; 111(16). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.162001
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate chiral and conformal properties of the lattice QCD with eight flavors (Nf=8) through meson spectrum using the Highly Improved Staggered Quark (HISQ) action. We also compare our results with those of Nf=12 and Nf=4 which we study on the same systematics. We find that the decay constant F_pi of the pseudoscalar meson "pion" is non-zero, with its mass M_pi consistent with zero, both in the chiral limit extrapolation of the chiral perturbation theory (ChPT). We also measure other quantities which we find are in accord with the pi data results: The rho meson mass is consistent with non-zero in the chiral limit, and so is the chiral condensate, with its value neatly coinciding with that from the Gell-Mann-Oakes-Renner relation in the chiral limit. Thus our data for the Nf=8 QCD are consistent with the spontaneously broken chiral symmetry. Remarkably enough, while the Nf=8 data near the chiral limit are well described by the ChPT, those for the relatively large fermion bare mass m_f away from the chiral limit actually exhibit a finite-size hyperscaling relation, suggesting a large anomalous dimension gamma_m ~ 1. This implies that there exists a remnant of the infrared conformality, and suggests that a typical technicolor ("one-family model") as modeled by the Nf=8 QCD can be a walking technicolor theory having an approximate scale invariance with large anomalous dimension gamma_m ~ 1.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 02/2013; 87(9). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.094511
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    ABSTRACT: The LatKMI collaboration is studying systematically the dynamical properties of N_f = 4,8,12,16 SU(3) gauge theories using lattice simulations with (HISQ) staggered fermions. Exploring the spectrum of many-flavour QCD, and its scaling near the chiral limit, is mandatory in order to establish if one of these models realises the Walking Technicolor scenario. Although lattice technologies to study the mesonic spectrum are well developed, scalar flavour-singlet states still require extra effort to be determined. In addition, gluonic observables usually require large-statistic simulations and powerful noise-reduction techniques. In the following, we present useful spectroscopic methods to investigate scalar glueballs and scalar flavour-singlet mesons, together with the current status of the scalar spectrum in N_f = 12 QCD from the LatKMI collaboration.
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    ABSTRACT: We present the report of the LatKMI collaboration on the lattice QCD simulation for the cases of 4 and 8 flavors. The Nf=8 in particular is interesting from the model-building point of view: The typical walking technicolor model with the large anomalous dimension is the so-called one-family model (Farhi-Susskind model). Thus we explore the walking behavior in LQCD with 8 HISQ quarks by comparing with the 4-flavor case (in which the chiral symmetry is spontaneously broken). We report preliminary results on the spectrum, analyzed through the chiral perturbation theory and the finite-size hyperscaling, and we discuss the availability of the Nf=8 QCD to the phenomenology.
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    ABSTRACT: We present our result of the many-flavor QCD. Information of the phase structure of many-flavor SU(3) gauge theory is of great interest, since the gauge theories with the walking behavior near the infrared fixed point are candidates of new physics for the origin of the dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking. We study the SU(3) gauge theories with 12 and 16 fundamental fermions. Utilizing the HISQ type action which is useful to study the continuum physics, we analyze the lattice data of the mass and the decay constant of the pseudoscalar meson and the mass of the vector meson as well at several values of lattice spacing and fermion mass. The finite size scaling test in the conformal hypothesis is also performed. Our data is consistent with the conformal scenario for Nf=12. We obtain the mass anomalous dimension $\gamma_m \sim 0.4-0.5$. An update of $N_f=16$ study is also shown.
