ABSTRACT: Besides NO, neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) also produces superoxide (O(2)(-.) at low levels of L-arginine. Recently, heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) was shown to facilitate NO synthesis from eNOS and nNOS. However, the effect of hsp90 on the O(2)(-.) generation from NOS has not been determined yet. The interrelationship between its effects on O(2)(-.) and NO generation from NOS is also unclear. Therefore, we performed electron paramagnetic resonance measurements of O(2)(-.) generation from nNOS to study the effect of hsp90. Purified rat nNOS generated strong O(2)(-.) signals in the absence of L-arginine. In contrast to its effect on NO synthesis, hsp90 dose-dependently inhibited O(2)(-.) generation from nNOS with an IC(50) of 658 nM. This inhibition was not due to O(2)(-.) scavenging because hsp90 did not affect the O(2)(-.) generated by xanthine oxidase. At lower levels of L-arginine where marked O(2)(-.) generation occurred, hsp90 caused a more dramatic enhancement of NO synthesis from nNOS as compared to that under normal L-arginine. Significant O(2)(-.) production was detected from nNOS even at intracellular levels of L-arginine. Adding hsp90 prevented this O(2)(-.) production, leading to enhanced nNOS activity. Thus, these results demonstrated that hsp90 directly inhibited O(2)(-.) generation from nNOS. Inhibition of O(2)(-.) generation may be an important mechanism by which hsp90 enhances NO synthesis from NOS.
Biochemistry 09/2002; 41(34):10616-22. · 3.42 Impact Factor