  • Physical review D: Particles and fields 09/2012; 86(5). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.059903
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    ABSTRACT: We study infrared conformality of the twelve-flavor QCD on the lattice. Utilizing the highly improved staggered quarks (HISQ) type action which is useful to study the continuum physics, we analyze the lattice data of the mass and the decay constant of a pseudoscalar meson and the mass of a vector meson as well at several values of lattice spacing and fermion mass. Our result is consistent with the conformal hypothesis for the mass anomalous dimension $\gamma_m \sim 0.4-0.5$.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 07/2012; 86(5). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.054506
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    ABSTRACT: We calculate the masses of bottom mesons using an improved relativistic action for the b-quarks and the RBC/UKQCD Iwasaki gauge configurations with 2+1 flavors of dynamical domain-wall light quarks. We analyze configurations with two lattice spacings: a^{-1} = 1.729 GeV (a ~ 0.11 fm) and a^{-1} = 2.281 GeV (a ~ 0.086 fm). We use an anisotropic, clover-improved Wilson action for the b-quark, and tune the three parameters of the action nonperturbatively such that they reproduce the experimental values of the B_s and B_s* heavy-light meson states. The masses and mass-splittings of the low-lying bottomonium states (such as the eta_b and Upsilon) can then be computed with no additional inputs, and comparison between these predictions and experiment provides a test of the validity of our method. We obtain bottomonium masses with total uncertainties of ~0.5-0.6% and fine-structure splittings with uncertainties of ~35-45%; for all cases we find good agreement with experiment. The parameters of the relativistic heavy-quark action tuned for b-quarks presented in this work can be used for precise calculations of weak matrix elements such as B-meson decay constants and mixing parameters with lattice discretization errors that are of the same size as in light pseudoscalar meson quantities. This general method can also be used for charmed meson masses and matrix elements if the parameters of the heavy-quark action are appropriately tuned.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 06/2012; 86(11). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.116003
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    ABSTRACT: Information of the phase structure of many flavor SU(3) gauge theory is of great interest for finding a theory which dynamically breaks the electro-weak symmetry. We study the SU(3) gauge theory with fermions for $N_f=12$ and 16 in fundamental representation. Both of them, through perturbation theory, reside in the conformal phase. We try to determine the phase of each theory non-perturbatively with lattice simulation and to find the characteristic behavior of the physical quantities in the phase. HISQ type staggered fermions are used to reduce the discretization error which could compromise the behavior of the physical quantity to determine the phase structure at non-zero lattice spacings. Spectral quantities such as bound state masses of meson channel and meson decay constants are investigated with careful finite volume analysis. Our data favor the conformal over chiral symmetry breaking scenario for both $N_f=12$ and 16.
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    ABSTRACT: We present the first report of the LatKMI collaboration on the the lattice QCD simulation performed at the KMI computer, "$\varphi$", for the cases of 4 flavors and 8 flavors, the latter being expected to be a candidate for the walking technicolor having an approximate scale invariance near the infrared fixed point. The simulation was carried out based on the highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) action. In this proceedings, we report preliminary results on the spectrum, analyzed through the chiral perturbation theory and the finite-size hyperscaling. We observe qualitatively different behavior of the 8-flavor case in contrast to the 4-flavor case which shows clear indication of the hadronic phase as in the usual QCD.
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    ABSTRACT: We study corrections to the conformal hyperscaling relation in the conformal window of the large Nf QCD by using the ladder Schwinger-Dyson (SD) equation as a concrete dynamical model. From the analytical expression of the solution of the ladder SD equation, we identify the form of the leading mass correction to the hyperscaling relation. We find that the anomalous dimension, when identified through the hyperscaling relation neglecting these corrections, yields a value substantially lower than the one at the fixed point \gamma_m^* for large mass region. We further study finite-volume effects on the hyperscaling relation, based on the ladder SD equation in a finite space-time with the periodic boundary condition. We find that the finite-volume corrections on the hyperscaling relation are negligible compared with the mass correction. The anomalous dimension, when identified through the finite-size hyperscaling relation neglecting the mass corrections as is often done in the lattice analyses, yields almost the same value as that in the case of the infinite space-time neglecting the mass correction, i.e., a substantially lower value than \gamma_m^* for large mass. We also apply the finite-volume SD equation to the chiral-symmetry-breaking phase and find that when the theory is close to the critical point such that the dynamically generated mass is much smaller than the explicit breaking mass, the finite-size hyperscaling relation is still operative. We also suggest a concrete form of the modification of the finite-size hyperscaling relation by including the mass correction, which may be useful to analyze the lattice data.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 01/2012; 85(7). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.074502